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Albania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Argentina

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Armenia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Australia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Belgium

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Brazil

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Canada

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Chile

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet)

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Hong Kong

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Macau

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Tibet

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Colombia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Crimea

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Croatia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Czech Republic

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Denmark

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Finland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

France

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Georgia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Germany

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ghana

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Greece

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Hungary

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

India

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Indonesia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Iran

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Italy

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Japan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, or gender identity is not prohibited.

Kazakhstan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kosovo

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lebanon

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lithuania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Luxembourg

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Malta

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

The law criminalizes domestic abuse. In July the government amended the criminal code and the Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence Act to strengthen enforcement in cases of gender-based violence and domestic violence and also to ensure representation of persons with disabilities on the Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence Commission.

Mexico

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Morocco

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Nepal

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Netherlands

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

New Zealand

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Nigeria

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Norway

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Pakistan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Philippines

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Poland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Portugal

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Romania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Russia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Serbia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Slovakia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

South Africa

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Spain

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Suriname

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Sweden

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Switzerland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Turkey

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ukraine

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

During the year the OHCHR and human rights groups documented fewer incidents of xenophobic societal violence and discrimination, compared with a spike in these incidents in 2018. Civil society groups remained concerned, however, about the lack of accountability for crimes committed by radical groups in cases documented in 2018. During the year members of such groups committed violent attacks on ethnic minorities (especially Roma), LGBTI persons, feminists, and other individuals they considered to be “un-Ukrainian” or “anti-Ukrainian.” The HRMMU noted that the failure of police and prosecutors to prevent these acts of violence, properly classify them as hate crimes, and effectively investigate and prosecute them created an environment of impunity and lack of justice for victims.

There were continued reports that the government provided grant funds to or cooperated with radical groups. For example, according to monitoring by independent investigative media outlet Bellingcat, during the year the Ministry of Youth and Sport awarded 845,000 hryvnias ($35,000) to groups–such as National Corps and C14 that have committed violence against minorities–to run “national-patriotic education projects” for children.

United Arab Emirates

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

United Kingdom

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Uruguay

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Vietnam

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Human Rights Reports
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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future