Global Protracted Refugee Situations (text version of map)

December 7, 2016

   

[graphic version]
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U1458 STATE (HIU)
Unclassified
HUMANITARIAN INFORMATION UNIT
U.S. Department of State
hiu_info@state.gov
http://hiu.state.gov
Sources: UNHCR, UNRWA

Approximately 12 million people lived in protracted refugee situations* around the world at the end of 2015, comprising nearly two-thirds of the global refugee population. A protracted refugee situation exists when 25,000 or more refugees originating from the same country have sought refuge in another country for at least five consecutive years.

*These numbers include people in a refugee-like situation.

This map shows protracted refugee situations in low- and middle-income countries and areas. Movement of refugees between countries [is shown by arrows on map]. Names and boundary representation are not necessarily authoritative.

Countries or areas hosting refugees in protracted situations (data from 2015).

25,000 to 100,000:

ALGERIA
MAURITANIA
LIBERIA
UGANDA
RWANDA
BURUNDI
SERBIA

100,001 to 250,000:

VENEZUELA
ECUADOR
CAMEROON
EGYPT
SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN
IRAQ
INDIA
BANGL.
THAILAND
MALAYSIA

250,001 to 1,000,000:

SYRIA
IRAN
CHINA
CHAD
YEMEN
ETHIOPIA
DEM. REP. OF THE CONGO
KENYA
TANZANIA

More than 1 million:

TURKEY
PAKISTAN
LEBANON
JORDAN
West Bank
Gaza Strip

Countries or areas shown contributing refugees but not hosting refugees in protracted situations.

CROATIA
AFGHAN.
Western Sahara
ERIT.
COTE D’IVOIRE
C.A.R.
SOMALIA
BURMA
SRI LANKA
VIETNAM
COLOMBIA

Ten largest protracted refugee populations in 2015** [bar chart].

Less than 1 million:
Rwandans
Central Africans
Vietnamese
Sudanese
Congolese (D.R.C.)
Colombians
Burmese
Somalis

2 million - 3 million:
Afghans

More than 5 million:
Palestinians

The Sudanese refugees in South Sudan fled conflict in 2011; their situation qualified as protracted in 2016.

Syrian Refugees

The Syrian refugee crisis only became a protracted situation in 2016. Syrian refugees are hosted in countries throughout the world, though the greatest numbers live in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt. **The 4.8 million Syrian refugees are not reflected in the [bar] chart and the 12 million figure above.

Somali Refugees

Somali refugees have fled to Kenya and other neighboring countries in significant waves since the early 1990s. The United States is working with UNHCR and countries in the region to foster durable solutions, including resettling refugees and strengthening protection and assistance programs for those who remain.

Afghan Refugees

Afghan refugees have resided in Pakistan and Iran for almost four decades. The U.S. Government funds assistance programs for Afghan refugees and Pakistani host communities. Over five million Afghan refugees have repatriated from Pakistan and Iran, and over 4,100 Afghan refugees have been resettled from Pakistan to the United States.

Ten oldest protracted refugee populations [timeline].

Circle size [number in parentheses] indicates number of refugee at end of 2015.

1948: Palestinians (5.2 million).
1968: Sudanese in Ethiopia (37,785).
1971: Burundians in Tanzania (106,349).
1975: Sahrawis (from Western Sahara) in Algeria (90,000).
1978: Rwandans in D.R.C. (267,463).
1979: Afghans in Iran & Pakistan (2.5 million); Vietnamese in China (300,896); Iraqis in Iran (28,268).
1980: Congolese (D.R.C) in Burundi & Tanzania (254,811).
1984: Chadians in Sudan (40,000).