The Republic of San Marino is a multiparty democracy. The popularly elected, unicameral Great and General Council (parliament) selects two of its members to serve as captains regent (co-heads of state). They preside over meetings of the council and the Congress of State (cabinet), which has no more than 10 other members (secretaries of state), selected by the council. Observers considered the parliamentary elections in 2016 to be generally free and fair.
Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces.
The most significant human rights issues included corruption charges against former senior elected officials.
The government took steps to investigate and punish officials accused of abuses.