U.S. Relations With Togo
More information about Togo is available on the Togo Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Togo in 1960 following its independence from a French-administered trusteeship. Several coups and assassinations took place between 1960 and 1967, culminating with a coup in 1967 by General Gnassingbe Eyadema who then ruled until 2005. The current president, Faure Gnassingbe, is Eyadema’s son. While he came to power in flawed elections in 2005, under his rule Togo has demonstrated gradual democratic improvement, holding legislative elections in 2013 and a presidential vote in 2015 that were deemed credible by the international community. Today Togo is benefitting from economic growth, gradual democratic reform leading to greater transparency, and a steady professionalization of its security sector, due in part to U.S. assistance. The United States and Togo have had generally good relations, and the United States seeks to work with Togo to consolidate democratic gains and economic growth.
U.S. Assistance to Togo
In fiscal year 2015, the United States provided $13.5 million in assistance to Togo, including $6 million in health funding and $0.3 million in international military education and training aid. Although USAID does not have a Mission in Togo, a handful of regionally and centrally managed program activities are present. USAID regional program activities occurring in Togo are managed by the USAID West Africa Regional Mission located in Accra, Ghana and include approximately $2 million a year for family planning and $1 million a year for HIV/AIDS prevention and care programs.
The Peace Corps established its presence in Togo in 1962 and has 84 volunteers in the field, working primarily in on projects in agriculture, education, and health. Togo made significant efforts to maritime and regional security, in particular it contributed over 1,200 troops to United Nations Peacekeeping Operations. Togo was declared eligible for the MCC Threshold program in 2015 and they are currently in the program development review process which is expected to be completed in the Fall of 2017.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Togo has a market-oriented economy, and the country is eligible for preferential trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act. Togo will be hosting the 2017 Africa Growth and Opportunity Act Forum. The United States has a significant trade surplus with Togo. U.S. exports to Togo include fuel oil, vehicles, petroleum products machinery and food products, while U.S. imports from Togo include cocoa and coffee. Togo's export processing zone, established with U.S. Government support, has attracted private investors interested in manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and food processing, primarily for the export market. A 100-megawatt power plant is among the largest electricity investments in Togo and one of the largest single private U.S. investments in West Africa. The two countries have signed a treaty on investment and economic relations. The United States also has a trade and investment framework agreement with the West African Economic and Monetary Union, of which Togo is a member. Togo is working with the United States and other development partners to improve the investment climate and commercial infrastructure. Togo has the deepest port on the west coast of Africa. The government is working to expand the port and road network to make Togo a better option for regional transshipment.
Togo's Membership in International Organizations
Togo and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.
Togo maintains an embassy in the United States at 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008; tel: (202) 234-4212.
More information about Togo is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Togo Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Togo Page
History of U.S. Relations With Togo
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Country Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Togo