FY 13: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Gender-Based Violence Prevention Programs with Refugees in Chad, Malaysia, and Uganda (Social Impact, Inc.)

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
October 6, 2014


Evaluation Overview and Key Findings: This performance evaluation examines the effectiveness of gender-based violence (GBV) prevention programming funded by PRM. PRM commissioned Social Impact, Inc. to conduct an external, independent evaluation consisting of a comprehensive desk review and analysis of GBV program reporting by PRM and UNHCR, and field-based evaluations in three countries (Chad, Malaysia, and Uganda) where PRM and UNHCR support GBV prevention programming. The evaluation’s three country reports and final analysis report were finalized in July 2014. This evaluation employed standard rapid appraisal methods of document review, key informant interviews and focus group discussions with beneficiaries, and site visits. The questions explored by the evaluation team centered on the programs’ effectiveness in the following areas:

  • Transforming socio-cultural norms, with an emphasis on empowering women and girls
  • Rebuilding family and community structures and support systems
  • Creating conditions to improve accountability systems
  • Designing effective services and facilities
  • Working with formal and traditional legal systems
  • Assessment, monitoring, and documentation of GBV
  • Engaging men and boys in GBV prevention and response

Some key findings:

  • With respect to primary GBV prevention, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) funded by PRM used a variety of awareness-raising strategies and approaches to target refugee communities and specific population subsets. Overall, they were effectively able to engage with refugee communities.
  • Implementation of GBV response programming was less likely to be in accordance with international standards, and in some cases, basic infrastructure such as medical services or safe houses was inadequate.
  • NGO implementers in the three field evaluations worked closely with refugee community organizations and leadership groups. These partnerships helped to build community capacity and local support structures, and also facilitated both GBV prevention and response. In most cases, referral systems for GBV survivors and GBV response were well established
  • Additional attention must be given in each country to address and counter the harmful effects of traditional norms, particularly those associated with men and boys.

Recommendations for PRM:

  • Maintain the extended funding cycle length for these GBV prevention programs.
  • Support and promote the use of programs such as the Start Awareness Support Action (SASA!), a four-phased intervention in which ideas are introduced to a subset of community members over time via context-sensitive activities and discussions around power.
  • Insist that NGO implementers expand GBV training for program staff and report on accountability measures.
  • Encourage UNHCR and other donors to work with NGO partners and refugee committee leaders to routinely collect confidential feedback from survivors; support NGOs and other implementing partners to expand the use of the GBV Information Management System (GBVIMS) in their countries of operation.
  • Continue to support local legal systems by funding awareness-raising activities for legal services, encourage capacity building and female recruitment among local law enforcement, and work with UNHCR to address backlog in GBV cases.
  • Develop an internal results-based management system, disseminate required GBV M&E methodologies and tools to NGO implementers, and support NGO implementers and PRM Regional Refugee Coordinators to build capacity in required M&E methodologies.
  • Require new GBV programs to develop specific and measurable objectives using the required M&E methodologies.

PRM GBV Evaluation Action Plan

Links to Evaluation Reports
-04/16/14 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Gender-Based Violence Prevention Programs With Refugees in Chad, Malaysia, and Uganda [1900 Kb]
-01/15/14 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Gender-Based Violence Prevention Programs With Refugees in Chad [2742 Kb]
-10/11/13 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Gender-Based Violence Prevention Programs With Refugees in Uganda [2657 Kb]
-07/26/13 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Gender-Based Violence Prevention Programs With Refugees in Malaysia [1847 Kb]