International Legal Instruments

Selected International or Regional Instruments That May Relate to Protracted Refugee Situations

• 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

• 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War

• 1950 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

• 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and 1967 Protocol

• 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

• 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

• 1969 African Union Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa

• 1977 Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflict (Protocol 1)

• 1979 The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women

• 1984 Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

• 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees

• 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child

• 1990 African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

• 1993 Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women

• 2006 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

• 2009 African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention)