Declaration of Mexico on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials (CIFTA)
CONFERENCE OF THE STATES PARTIES OF THE
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST THE ILLICIT
MANUFACTURING OF AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS,
AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES, AND OTHER RELATED MATERIALS
FOURTH CONFERENCE OF THE
STATES PARTIES OF THE CIFTA
April 4 and 5, 2018
Mexico City, Mexico
CIFTA/CEP-IV/doc.5/18 rev. 2
4 April 2018
DECLARATION ON THE OCCASION OF THE
TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE CIFTA
Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Manufacturing of
and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials
(Declaration of Mexico)
(Adopted at the first plenary session, held on April 4, 2018)
The States Parties of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and other Related Materials (CIFTA), meeting in Mexico City on April 4 and 5, 2018, at the Fourth Conference of the States Parties of the Convention;
EMPHASIZING that the illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials contributes to generating many forms of crime and violence in the Hemisphere, with high human, social, and economic costs;
RECALLING that the Declaration on Security in the Americas (2003) emphasized that the security of the states in the Hemisphere is affected by new threats, concerns, and other challenges, such as the illicit trafficking in firearms;
REAFFIRMING the resolution entitled “Advancing Hemispheric Security: A Multidimensional Approach,” adopted by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) in June 2017, at its forty-seventh regular session;
RECALLING that the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development sets as one of its Goals that of significantly reducing illicit arms flows by 2030;
CONVINCED that the illicit manufacturing, trafficking, and diversion of firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, when used by transnational organized criminal groups, undermine the rule of law, engender violence, and pose a serious danger to the security of persons;
RECOGNIZING that preventing, combating, and eliminating the illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials is a shared responsibility of all the Hemisphere’s states and that, to that end, coordinated action within the framework of international cooperation is required,
- The importance of inviting states that have not yet done so to consider the possibility of signing and ratifying the CIFTA.
- To strive to adopt and implement national legislation in keeping with that instrument; to devise strategies, programs, and action plans to implement it; and to provide the Technical Secretariat of the CIFTA with complete, up-to-date information on the national agency or central point of contact designated by states working to these ends.
- To pledge to adopt effective criminal laws on the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, including new forms of illicit trade, with a view to reducing the risk of illicit trafficking.
- To strengthen coordination to improve periodic exchanges of information, compilation of data, and exchanges of best practices, in order to meet the regional, interregional, and international challenges in this area; and to this end, we will instruct the OAS General Secretariat to continue supporting the States Parties in these efforts.
- To implement the CIFTA by its States Parties and to significantly reduce illicit arms flows in line with target 16.4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- To improve national capacity to compile and analyze data on the illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, in order to advance States Parties’ implementation of the CIFTA and thereby advance progress in meeting target 16.4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- To confirm the commitment to promote periodic cooperation among the designated competent national authorities or national points of contact, as applicable, to improve communication, measures, and strategies related to the marking and tracing of firearms, which facilitates international cooperation against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.
- To encourage the exchange of experiences and information on the use of advanced technology in the illicit manufacture of firearms that could be used by criminal groups.
- To promote necessary measures to prevent and detect illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, through the internet.
- To strengthen preventive and security strategies, programs, and measures, especially those related to marking and recordkeeping of firearms, while assisting the OAS and other relevant international organizations in consolidating a catalogue or compendium, as applicable, of the various methods of marking, in order to promote an exchange of information on the identification and classification of firearms.
- To urge the greater use of international tools and resources such as INTERPOL’s International Reference Tables to assist in the identification and tracing of firearms.
- To instruct the OAS General Secretariat to continue providing, at the request of the States Parties, technical assistance and cooperation for the marking, tracing, recordkeeping, and destruction of firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, as appropriate.
- The importance of compiling and analyzing data related to seized, recovered, or confiscated firearms involved in trafficking and the illicit flows of firearms as a basis for designing national policies and approaches to combat the manufacture of and illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials; in this context, encourage States Parties to prepare national indicators to help in measuring the impact of their efforts.
- To encourage the States Parties to strengthen their alert, detection, and inspection mechanisms for border controls, among others, by intensifying cooperation among law enforcement agencies, customs authorities, importers and exporters of firearms, and other pertinent sectors, to prevent the diversion of and illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.
- To invite the States Parties and international organizations to take into account the analysis of international trends and challenges identified recently by civil society and academia regarding trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.
- To encourage the relevant international and regional organizations, the private sector, industry, nongovernmental organizations, the academic community, and civil society to strengthen their cooperation and work with the States Parties to ensure compliance with the CIFTA, as well as other pertinent international instruments.
- To invite the States Parties to contribute financial resources to the OAS General Secretariat, and specifically to the Department of Public Security and the Department against Transnational Organized Crime, in order to provide the necessary technical assistance to member states that request it, with a view to enabling effective implementation of the CIFTA.
- To consider establishing an OAS voluntary trust fund dedicated to improving the operations and functions of the CIFTA.
- To propose, on the occasion of the Twentieth Anniversary of the CIFTA, proclamation of April 5 as the Inter-American day for countering the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, beginning in 2019.
- To approve the 2018-2022 Course of Action for the Operation and Implementation of the CIFTA.