Afghanistan and Pakistan
INL is focused on combating the narcotics trade and building the capacity of the governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan to provide justice and security to their people. INL directs and oversees foreign assistance programs which support the justice sectors in these two countries, which are central to U.S. national security interests. INL also works closely with interagency partners, including the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), the Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, as well as multilateral organizations. INL designs programs to increase adherence to the rule of law; prevent corruption and other crimes; support counternarcotics efforts; provide justice sector and law enforcement training; and develop a safe, secure, and humane corrections system.
Afghanistan produces over 80 percent of the world’s illicit opiates. The illicit cultivation, production, trafficking, and consumption of narcotics in Afghanistan undermines governance and public health, fuels corruption and insecurity, and funds the insurgency. INL implements a holistic counternarcotics program in partnership with the Afghan Government, including eradication, interdiction, alternative development, public information, and demand reduction. In Afghanistan, INL is engaged in other programs including capacity building and training for government officials -- police, prosecutors, judges, defense attorneys, and ministry staff. INL is also working to increase awareness of the rights of women and children.
INL programs in Pakistan support the U.S. Government’s efforts to reduce violent extremism and terrorism, counter the flow of narcotics and precursor chemicals transiting Pakistan from Afghanistan, and support the development of an effective, professional, and transparent criminal justice system and law enforcement corps within Pakistan. INL works with police, prosecutors, and corrections officials in all four provinces and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to expand the operational reach of police, improve law and order, combat violent extremism, and improve Pakistan’s ability to prosecute and detain criminals. INL’s areas of focus in Pakistan include border security and law enforcement reform, counternarcotics, rule of law and corrections capacity building. INL also supports programs that enhance the capacity of Pakistani women to preserve law and order, promote gender equality, and serve as role models in the justice system.