U.S. Relations With Iraq

Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
Fact Sheet
July 31, 2018

More information about Iraq is available on the Iraq Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The U.S. Mission in Iraq remains dedicated to building a strategic partnership with Iraq and the Iraqi people. In coordination with the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, the United States assisted Iraq’s efforts to achieve the December 2017 milestone of liberating all of Iraqi territory from ISIS. Following the territorial defeat of ISIS in Iraq, the United States is supporting the stabilization of liberated areas as Iraq continues to develop as a sovereign, stable, and self-reliant country. Iraq is now a key partner for the United States in the region as well as a voice of moderation and democracy in the Middle East. Iraq has functioning government institutions, including an active legislature, and plays an increasingly constructive role in the region. The United States maintains vigorous and broad engagement with Iraq on diplomatic, political, economic, and security issues in accordance with the U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework Agreement.

The Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA) between Iraq and the United States provides the basis for the U.S.-Iraq bilateral relationship. It covers the range of bilateral issues including political relations and diplomacy, defense and security, trade and finance, energy, judicial and law enforcement issues, services, science, culture, education, and environment. Efforts to implement the SFA are overseen by the Higher Coordinating Committee and several Joint Coordination Committees, which meet periodically.

U.S. Assistance to Iraq

U.S. bilateral economic assistance to Iraq currently focuses on economic reform, assistance to vulnerable groups, and democracy and governance. We continue to help build the capacity of Iraq’s civil society organizations and elected representatives. U.S. bilateral assistance aims to preserve the strategic, political, and economic importance of the U.S.-Iraq partnership in a changing Middle East region. Since 2014, the United States has contributed $1.7 billion in humanitarian aid to conflict-affected and displaced Iraqis in the region.

U.S. security assistance supports the development of a modern, accountable, fiscally sustainable, and professional Iraqi military capable of defending Iraq and its borders. U.S. security assistance programs also promote civilian oversight of the military, adherence to the rule of law, and the respect for human rights, while simultaneously increasing the Iraqi military’s capability to respond to threats and conduct counter-terrorism operations. Embassy Baghdad maintains the Office of Security Cooperation – Iraq to further these goals and to facilitate Iraq’s role as a responsible security partner, contributing to the peace and security of the region.

Bilateral Economic Relations

The Iraqi government has stated its desire to transition from a centrally run economy to one that is more market-oriented, though progress has been slow and uneven. Iraq is gradually deepening its trade with the international community; however, it has had only limited success in expanding its non-oil exports. Turkey is currently Iraq’s largest trading partner. The United States has designated Iraq as a beneficiary developing country under the Generalized System of Preferences program and a number of U.S. companies are active in Iraq, including in the energy, defense, information technology, automotive, and transportation sectors. Two-way trade in 2017 was $11.9 billion, with $1.2 billion in U.S. exports to Iraq and $10.7 billion of Iraqi exports to the United States, almost entirely consisting of crude oil. In the first five months of 2018, U.S. exports totaled $572 million, slightly more than the $507 million in U.S. exports in the first five months of 2017.

Iraq's Membership in International Organizations

Iraq’s re-integration into the international community has been underscored by their cooperation with international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Arab League. Iraq is also a candidate for accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Mission in Iraq is headed by Ambassador Douglas A. Silliman. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Iraq maintains an embassy in the United States at 3421 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007; tel. 202-742-1600.

Information about Iraq is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Iraq Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Iraq Page
U.S. Embassy
USAID Iraq Page
History of U.S. Relations With Iraq
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page
Travel Information