On November 14-15, 2019, Romania hosted a meeting of the Warsaw Process Working Group on Missile Proliferation, which was co-chaired by Poland, Romania, and the United States.  In furtherance of the discussions initiated at the Ministerial to Promote a Future of Peace and Security in the Middle East in February 2019, the working group on Missile Proliferation considered the issue of missile proliferation in the Middle East and explored practical steps that states in the region and around the world can take to address this important issue.

The Missile Proliferation Working Group discussed dangerous trends associated with the proliferation of missile-related goods and technologies in the Middle East and resulting contribution to regional instability.

Working group members collectively recognized that halting the proliferation of missiles and related technology associated with such trends in the region is essential and requires broad international cooperation.  In particular, participants noted that states must work together to support such efforts.  This is particularly relevant for states that are potential sources of or transit hubs for missile proliferation sensitive technologies and raw materials, including to non-state actors.

Working group participants recognized the urgent need, as per United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (UNSCR 1540), for all States to take effective measures to prevent illicit trafficking in nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, their means of delivery, and related materials from threatening international peace and security. In this context, there was discussion on the establishment of an effectively verifiable Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction, nuclear, chemical and biological, and their delivery systems. Participants also discussed transparency and confidence-building measures intended to curb missile proliferation worldwide, and discussed in this regard the Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC).

Working group representatives noted the need to consider these issues further and, where possible in their national capacities, undertake actions to meet the security challenges presented by missile proliferation in the Middle East.

The following countries contributed to the working group summary statement:

  1. Australia
  2. Albania
  3. Austria
  4. Bahrain
  5. Belgium
  6. Brazil
  7. Bulgaria
  8. Cyprus
  9. Czech Republic
  10. Denmark
  11. Egypt
  12. Georgia
  13. Germany
  14. Greece
  15. Hungary
  16. Israel
  17. Italy
  18. Japan
  19. Jordan
  20. Kuwait
  21. Latvia
  22. Lithuania
  23. Morocco
  24. The Netherlands
  25. Poland
  26. Qatar
  27. The Republic of Korea
  28. Romania
  29. Saudi Arabia
  30. Slovakia
  31. Spain
  32. The United Arab Emirates
  33. The United Kingdom
  34. The United States of America
  35. Tunisia

U.S. Department of State

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