U.S. Relations With Colombia

Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
Fact Sheet
August 14, 2018


More information about Colombia is available on the Colombia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.

U.S.-COLOMBIA RELATIONS

The United States established diplomatic relations with Colombia in 1822, following its independence from Spain. Colombia is a middle-income country and one of the oldest democracies in Latin America. The United States and Colombia share a commitment to promoting security, prosperity and democratic governance in Colombia and across the Western Hemisphere.

With the support of the United States, Colombia has transformed itself over the past 20 years from a fragile state to a vibrant democracy with a growing, market-oriented economy. In 2016, the Government of Colombia signed a peace accord with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), ending more than half a century of conflict. The United States strongly supports Colombia’s efforts to secure the just and lasting peace that the Colombian people deserve, and to make the promise of security and economic opportunity a reality for the Colombian people.

The United States is committed to cooperation with Colombia to undermine the transnational criminal organizations whose activities, especially narcotrafficking, are devastating to the citizens of Colombia and of the United States. Our efforts focus on boosting licit economic opportunities, developing and improving key infrastructure, and confronting criminal activities, including narcotics production. Our partnership includes collaboration on academic, cultural, and sports exchange programs; and social inclusion initiatives that engage African descendant and Indigenous groups in both countries.

U.S. Assistance to Colombia

The U.S. government supports Colombian efforts to transition from conflict towards peace by working in the most conflictive and neglected rural areas of Colombia, where violence, the lack of government presence, and the absence of licit economic opportunities have historically converged. U.S. programs include support for Colombian government initiatives: implementation of Colombian government land reforms; support and protection for vulnerable populations; greater educational opportunities, public and private investments; reintegration of ex-combatants; and respect for human rights, social inclusion and the rule of law.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Colombia is an important trade partner for the United States, underscored by the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement (CTPA) that has supported economic growth and employment opportunities in both countries. The CTPA aims to improve the investment environment, eliminate tariffs and other barriers to U.S. exports and expand trade. Primary U.S. exports to Colombia include oil, machinery, agricultural products, and organic chemicals. Primary U.S. imports from Colombia include crude oil, gold, coffee, and cut flowers. Approximately 250 U.S. businesses conduct operations in Colombia. U.S. direct investment in Colombia is primarily concentrated in the mining and manufacturing sectors.

The United States and Colombia have signed agreements on trade, environmental protection, asset sharing, chemical control, ship-boarding, renewable and clean energy, science and technology, and civil aviation.

Colombia's Membership in International Organizations

Colombia and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Colombia is pursuing accession into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Bilateral Representation

Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Colombia maintains an embassy in the United States at 1724 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036.

More information about Colombia is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Colombia Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Colombia Page
U.S. Embassy
USAID Colombia Page
History of U.S. Relations With Colombia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel Information