Overview and Acknowledgements
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Why the Reports Are Prepared
This report is submitted to the Congress by the Department of State pursuant to Sections 116(d) and 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (FAA). 19 U.S.C. § 2464, 2467 also requires that U.S. foreign and trade policy take into account countries’ human rights and worker rights performance and that country reports be submitted to the Congress on an annual basis.
This report includes reports on several countries that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and thus are not covered by the congressional requirement.
The report represents events for the calendar year 2016 only.
How the Reports Are Prepared
The Department of State prepared this report using information from U.S. embassies and consulates abroad, foreign government officials, nongovernmental and international organizations, jurists and legal experts, journalists, academics, labor activists, and published reports. U.S. diplomatic missions abroad prepared the initial drafts of the individual country reports.
Once the initial drafts of the individual country reports were completed, the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL), in cooperation with other Department of State offices, reviewed and edited the reports, drawing on its own sources of information. Bureau officers also consulted experts on worker rights, refugee issues, military and police topics, women’s issues, and legal matters, among many others. The guiding principle was that all information be reported objectively, thoroughly, and fairly. DRL also ensured that all reports followed the same methodology and conformed to standard format and structure.
DRL uses hyperlinks to other key human rights documents produced by the Department of State. Specifically, readers are asked to follow hyperlinks for complete information on religious freedom issues by consulting the International Religious Freedom Report, on trafficking by consulting the Trafficking in Persons Report, and on child abductions by consulting the Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction. Additionally linked are the Department of Labor’s Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor.
The DRL Editorial Team
Senior Advisor: Marc Susser
Coordinator of Human Rights Reports: Stephen Eisenbraun
Office Directors and Deputy Directors:
Directors: Carmela Conroy, Christine Lawson, Steve Moody, Jon Piechowski, J. Andrew Plowman, Susan O’Sullivan, Rolf Olson
Deputies: Jaroslaw Z. Anders, Mary Angelini, Matthew Hickey, Peter Higgins, Yelda Kazimi, Catherine Newling, Jennifer Neidhart de Ortiz
Senior Editors: Jonathan Bemis, Jillian Burns, Douglas Dearborn, Daniel Dolan, Stephen Eisenbraun, Jerome L. Hoganson, Victor J. Huser, David T. Jones, Lawrence Lesser, Sandra Murphy, Gary Price, Julie Turner
Editors: Muzna Abbas, Naim Ahmed, Paula Albertson, Asim Ali, Jaroslaw Z. Anders, Cory Andrews, Mary Angelini, Nasreen Badat, Danielle Bayar, Ian Brown, Michael Cocciolone, Christy Doherty, Kevin Dolliver, Christina Droggitis, Mort Dworken, Niloofar Farrokhpay, Joshua Fellman, Alix Fraser, Matt Gang, Reva Gupta, David Guinn, Charles Gurney, Patrick Hamilton, Janice Hartleroad, Patrick Harvey, Sydney Helton, Peter Higgins, Kegan Johnson, Joseph Katz, Orly Keiner, Justine Kimmons-Gilbert, Amy McGann, Kerry McIntosh, Andrew Masloski, Hannah Meropol, David K. Meyer, Sarah Morgan, Bintou Njie, Stephanie Orgorzalek, Molly O’Neal, Thomas Opstal, Susan Notar, Toy Reid, Jess Rodgers, Ereni Roess, Christopher Russell, Daniel Schneider, Corena Sharp, Lisa Sherman, Wendy Silverman, Rachel Simon, Rachel Spring, Anne Stotler, Dennis Dean Tidwell, Nadia Tongour, Dan Vernon, Pilar Velasquez, David G. Wagner, Rachel Waldstein, Natasha Wheatley, Megan Wong, Joseph Dean Yap, Jeff Zavadil
Contributing Editors: Robert P. Sanders, Kerri Spindler-Ranta, Jonathan Collett
Technical Editor: Janine Czarnecki