U.S. Relations With Macedonia
Macedonia and the United States enjoy a cooperative relationship across a broad range of political, economic, cultural, military, and social issues. The two have had good bilateral relations since Macedonia gained its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. The United States formally recognized Macedonia in 1994, and the countries established full diplomatic relations in 1995. In November 2004, the United States recognized the country under its constitutional name: the Republic of Macedonia. The United States strongly supports Macedonia's aspirations for full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions and is committed to helping Macedonia strengthen rule of law; improve education; promote media freedom; and build greater democratic foundations in a full, inclusive multi-ethnic society.
The United States and its European allies acted swiftly to mediate an end to the 2001 civil conflict in Macedonia, which grew from ethnic tensions, and closely supported the government and major parties' successful efforts to forge a peaceful, political solution to the crisis through the Ohrid Framework Agreement. In partnership with the European Union and other international organizations active in Macedonia, the United States continues to facilitate the Macedonian Government's implementation of the Framework Agreement and fostering long-term peace and stability in the country.
For the text of the 2008 bilateral Declaration of Strategic Partnership and Cooperation, please see http://2001-2009.state.gov/p/eur/rls/or/104441.htm.
U.S. Assistance to Macedonia
U.S. Government assistance to Macedonia focuses on facilitating Macedonia’s continued development on the path toward full integration into the Euro-Atlantic community and assisting the Macedonian Government’s efforts to sustain economic and democratic reforms to build stability and prosperity.
Bilateral Economic Relations
The United States supports Macedonia's transition to a market-oriented economy. Macedonia has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 2003, and has negotiated free trade agreements with many of its neighbors. In 2016, total trade between Macedonia and the United States was over $276 million, nearly 18% more than in 2015. U.S. electrical machinery and equipment have been particularly attractive to Macedonian importers. Principal Macedonian exports to the United States are tobacco, apparel, iron, and steel.
Macedonia's Membership in International Organizations
Macedonia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Adriatic Charter, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Macedonia seeks to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is a candidate country for the European Union. Macedonia joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace in 1995, and commenced its Membership Action Plan in 1999. In 2008, NATO Allies determined that Macedonia met NATO membership criteria and undertook to invite Macedonia to join NATO as soon as a solution is reached to the naming dispute with NATO member Greece. This decision has been reiterated at subsequent NATO Summits. Macedonia continues to make an important contribution to regional stability by supporting the logistical supply of NATO (including U.S.) peacekeepers in Kosovo. Macedonia participated in OIF and ISAF and currently participates in RSM, the EU Althea Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the UN’s observer mission in Lebanon.
Macedonia has been a candidate for accession to the European Union since 2005, but has not yet entered into EU accession negotiations.
Macedonia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2129 Wyoming Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: (202) 667-0501).
More information about Macedonia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Macedonia Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Macedonia Page
USAID Macedonia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Macedonia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Yugoslavia (Former))