U.S. Relations With Yemen
More information about Bahrain is available on the Yemen Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with North Yemen in 1946 and South Yemen in 1967. The North had previously been part of the Ottoman Empire, and the South had been ruled by the United Kingdom. The Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) severed relations with the United States on June 7, 1967 in the wake of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Diplomatic relations were reestablished in July 1972 after a visit to Sana’a by U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers. The U.S. embassy in Aden closed when the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen severed diplomatic relations with the United States on October 24, 1969. In 1970, the People’s Republic of Southern Yemen changed its name to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and on April 30, 1990, the United States resumed diplomatic relations with the country. The Yemen Arab Republic and the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen unified under the Republic of Yemen in 1990. In 1994 civil war broke out in Yemen over North-South contentions and the country continues to struggle with issues over unification. After reunification Yemen elected Ali Abdullah Saleh, former president of the Yemen Arab Republic, to lead the country.
Demonstrations against former president Saleh in early 2011 led him to step down in November 2011 through a Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-brokered initiative, and in February 2012, Abdo Rabo Mansour Hadi was elected as president for a two year transition period.
Yemen’s peaceful political transition was interrupted in the fall of 2014 when the Houthi militant groups allied with forces loyal to ex-President Ali Abdallah Saleh entered the capital, and subsequently seized control of government institutions – sending the Hadi government into exile in Saudi Arabia. A Saudi-led Coalition of ten member states initiated an air-campaign in March 2015. The country remains deeply divided, with pockets of violent conflict ongoing. The Houthi-Saleh coalition continues to control much of the north-west, including the capital. Meanwhile, the Yemeni government has re-established an intermittent presence in the southern port-city of Aden.
U.S. Embassy Sanaa suspended operations in February 2015. The U.S. Ambassador to Yemen is Matthew H. Tueller, who leads the Yemen Affairs Unit located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, through which we maintain our diplomatic engagement with the Yemeni government.
Yemen maintains an embassy in the United States at 2319 Wyoming Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: 202-965-4760).
U.S. Assistance to Yemen
The ongoing conflict exacerbated already high levels of need in Yemen, pushing the country into a humanitarian crisis. The UN estimates that 18.8 million people, or 69% of the entire population, are in need of humanitarian assistance, more than any other single country today.
The U.S. government provided $327 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen in FY 2016. Through USAID and the Bureau for Population Refugees and Migration, the US Government supports interventions including emergency food assistance, medical treatment and vaccination support for children, emergency obstetric services for women, blankets and household goods for displaced families, and hygiene kits and water treatment supplies to reduce the spread of disease.
USAID also supports a small number of health, education, and livelihoods early recovery assistance activities seek to help households and social service delivery systems cope with the effects of the conflict and prepare for the post-conflict recovery. However, the insecure operating environment continues to limit development programming.
More information about Yemen is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Yemen Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Yemen Page
USAID Yemen Page
History of U.S. Relations With Yemen
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page