Africa and the Middle East
In Africa, INL’s four main objectives are to assist African partners in combating transnational organized crime, drug trafficking, and terrorism, and their effects; support post-conflict stabilization operations and security sector reform; strengthen criminal justice systems to be accountable to the public and to respect human rights; and promote regional cooperation. INL implements its Africa programs through a comprehensive range of bilateral and regional initiatives.
In the Middle East and North Africa region, INL establishes and implements foreign assistance programming, in cooperation with our partners, to promote civilian security and criminal justice sector reform. INL seeks to promote strong, professional, and self-sustaining criminal justice and related institutions in the region that can address existing and emerging security threats in a humane, transparent, and equitable manner. West Bank and Lebanon remain INL’s largest programs in the region, and INL is expanding programs in Arab countries undergoing transition such as in Tunisia. While most of INL programs in the region are through bilateral partnerships, INL has developed new regional initiatives in recognition of a greater need for regional cooperation among neighboring countries, particularly in the area of counter terrorism capabilities.
Anti-Wildlife Trafficking Efforts
INL supports the global fight against wildlife trafficking through assistance to multiple countries in Africa. Under the National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking (CWT), INL/AME builds the capacity of law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute wildlife crimes and develops regional cooperation mechanisms. Activities can include training, mentoring, and equipment provision for park rangers, police, prosecutors, non-governmental organizations, and civil society entities to address the multiple dimensions of poaching and wildlife trafficking. Our first projects began in Kenya and South Africa, followed by Namibia and Tanzania. Future projects will cover larger areas of central and southern Africa, and address both source and transit countries.
West Africa Regional Programming
INL’s West Africa regional funds support the 15 Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) members in establishing and sustaining effective, professional, and accountable criminal justice and civilian security sectors. In countries with more foundational assistance needs, programs focus on reforming security and justice sector institutions. Technical assistance facilitates partner-country efforts to counter transnational threats including illicit trafficking and to strengthen conflict mitigation and state legitimacy. A key component of West Africa regional programming is promoting regional cooperation and coordination, particularly to counter transnational organized crime (TOC). Counter-TOC assistance is more advanced, and often includes training specialized units, such as counter narcotics task forces, and providing opportunities to learn and work with other countries in multinational settings.
The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership
The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) is a multi-faceted, multi-year U.S. strategy aimed at developing resilient institutions that are capable of preventing and responding to terrorism in a holistic, long term manner. INL TSCTP programs in the AF and NEA regions work to counter and prevent violent extremism by empowering partner countries to (1) provide effective and accountable security and justice services to enhance citizen cooperation with and trust in law enforcement, and (2) develop the institutional foundation for counterterrorism and related capabilities, including border security and prison security and reintegration efforts. In doing so, INL focuses on enhancing and institutionalizing cooperation among TSCTP countries so that they increasingly learn with and from each other. Partner countries include Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Tunisia. More»
The Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism
The Partnership for Regional East Africa Counterterrorism (PREACT) is the U.S. government’s multi-year, multi-sector initiative to build the long-term capabilities of East African partners to contain, disrupt, and marginalize terrorist networks in the region. INL’s PREACT funds empower East African criminal justice institutions to confront complex challenges posed by cross-border terrorism. INL’s active PREACT partners include Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania. Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda are also members of PREACT. More»
Security Governance Initiative
The Security Governance Initiative (SGI) is a multi-year effort between the United States and partner countries to improve security sector governance and capacity to address threats. An interagency holistic approach, SGI partners with six countries (Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Tunisia) to undertake strategic and institutional reforms required to tackle key security challenges. SGI focuses on shared security priorities and enhances security sector management. SGI is managed by the State Department’s Africa Bureau, but leverages expertise and experience from across the Departments of State, Defense, Justice, and Homeland Security, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and the National Counterterrorism Center. Coordination and collaboration both within the U.S. government and with partner countries is a hallmark of SGI. INL’s activities undertaken as part of SGI seek to develop, support, and strengthen criminal justice institutions and capabilities to ensure citizen security and promote the rule of law, including sound policies, institutional structures, systems, processes, and effective management methods so that governments can efficiently and effectively deliver security and justice in a sustainable manner.
D-ISIS Campaign and Countering Violent Extremism
The D-ISIS campaign is a whole of U.S. government and international coalition effort to comprehensively defeat the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and to protect the homeland, allies, U.S. citizens, and the U.S. national interest from terrorist attacks. This includes countering violent extremism (CVE) efforts that seek to bolster communities and institutions against the threat of extremism, and undermine recruitment and radicalization of individuals by violent extremist organizations. In coordination with U.S. government and international partners, INL promotes policy and stabilization efforts as territory is liberated from ISIS to help prevent counter attacks or the resurgence of violent extremism. INL’s CVE activities across Africa and the Middle East support effective, equitable, and accountable criminal justice institutions that deny safe havens and address grievances exploited by violent extremists.
Regional Anti-Corruption Program
Through the UN Office of Drugs and Crime and the UN Development, INL is strengthening the capacity of government officials, young reformers, and non-governmental organizations in half a dozen MENA countries and Africa to reduce corruption risks that contribute to ineffective institutions and instability, including by implementing countries’ commitments under the UN Convention against Corruption, providing legislative drafting assistance, raising citizens’ awareness of corruption, and connecting officials and civil society leaders in the region to share best practices. INL is also supporting the MENA-OECD Governance Program to strengthen anticorruption standards and capacity within government agencies. Through this project, the OECD has helped bolster public procurement procedures, fraud mitigations strategies, and internal controls across the region.
Mediterranean Migrant Smuggling
INL supports activities implemented by INTERPOL and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) that focus on countering migrant smuggling in the Mediterranean region. Specifically, these activities include training to judges and prosecutors handling cases of the smuggling of migrants by sea, as well as law enforcement training workshops, and deployment of eLearning tools, training manuals and curricula that support capacity building towards implementation of the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land.