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Manuel Munoz-Ortiz (Deceased)

Also known as “Ivan RIOS”
Date of Birth:
Place of Birth: San Francisco, Putumayo, Colombia
Height: Unknown, Weight: Unknown
Eyes: Brown, Hair: Black

Manuel MUNOZ-Ortiz, also known as “Ivan RIOS” was a Secretariat Member since November 2003. Previously, he had been an Estado Mayor Member and Advisor for the Magdalena Medio Bloc where he oversaw cocaine and cocaine paste production. He set the FARC’s cocaine policies directing and controlling (i) the production, manufacture, and distribution of hundreds of tons of cocaine to the United States and the world; (ii) the “taxation” of the drug trade in Colombia to raise funds for the FARC; and, (iii) the murder of hundreds of people who violated or interfered with the FARC’s cocaine policies. According to news reports, Munoz-Ortiz was killed by members of the FARC on Friday, March 7, 2008.

U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future