13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics
|Host Country Statistical source*||USG or international statistical source||USG or International
Source of Data: BEA; IMF;
Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
|Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD)||2019||$282.318||2018||$298.258||www.worldbank.org/en/country|
|Foreign Direct Investment||Host Country Statistical source*||USG or international statistical source||USG or international
Source of data: BEA; IMF;
Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
|U.S. FDI in partner country (USD billion, stock positions)||2019||$35.46||2019||25.08||BEA data available at
|Host country’s FDI in the United States (USD billion, stock positions)||2019||$13.19||2019||2.9||BEA data available at
|Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP||2019||91.0%||2019||56.6%||UNCTAD data available at
* Source for Host Country Data: Central Bank of Chile.
According to the IMF’s Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS), total stock of FDI in Chile in 2019 amounted to USD 254.3 billion, compared to USD 251.9 billion in 2018. Spain, the United States and Canada are the main sources of FDI to Chile with USD 34.5 billion, USD 34.4 billion and USD 34.2 billion, respectively, concentrating 40.6 percent of the total.
Chile’s outward direct investment stock in 2019 remains concentrated in South America, where Brazil, Peru, Argentina and Colombia together represented 33.4 percent of total Chilean outward FDI. The United States accounted for 9.2 percent of the total.
The data below is consistent with host country statistics. Although not included in the table below, tax havens are relevant sources of inward FDI to Chile, with the Cayman Islands and Bermuda ranking sixth and eighth in inbound sources of FDI, respectively, according to the Central Bank of Chile. The British Virgin Islands and Panama rank sixth and seventh, respectively, among Chile´s main outward FDI destinations.
|Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data|
|From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)|
|Inward Direct Investment||Outward Direct Investment|
|Total Inward||254,252||100%||Total Outward||130,234||100%|
|United States||34,213||13.5%||United States||11,944||9.2%|
|“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.|
According to the IMF’s Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS), total stock of portfolio investment in Chile as of June 2020 amounted to USD 192.1 billion, of which USD 149.9 billion were equity and investment funds shares, and the rest were debt securities. The United States and Luxembourg (a tax haven) were the main sources of portfolio investment to Chile with US $69.3 billion and $54.3 billion, representing 36.1 percent and 28.3 percent of the total, respectively. Both countries also represent 68 percent of the total of equity investment. Ireland, the United Kingdom and Germany are the following top sources of equity portfolio investment to Chile, while the United States, Mexico and Japan are the top sources of debt securities investment.
|Portfolio Investment Assets|
|Top Five Partners (Millions, current US Dollars)|
|Total||Equity Securities||Total Debt Securities|
|All Countries||192,070||100%||All Countries||149,887||100%||All Countries||42,183||100%|
|United States||69,304||36.1%||Luxembourg||54,115||36.1%||United States||21,263||50.4%|
|United Kingdom||7,171||3.7%||United Kingdom||5,756||3.8%||Germany||2,406||5.7%|