U.S. Relations With Tanzania
More information about Tanzania is available on the Tanzania Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Tanzania (then-Tanganyika) in 1961. The United States and Tanzania have an established partnership characterized by mutual respect and aspirations for a more peaceful and prosperous future. John Magufuli became Tanzania’s fifth President in a peaceful transition of power in 2015. However, the annulment of parallel elections in the semi-autonomous Zanzibar archipelago and a subsequent 2016 election re-run that was neither inclusive nor representative led to a political crisis that strained relations with the United States and other international partners. President Magufuli’s administration focuses on curbing corruption and government inaction, as well as development through industrialization. Tanzania is experiencing a shrinking of democratic space and the United States has publicly expressed concern about the rise in politically-related confrontations and violence. The United States remains committed to strengthening democracy in Tanzania and working with Tanzanians on women’s and children’s health, HIV/AIDS, nutrition and food security, economic growth, energy, sustainable development, and security.
Several exchange programs welcome Tanzanians to the United States, including through the Fulbright Program, Hubert Humphrey Fellowship, and Young African Leaders Initiative, amongst others. Short term exchanges, small grants, and other public outreach programs support the development of artists, journalists, writers, civil servants, young leaders, musicians, and students. The Ambassador's Fund for Cultural Preservation program has provided funding for several restoration projects since 2002, including the historic ruins at Kilwa Kisiwani and two mosques and an Anglican Church in Zanzibar.
U.S. Assistance to Tanzania
The United States, through numerous presidential initiatives and U.S. agencies, has provided development and other assistance to Tanzania for capacity building to address health and education issues, encourage democratic governance, promote broad-based economic growth, and advance regional and domestic security to sustain progress.
- The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) administered by the Department of State supports national, international, and civil society organizations in Tanzania in the areas of HIV and AIDS care and treatment, prevention, impact mitigation, and health systems strengthening.
- The President’s Malaria Initiative is an expansion of U.S. Government resources to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality in 19 African countries, including Tanzania.
- U.S. government investments in health leverage the expertise of agencies including the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Department of Defense to address global health security, training and capacity building for healthcare workers, and priority areas including HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, family planning, nutrition, malaria, and tuberculosis.
- USAID provides funding to promote early grade reading, provide teacher training and quality teaching and learning materials, increase school enrollment and retention among adolescent girls, and improve community perceptions about the value of educating girls.
- Peace Corps volunteers serve in Tanzania as math and science teachers in secondary schools, teacher trainers in information and communication technology, leaders of health education projects that increase basic health knowledge and improve health attitudes and behaviors, and leaders of environmental projects addressing basic village-level needs for sustaining natural resources.
- To promote effective, democratic governance, the United States government through the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) supports civil society and media to provide more accurate and impartial information; strengthens the ability of Tanzanian organizations to monitor, collect, and utilize data for better advocacy; and focuses on greater participation and oversight of elections and political processes.
- In agriculture, USAID funds programs to improve income and nutrition among smallholder farmers by boosting agricultural growth and productivity, promoting market development and trade expansion along with equitable rural economic growth, invest in global innovation and research, and address mother and child malnutrition.
- The Department of State and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services provide assistance to build law enforcement capacity in Tanzania to combat wildlife trafficking. These efforts complement USAID programs in natural resource management that support community-based conservation, sustainable livelihoods through conservation enterprises, and reforms to national environmental policies.
- USAID’s Power Africa initiative is supporting Tanzania’s efforts to advance private-sector energy transactions and help the government adopt and implement the policy and regulatory reforms necessary to attract private investment in the energy and power sectors.
- In 2013 the U.S. government’s Millennium Challenge Corporation completed a five-year compact which addressed critical transport, energy, and water infrastructure needs. Process towards a second Compact was halted in early 2016 following the Zanzibar election annulment and other governance concerns.
Tanzania is a key partner with the United States in East Africa, promoting peace and regional stability. The U.S. remains committed to supporting Tanzania through the professional development of Tanzania Peoples Defence Forces (TPDF), partnerships in enhancing maritime domain awareness, readiness assistance for UN peacekeepers deployed throughout the continent, and assistance to security forces countering the trafficking of illicit goods.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Agricultural commodities, minerals, and textiles dominate Tanzania's exports to the United States while imports from the United States include wheat, agricultural/transport equipment, chemicals, used clothes, and machinery. Tanzania is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.
Tanzania's Membership in International Organizations
Tanzania belongs to a number of international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Tanzania is also a member of the East African Community and the Southern African Development Community.
Tanzania maintains an embassy in the United States at 1232 22nd St NW, Washington, DC 20037 (tel. 202-884-1080).
More information about Tanzania is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Tanzania Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Tanzania Page
USAID Tanzania Page
History of U.S. Relations With Tanzania
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Tanzania