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United Kingdom

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

Host Country Statistical Source USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:  BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (M USD) 2018 USD 2,115,000 2017 USD 2,622,000 https://data.worldbank.org/country/united-kingdom  
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical Source USG or International Statistical Source USG or international Source of data:  BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in partner country (M USD, stock positions) 2016 USD 452,000 2017 USD 747,571 BEA data available at www.bea.gov/international/factsheet   /
Host country’s FDI in the United States (M USD, stock positions) 2016 USD 329,200 2017 USD 614,865 https://www.selectusa.gov/country-fact-sheet/United-Kingdom  
Total inbound stock of FDI as percent host GDP 2016 17.7 percent 2018 66.80 percent UNCTAD data available at

https://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World percent20Investment percent20Report/Country-Fact-Sheets.aspx  


Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (GBP Pounds, Billions)
Inward Direct Investment 2017 Outward Direct Investment 2017
Total Inward $1,336.5 Proportion Total Outward $1,313.3 Proportion
USA $351 26.3 percent USA $258 19.6 percent
Netherlands $228 17.1 percent Netherlands $1532 11.7 percent
Luxembourg $116 8.7 percent Luxembourg $112 8.5 percent
Japan $78 5.8 percent France $79 6.0 percent
Germany $64 4.8 percent Spain $71 5.4 percent

Notes:

The UK Department for International Trade Core Statistics Book denominates these figures in GBP. Due to a volatile GBP/USD exchange rate in 2018, Post has decided to leave the numbers in their denominated currency as to maintain the highest accuracy.

The current fourth ranking for Inward Direct Investment is the UK offshore island of Jersey, a self-governing dependency of the United Kingdom. However, we have chosen to focus here on country-to-country FDI only.


Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets
Top Five Partners (Millions, U.S. Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Countries Amount Proportion All Countries Amount Proportion All Countries Amount Proportion
United States $1,150,129 34 percent United States $711,877 37 percent United States $438,252 33 percent
Ireland $246,975 7 percent Ireland $200,933 10 percent France $108,245 8 percent
France $191,416 6 percent Japan $126,848 6 percent Germany $107,224 8 percent
Japan $179,273 5 percent Luxembourg $104,678 5 percent Netherlands $70,922 5 percent
Germany $173,635 5 percent France $83,170 4 percent Japan $52,425 4 percent
Investment Climate Statements
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