U.S. Relations With Peru

Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
Fact Sheet
April 2, 2018

More information about Peru is available on the Peru Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Peru in 1827 following Peru’s independence from Spain. The United States and Peru enjoy a strategic partnership based on the shared values and interests of democracy, security, mutually beneficial trade, and human rights. The United States partners with Peru to support democratic governance, economic growth based on free trade and open markets, and promotion of security and stability. As then-Secretary Tillerson said, “The United States and Peru have a very longstanding relationship. It’s really built on the shared values of democracy and prosperity for our people.”

U.S. Assistance to Peru

The United States and Peru have a strong law enforcement and security relationship. The Peruvian government continues to demonstrate a commitment to fighting transnational criminal networks. U.S. assistance promotes these objectives through bilateral programs that support Peru’s counternarcotics and alternative development efforts, advance social and economic inclusion, improve governance, and strengthen basic education.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Economic and commercial ties have deepened with the 2009 entry into force of the U.S.- Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA), a cornerstone of the bilateral relationship. The PTPA sets high standards for both countries on market access, investment safeguards, intellectual property rights, and environmental and labor-rights protections. Two-way trade in goods between the United States and Peru has increased from $9.1 billion in 2009 to $14.3 billion in 2016, driving growth and employment in both countries. Two-way agricultural trade more than doubled since implementation of the PTPA, from $1.3 billion in 2009 to $3.3 billion in 2016. U.S. food and agricultural exports to Peru grew from $530 million in 2009 to more than $1 billion in 2016. The number of U.S. citizen visitors to Peru increased 40 percent in the last five years, and now exceeds 525,000 per year.

Peru's Membership in International Organizations

Peru and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization of American States, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.

Bilateral Representation

Principal U.S. embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Peru maintains an embassy in the United States at 1700 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036; tel. (202) 833-9860.

More information about Peru is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Peru Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Peru Page
U.S. Embassy
USAID Peru Page
History of U.S. Relations With Peru
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Peru
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel Information