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Italy

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

Host Country Statistical Source USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD) 2018 €1,757,000 2017 $1,935,000 www.worldbank.org/en/country  
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical Source USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in partner country ($M USD, stock positions) 2017 $12,203 2017 $30,708 BEA data available at http://bea.gov/international/direct_investment_multinational_companies_comprehensive_data.htm  
Host country’s FDI in the United States ($M USD, stock positions) 2017 $33,430 2017 $35,672 BEA data available at http://bea.gov/international/direct_investment_multinational_companies_comprehensive_data.htm  
Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP 2017 24.8% 2017 21.7% N/A

* Italian GDP data are taken from ISTAT, the official statistics agency.  ISTAT publishes preliminary year end GDP data in early February and issues revised data in early March.  Italian FDI data are from the Bank of Italy and are the latest available; new data are released in May.


Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)
Inward Direct Investment Outward Direct Investment
Total Inward $420,437 100% Total Outward $557,022 100%
Luxembourg $88,638 21% Netherlands $63,550 11%
Netherlands $80,143 19% Luxembourg $47,074 9%
France $70,327 17% Germany $43,195 8%
United Kingdom $53,678 13% United States $40,279 7%
Germany $37,285 9% Spain $36,247 7%
“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.

The 2017 IMF statistics above show Italy’s largest investment partners to be within the European Union and the United States.  This is consistent with Italy being fully integrated with its EU partners and the United States. Note: Foreign direct investment data can vary widely by source, reflecting different definitions used.  End note.


Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets
Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Coun-tries $1,658,786 100% All Countries $1,018,524 100% All Countries $640,262 100%
Luxem-bourg $690,512 42% Luxem-bourg $665,672 65% France $104,049 16%
France $183,100 11% Ireland $131,735 13% Spain $99,870 16%
Ireland $148,185 8% France $79,051 8% United States $93,628 15%
United States $130,736 6% United States $37,108 4% Germany $61,778 10%
Spain $104,489 5% United Kingdom $32,263 3% Nether-lands $48,967 8%

The statistics above show Italy’s largest investment partners to be within the European Union and the United States.  This is consistent with Italy being fully integrated with its EU partners and the United States.

Investment Climate Statements
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