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Australia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Austria

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Azerbaijan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bahrain

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bangladesh

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Belgium

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Botswana

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Brazil

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Brunei

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Bulgaria

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Burma

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Cambodia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Canada

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Chile

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet)

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Hong Kong

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Macau

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

China (Includes Hong Kong, Macau, and Tibet) – Tibet

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Croatia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Cyprus

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Cyprus – the Area Administered by Turkish Cypriots

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Czech Republic

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Denmark

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Egypt

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Estonia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Finland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

France

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Georgia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Germany

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ghana

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Greece

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Honduras

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Hungary

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Iceland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

India

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Indonesia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Ireland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Italy

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Japan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, or gender identity is not prohibited.

Jordan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kazakhstan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kenya

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Kuwait

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Latvia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lebanon

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Lithuania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Luxembourg

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Malaysia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Malta

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

The law criminalizes domestic abuse. In July the government amended the criminal code and the Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence Act to strengthen enforcement in cases of gender-based violence and domestic violence and also to ensure representation of persons with disabilities on the Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence Commission.

Mauritius

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mexico

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Mongolia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Morocco

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Namibia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Nepal

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Netherlands

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

New Zealand

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Nicaragua

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Norway

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Oman

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Pakistan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Peru

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Philippines

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Poland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Portugal

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Qatar

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Romania

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Russia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Rwanda

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Samoa

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Saudi Arabia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Serbia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Singapore

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Parliament passed the Criminal Law Reform Act in May. The law has been formally gazetted (published), but implementation was pending as of December. Under the new law, individuals convicted under the Penal Code for any offenses committed against vulnerable victims–children below the age of 14, persons with mental or physical disabilities, and domestic workers–will be liable to up to twice the maximum penalty. The law will abolish marital immunity for rape, expand the definition of rape to make it gender neutral, increase the penalties for offenses committed against unmarried partners, and introduce new criminal offenses for technology-related crimes such as voyeurism. These and other provisions of the new law will significantly change many of the legal provisions reported below.

The Protection from Harassment (Amendment) Act became law in June–implementation was pending as of December–makes doxing an offense and improves judicial procedures for victims of online harassment.

Slovakia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Slovenia

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

South Africa

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

South Korea

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Spain

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Sri Lanka

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Sweden

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Switzerland

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Taiwan

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Thailand

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Turkey

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

United Arab Emirates

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

United Kingdom

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

Vietnam

Section 6. Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons

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U.S. Department of State

The Lessons of 1989: Freedom and Our Future