U.S. Relations With India

Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
Fact Sheet
August 15, 2018

More information about India is available on the India Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


Our relationship is rooted in common values, including the rule of law, respect for diversity, and democratic government. We have a shared interest in promoting global security, stability, and economic prosperity through trade, investment, and connectivity. The United States supports India’s emergence as a leading global power and a key partner in our efforts to ensure that the Indo-Pacific is a region of peace, stability, and growing prosperity. On September 6, 2018, India will host Secretary Pompeo and Secretary Mattis for the inaugural 2+2 ministerial dialogue in New Delhi. This engagement will support increased diplomatic, security, and military cooperation to confront pressing global challenges, including the threat of terrorism. The strong people-to-people ties between our countries and our common values are a tremendous source of strength for our partnership.

Bilateral Economic Relations

The United States seeks to expand trade in a relationship that is open and fair with a level playing field on both sides. Bilateral trade increased by $12 billion in 2017, to $126.1 billion, and two-way investment to $45 billion. Since October 2018, Indian petroleum companies have placed orders for near 12 million barrels of crude oil from the United States with a value of approximately $580 million. The total number of Indian students in the United States has more than doubled over the last decade, from 81,000 in 2008 to 186,000 in 2017. Last year Indian students in U.S. colleges and universities contributed $6.54 billion to the U.S. economy.

India's Membership in International Organizations

India and the United States share membership in a variety of international organizations, including the United Nations, G-20, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. The United States supports a reformed UN Security Council that includes India as a permanent member. India is an ASEAN dialogue partner, an Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development partner under its Enhanced Engagement program, and an observer to the Organization of American States. India is also a member of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), of which the United States is a dialogue partner.

Bilateral Representation

Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed on the embassy website and in the Department's Key Officers List.

India maintains an embassy in the United States at 2107 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel. 202-939-7000).

More information about India is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State India Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook India Page
U.S. Embassy
USAID India Page
CDC India Page
History of U.S. Relations With India

Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel Information