Central African Republic
Section I. Religious Demography
The U.S. government estimates the total population at 5.7 million (July 2018 estimate). Fifty percent of the population identifies as Christian, 35 percent as belonging to indigenous religions, and the remaining 15 percent as Muslim. Some Christians and Muslims incorporate aspects of indigenous religions in their religious practices.
In the central and southern regions of the country, Roman Catholicism and Islam are the dominant religions. In Bangui, there are two neighborhoods, PK5 and PK13, where the majority of the population is Muslim. Some human rights organizations reported a reduction in Bangui’s Muslim population from 100,000 to 20,000, resulting from significant outbreaks of sectarian violence in recent years. The 2014 International Commission of Inquiry on the Central African Republic reported a significant percentage of Muslims had fled to neighboring countries; their return during the year remained a slow process.