U.S. Relations With North Macedonia
U.S.-NORTH MACEDONIA RELATIONS
North Macedonia and the United States enjoy a cooperative relationship across a broad range of political, economic, cultural, military, and social issues. The two have had good bilateral relations since North Macedonia gained its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. The United States formally recognized North Macedonia in 1994, and the countries established full diplomatic relations in 1995. The United States strongly supports North Macedonia's aspirations for full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions and is committed to helping North Macedonia strengthen rule of law; improve education; promote media freedom; and build greater democratic foundations in a full, inclusive multi-ethnic society.
The United States and its European allies acted swiftly to mediate an end to the 2001 civil conflict in North Macedonia, which grew from ethnic tensions, and closely supported the government and major parties' successful efforts to forge a peaceful, political solution to the crisis through the Ohrid Framework Agreement. In partnership with the European Union and other international organizations active in North Macedonia, the United States continues to facilitate the Government of North Macedonia’s implementation of the Framework Agreement and fostering long-term peace and stability in the country.
For the text of the 2008 bilateral Declaration of Strategic Partnership and Cooperation, please see http://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/104441.htm.
U.S. Assistance to North Macedonia
U.S. Government assistance to North Macedonia focuses on facilitating North Macedonia’s continued development on the path toward full integration into the Euro-Atlantic community and assisting the Government of North Macedonia’s efforts to sustain economic and democratic reforms to build stability and prosperity.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States supports North Macedonia's transition to a market-oriented economy. North Macedonia has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 2003, and has negotiated free trade agreements with many of its neighbors. In 2016, total trade between North Macedonia and the United States was over $276 million, nearly 18% more than in 2015. U.S. electrical machinery and equipment have been particularly attractive to importers in North Macedonia. Principal exports to the United States are tobacco, apparel, iron, and steel.
North Macedonia's Membership in International Organizations
North Macedonia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Adriatic Charter, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Macedonia seeks to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is an official candidate country for the European Union. Macedonia joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 1995, and commenced its Membership Action Plan in 1999. On February 6, 2019, NATO Allies signed North Macedonia’s NATO Accession Protocol and ratification continues in Allied capitals. North Macedonia continues to make important contributions to regional stability, including by supporting the logistical supply of NATO (including U.S.) peacekeepers in Kosovo. North Macedonia also participated in OIF and ISAF and currently participates in RSM, the EU Althea Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the UN's observer mission in Lebanon.
North Macedonia has been an official candidate for accession to the European Union since 2005. At its June 2018 summit, the European Council set out the path towards opening accession negotiations with North Macedonia in June 2019, contingent upon North Macedonia's further progress in implementing key reforms.
North Macedonia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2129 Wyoming Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: (202) 667-0501).
More information about North Macedonia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State North Macedonia Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook North Macedonia Page
USAID North Macedonia Page
History of U.S. Relations With North Macedonia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Yugoslavia (Former))