U.S. Relations With Moldova
More information about Moldova is available on the Moldova Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the United States recognized the independence of Moldova on December 25, 1991 and opened an Embassy in its capital, Chisinau, in March 1992. The United States supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova and on that basis supports the 5+2 negotiations to find a comprehensive settlement that will provide a special status for the separatist region of Transnistria within a territorially whole and sovereign Moldova.
U.S. Assistance to Moldova
U.S. government assistance aims to help Moldova strengthen its democratic institutions, increase prosperity, secure its internationally recognized borders, and integrate with Europe and the Western community. Since 1992, the United States has provided over $1.5 billion in assistance to Moldova. Moldova’s $262 million, 5-year Millennium Challenge Corporation compact for economic development and investment projects in irrigation infrastructure, high-value agricultural production, and road rehabilitation ended in 2015. More details on Moldova’s MCC compact are available here.
Bilateral Economic Relations
As a country with a small market, Moldova benefits from liberalized trade and investment and wants to promote the export of its goods and services. A U.S.-Moldovan trade agreement providing reciprocal most-favored-nation tariff treatment took effect in 1992. An Overseas Private Investment Corporation agreement was signed in 1992, encouraging U.S. private investment in Moldova through direct loans and loan guarantees. A bilateral investment treaty was signed in 1993. The United States granted Moldova generalized system of preferences status in 1995, and some Eximbank coverage became available the same year.
Moldova's Membership in International Organizations
Moldova is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Partnership for Peace program among others. The current Government of Moldova seeks closer integration with Europe. Moldova signed an Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA), on June 27, 2014 and ratified the Agreement on July 2, 2014. The EU lifted the visa requirement for Moldovan citizens (holders of biometric passports) on April 28, 2014 (for travel up to three months).
Moldova maintains an embassy in the United States at 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: 202-667-1130; fax 202-667-1204).
More information about Moldova is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Moldova Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Moldova Page
USAID Moldova Page
History of U.S. Relations With Moldova
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Investment Climate Statements
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Moldova
Library of Congress Country Studies