Stopping Human Trafficking, Sexual Exploitation, and Abuse by International Peacekeepers & Civilian Personnel

Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

As required by law, this section summarizes actions taken by the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) to prevent trafficking in persons or the exploitation of victims of trafficking.


United Nations



Total Number of Peacekeeping and Support Personnel




Total Number of Missions




Prevention Policy

“Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse” (SEA) (2003)

“Code of Conduct for Staff and Mission Members”

“NATO Policy on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings” (2004 and 2007)

Lead Office Responsible for Implementation

Office of Field Support

Office of Human Resources

NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy Division (PASP)

Prevention Training

Pre-deployment and at mission, including a new E-learning program


Pre-deployment and at mission

“NATO Guidance for the development of training and educational programmes to support the policy on combating the trafficking in human beings” (2004)

Number of Allegations in 2016

165 [civilian (68), military (93), police (7)]

103 allegations were reported against personnel of 14 UN peacekeeping and special political missions. The majority of the allegations were in the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo. There were 62 allegations reported against UN staff members and related personnel not associated with peacekeeping operations and special political missions as well as against non-UN forces under a Security Council Mandate.

46% of the total allegations involved child victims under 18 years of age.

No reported allegations

No reported allegations – NATO relies on contributing countries to report allegations.

New Initiatives

The new UN Secretary General released a four-pronged strategy to improve the UN’s system-wide response to sexual exploitation and abuse (A/71/818).

Implementation is underway for a model complaint mechanism for complainants and victims.

A Trust Fund in Support of Victims of SEA has been created and terms of reference developed. Member states have agreed to transfer of payments withheld for confirmed SEA cases by UN personnel to the Trust Fund mentioned above.


Links for Additional Information