Amendments to the Terrorist Designations of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba
On June 25, 2014, the State Department announced amendments to the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT) entity designations of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LET), pursuant to Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and section 1(b) of Executive Order (E.O.) 13224. The Department of State has also reviewed the FTO designation of LET and maintained it, in accordance with Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
The Department has amended LET’s designations to add the following aliases: Jama’at-ud-Dawa, Al-Anfal Trust, Tehrik-e-Hurmat-e-Rasool, and Tehrik-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awwal. In conjunction with these actions, the Department of the Treasury also designated two LET senior members as SDGTs under E.O. 13224.
The consequences of the FTO and E.O. 13224 designations include a prohibition against knowingly providing, or attempting or conspiring to provide, material support or resources to, or engaging in transactions with these organizations, and the freezing of all property and interests in property of the organizations that is in the United States, or come within the United States or the control of U.S. persons. The Department of State took these actions in consultation with the Departments of Justice and Treasury.
LET has claimed responsibility for the 2008 Mumbai terrorist attacks that killed at least 163 people. In 2011, LET was responsible for multiple terrorist attacks, mostly in Jammu and Kashmir, and in 2012, LET claimed responsibility for an attack against an Indian army convoy in Kashmir that killed one civilian and injured two others. More recently, LET was responsible for the May 23, 2014 attack on the Indian Consulate in Herat, Afghanistan.
In December 2001, the Department of State designated LET as a Foreign Terrorist Organization. Since the original designation occurred, LET has repeatedly changed its name in an effort to avoid sanctions. More specifically, LET created Jama’at-ud-Dawa as a front organization, claiming that the group was an “organization for the preaching of Islam, politics, and social work.” Al-Anfal Trust, Tehrik-e-Hurmat-e-Rasool (“Movement for Defending the Honor of God”), and Tehrik-e-Tahafuz Qibla Awwal (“Movement for Safeguarding the First Center of Prayer”) are also LET front organizations; since at least 2011, LET has used Al-Anfal Trust to procure goods from the Persian Gulf.