Overview and Acknowledgements
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Why and How the Reports are Prepared
The Department of State submits this report to the Congress in compliance with section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998. U.S. embassies prepare the initial drafts of the reports based on information from government officials, religious leaders, nongovernmental organizations, journalists, human rights monitors, religious groups, academics, and others. U.S. foreign service officers go to great lengths, sometimes under trying and dangerous conditions, to collect the information on which the reports are based.
The Office of International Religious Freedom collaborates in collecting and analyzing information for the country reports, drawing on its own consultations with foreign government officials, religious leaders, nongovernmental organizations, representatives from the UN and other international and regional organizations and institutions, journalists, academic experts, and Department of State offices. The Department’s guiding principle is to ensure that all relevant information is assessed as objectively, thoroughly, and fairly as possible.
The reports are available via www.humanrights.gov (or directly, at http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/religiousfreedom/index.htm) in a format that allows readers to search the texts and compare reports across regions and themes. Both the International Religious Freedom Report and the Human Rights Report spotlight examples of abuses and restrictions that typify and illuminate the types of problems frequently reported in each country in 2012. Specific inclusions or omissions should not be interpreted as a signal that a particular case is of greater or lesser importance to the U.S. government, or that a case is the only available example. Rather, our goal is to shed light on the nature, scope, and severity of the violations we report with illustrative examples. Both reports cover the calendar year so that readers can reference the two reports jointly and benefit from year-end data.
How the Reports Are Used
A wide range of U.S. government agencies and offices uses the reports to shape policy; conduct diplomacy; and inform assistance, training, and other resource allocations. The Secretary of State also uses the reports to help determine which countries have engaged in or tolerated “particularly severe violations” of religious freedom, to designate “countries of particular concern.”
A Word on Definitions
When this report states a government “generally respected” the right of religious freedom over the reporting period, it signifies that the government attempted to protect religious freedom in the fullest sense while recognizing that the protection and promotion of religious freedom is a dynamic endeavor. “Generally respected” is thus the highest level of respect for religious freedom assigned in this report.
This report reflects the dedicated efforts of hundreds of people in the Department of State and at U.S. missions abroad. We thank the dedicated staff at our embassies and consulates for monitoring and promoting religious freedom, and for chronicling in detail the status of religious liberty.
Within the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, the editorial staff of the International Religious Freedom Report consists of the following:
Editor-in-Chief: Mary E. Daly; Senior Editors: Robert W. Boehme, Vonda K. Delawie, Greta N. Morris, Marc J. Susser, and Laurie J.Tracy. Office of International Religious Freedom: Director Kari Johnstone; Deputy Director Stephanie L. Bowers. Editors and Assistants: Nida Ansari, Nasreen Badat, Kyle M. Ballard, Ryan Berney, Lauren Boas Hayes, Sita Liane Chakrawarti, Warren Cofsky, Clara Davis, Stacy Bernard Davis, Sameer Hossain, Anjoly Ibrahim, David Levi-Cantu, Jonathan Loar, Amber J. McIntyre, Daniel L. Nadel, Elizabeth Huse Neil, Rustum Nyquist, Debra E. Perlin, Deeksha Sharma, John C. Taylor, Laurel S. Voloder, Rachel Washington, Victoria S. Wolf, and Arif H. Yeter. The reports are produced under the direction of Acting Assistant Secretary Uzra S. Zeya and Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Suzan Johnson Cook.