Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies - The Action Plan, 2016-2020

(For a PDF version of the Action Plan, see pages 12 through 20 of the Road Map.)

The Call to Action on Protection from GBV in Emergencies aims to fundamentally transform the way GBV is addressed in humanitarian operations via the collective action of partners from governments, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), each bringing our various strengths and capacities to the table.

Our collective motivation in committing to the Call to Action and inviting others to join is quite simple: GBV continues to plague those affected by conflict and disasters, especially women and girls. We have an obligation to act—to take all possible measures in our humanitarian work to build resilience, to keep people safe, and to help GBV survivors rebuild their lives.

The commitment to act and to hold ourselves accountable for action is what binds us together under the Call to Action. The Road Map establishes a time-bound and measurable operational framework to realize the aim and commitments of the Call to Action. It enables us to move the Call to Action forward through sustained collective action over the next five years. By sharing this Road Map with colleagues around the world, we can galvanize increased engagement to address GBV, encourage new partners to commit to the Call to Action, and realize the aims of this initiative.

Goal

The goal of the Call to Action is to drive change and foster accountability within the humanitarian sphere so that every humanitarian effort includes the policies, systems, and mechanisms necessary to mitigate GBV risks, especially violence against women and girls, from the earliest phases of a crisis, and to provide safe and comprehensive services for those affected by GBV.

Objectives

1. Establish specialized GBV services and programs that are accessible to anyone affected by GBV and are available from the onset of an emergency.

2. Integrate and implement actions to reduce and mitigate GBV risk across all levels and sectors of humanitarian response from the earliest stages of emergencies and throughout the program cycle.

3. Mainstream gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls throughout humanitarian action.

The Road Map aims to meet the need for accountability, collective action, and locally driven programming by achieving the following outcomes by 2020:

Outcome 1. Humanitarian actors adopt and implement institutional policies and standards to strengthen gender equality, prevent and respond to GBV, and enhance accountability for taking action.

Outcome 2. All levels within the humanitarian architecture promote effective and accountable inter-agency/inter-sectoral GBV leadership and coordination.

Outcome 3. Needs assessments, analyses, and planning processes support effective and accountable integration of GBV prevention and response and gender equality into humanitarian response efforts.

Outcome 4. Funding is available for GBV prevention and response for each phase of an emergency, from preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development.

Outcome 5. Specialized GBV prevention and response services are implemented in each phase of an emergency, from preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development.

Outcome 6. Those managing and leading humanitarian operations have and apply the knowledge and skills needed to foster gender equality and reduce and mitigate GBV risk.

The strength of the Call to Action lies in the diversity of its stakeholders; a governance structure that supports participation, accountability, transparency, and communication; and the collective pledge to hold ourselves accountable to one another and to the people we serve.

The following Action Plan lays out the Key Action Areas we have prioritized to achieve the target Outcomes by 2020. Each Outcome includes a set of time-bound actions and stakeholder groups responsible for the action.

The Action Plan

The following Action Plan lays out the Key Action Areas we have prioritized to achieve the target Outcomes by 2020. Each Outcome includes a set of time-bound actions and key stakeholder groups responsible for them. We have also identified supporting stakeholder groups or entities that contribute advocacy, funding, and other relevant workstreams to ensure the action is complete, based on their capacity and responsibility to engage on GBV-related issues. The Action Plan is supported by structures for partnership, leadership, governance, and monitoring.

Pathways of Action

The Outcomes we wish to achieve and the actions needed to achieve them are organized across three interlinked Pathways of Action that must be undertaken in sync with each other.

Internal Institutional Policies are the policies and mechanisms within individual partner organizations/ institutions.

» Policies provide the high-level guidance and commitment that drive the mechanisms necessary to support leading, funding, coordinating, and implementing action on the ground.

» Actions in this pathway inform, guide, and establish the means to hold staff at all levels accountable for decisions, practices, and programs on gender equality and protection from GBV in emergencies.

» Policies ensure that gender equality, protection from sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA), and protection from GBV become organizational norms and practices, and are thereby integrated into all administrative and programmatic (e.g., tools, guidance, planning, monitoring, etc.) mechanisms.

» This pathway also includes the stakeholder organization’s commitment to participation in inter- agency coordination, advocacy, and other activities aimed at carrying forward the issues.

Inter-Agency Systems are the inter-agency policies, structures, and systems developed and agreed to by inter- agency groups.

» Systems should clearly guide, support, and govern humanitarian action related to GBV and gender equality.

» Actions in this pathway provide the structures and systems for implementation on the ground and accountability for action.

» Actions in this pathway are informed by institutional policies and practices.

Implementation is the program level, where communities are engaged and services are planned and delivered by individual agencies and inter-agency groupings.

» Implementation actions include specialized GBV prevention and response programming by the key specialized sectors; the integration of GBV risk reduction and mitigation into the work of all sectors and all actors in line with the revised IASC GBV Guidelines; and mainstreaming of gender equality throughout all programs and interventions.

» The implementation level is supported, guided, and made possible by the policies and systems in the other two pathways.

Stakeholder Groups

In the Action Plan, specific groupings of stakeholders are identified by abbreviated terms as follows:

States

» States and/or regional bodies (e.g., European Union, African Union) that provide bilateral and/or multilateral humanitarian funding

» States and/or regional states bodies that do not necessarily fund humanitarian action, but do engage in advocacy and other activities around humanitarian issues

» States affected by armed conflict and/or natural disaster; includes refugee host countries

States/Donors

» States, regional states bodies (e.g., European Union, African Union), and/or private donors that provide humanitarian funding through bilateral and/or multilateral methods

Affected States

» States prone to or affected by armed conflict and/or natural disaster; includes refugee host countries

International Organizations (IOs)

» International/multilateral organizations, including United Nations agencies, Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement, etc.

International Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)

» International humanitarian and/or development INGOs

National Civil Society

» National non-governmental organizations (NNGOs)

» National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

» Business forums

» Faith-based associations

» Labor unions

» Community-based organizations (CBOs) and local community groups

Affected Communities

» Individuals, women’s groups, and other groups in communities affected by armed conflict and/or natural disasters

A distinction is made in the Action Plan between “Key Stakeholder Groups” and “Supporting Stakeholder Groups.” Key Stakeholder Groups are those that have primary responsibility for leading and carrying out the Priority Action Areas. Supporting Stakeholder Groups have important secondary roles, such as advocacy, funding, or other relevant workstreams that support completion of the actions. Stakeholder groups can occupy the role of “key” or “supporting,” at different times throughout the Action Plan, depending on their role specific to that workstream.

Key Action Areas

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Internal Institutional Policies | Outcome 1. Humanitarian actors adopt and implement institutional policies and standards to strengthen gender equality, prevent and respond to GBV, and enhance accountability for taking action.
 - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Internal Institutional Policies | Outcome 1. Humanitarian actors adopt and implement institutional policies and standards to strengthen gender equality, prevent and respond to GBV, and enhance accountability for taking action.)

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Inter-Agency Systems | Outcome 2. All levels within the humanitarian architecture promote effective and accountable inter-agency/intersectoral GBV leadership and coordination. - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Inter-Agency Systems | Outcome 2. All levels within the humanitarian architecture promote effective and accountable inter-agency/intersectoral GBV leadership and coordination.)

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Inter-Agency Systems | Outcome 3. Needs assessments, analyses, and planning processes support effective and accountable integration of GBV prevention and response and gender equality into humanitarian response efforts.
 - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Inter-Agency Systems | Outcome 3. Needs assessments, analyses, and planning processes support effective and accountable integration of GBV prevention and response and gender equality into humanitarian response efforts.)

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Internal Institutional Policies | Outcome 4. Funding is available for GBV prevention and response for each phase of an emergency, from
preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development. - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Internal Institutional Policies | Outcome 4. Funding is available for GBV prevention and response for each phase of an emergency, from preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development.)

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Implementation | Outcome 5. Specialized GBV prevention and response services are implemented in each phase of an emergency,
from preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development.
 - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Implementation | Outcome 5. Specialized GBV prevention and response services are implemented in each phase of an emergency, from preparedness and crisis onset through transition to development.)

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Implementation | Outcome 6. Those managing and leading humanitarian operations have and apply the knowledge and skills needed
to foster gender equality and reduce and mitigate GBV risk.
 - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Pathway: Implementation | Outcome 6. Those managing and leading humanitarian operations have and apply the knowledge and skills needed to foster gender equality and reduce and mitigate GBV risk.)

Notes:
[Key Action Area 3-2] Methodologies should be flexible for different contexts and will include best practices in developing the questions and undertaking assessments, the deployment of GBV technical experts, engagement with affected populations and local women’s groups, etc.
[Key Action Area 6-1] This action does not suggest creating new tools and resources; rather, it is directly referring to the tools and resources in the revised IASC GBV Guidelines.

 

Date: 09/30/2015 Description: Graphic of table chart for Summary of Indicators and Targets. - State Dept Image

(Graphic of table chart for Summary of Indicators and Targets.)