During 2010, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) established the Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI) to raise extra-budgetary contributions in support of Agency activities that promote the peaceful uses of nuclear technology. The PUI supports implementation of Article IV of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which requires NPT States Parties that are in a position to do so to cooperate in contributing alone or together with other States or international organizations to the further development of the applications of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
Since 2010, the PUI has provided the IAEA with additional flexibility and resources for high priority IAEA Member State projects, including responding to unforeseen challenges on short notice − such as the Ebola and Zika viruses and Fukushima nuclear accident. PUI-supported IAEA projects address areas that include human health, agricultural and livestock productivity, water resource management, food security, protection of the environment, nuclear safety and security, and nuclear power infrastructure development. The projects are administered by the IAEA Departments of Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Sciences and Applications, Technical Cooperation, and Nuclear Safety and Security. More than 150 Member States have now benefited from the PUI.
Since its inception, the U.S. has contributed more than $100 million to the PUI. Providing funding to the PUI allows donors to address real needs in countries around the world, while simultaneously complementing their international assistance priorities and advancing the goals of the NPT. PUI-supported IAEA technical assistance activities are helping globally to achieve sustainable development in concrete ways. States are encouraged to explore with the IAEA Secretariat various projects to which they could contribute through the PUI, and to look for opportunities to partner with other governments on PUI-supported projects. Member States benefiting from the PUI are encouraged to highlight for others the impact of the PUI in advancing their national goals.
For additional information about the PUI, please read our [675 KB], view the IAEA’s PUI video , and visit the IAEA’s website at: .
U.S. Supports Animal Health and Productivity
The IAEA helps countries apply nuclear technology to combat animal disease and increase animal productivity. Over $8.4 million in U.S. PUI funds have supported such IAEA efforts in developing countries.
IAEA Promotes Food Security and Agricultural Productivity
Over $6.0 million in U.S. PUI funds have helped the IAEA promote food security and agricultural productivity by improving crop yields, reducing food spoilage, and eradicating disease-carrying insects.
New IAEA Nuclear Applications Labs
The IAEA’s Nuclear Applications Laboratories help Member States respond to agricultural, health, and environmental challenges. The U.S. has contributed over $18.3 million, including over $2.5 million in PUI funds, to the Agency’s project to renovate the labs.
IAEA Fights Cancer Around the World
The IAEA assists countries in assessing and strengthening their national capabilities to detect and treat cancer. About $7.9 million in U.S. PUI funds have supported IAEA cancer-related efforts.
IAEA Helps Scientists Understand Ocean Acidification
The U.S. provided financial support that helped establish the IAEA’s Ocean Acidification International Coordination Center in Monaco. Over $7.9 million in PUI funds have supported IAEA efforts on ocean and marine issues.