Australia

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

Host Country Statistical Source* USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD) 2018 $1,280,000 2017 $1,320,000 www.worldbank.org/en/country  
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical Source* USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in partner country ($M USD, stock positions) 2017 $132,000 2017 $168,000 http://bea.gov/international/direct_investment_multinational_companies_comprehensive_data.htm  
Host country’s FDI in the United States ($M USD, stock positions) 2017 $83,000 2017 $67,000 http://bea.gov/international/direct_investment_multinational_companies_comprehensive_data.htm  
Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP 2017 10% 2018 48.1% https://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Country-Fact-Sheets.aspx  

*Australian Bureau of Statistics, based on most recently available data.  Year-end foreign investment data is published in May of the following year.


Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Billions)
Inward Direct Investment Outward Direct Investment
Total Inward 662.3 100% Total Outward 460.6 100%
USA 148.1 22% USA 99.3 22%
Japan 72.2 11% UK 65.4 14%
UK 64.8 10% New Zealand 48.4 11%
Netherlands 41.7 6% Singapore 15.7 3%
China 31.7 5% Papua New Guinea 12.8 3%
“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.


Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets
Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Countries $808,049 100% All Countries $515,382 100% All Countries $292,667 100%
United States $335,258 41% United States $237,834 46% United States $97,424 33%
United Kingdom $71,863 9% United Kingdom $44,153 9% United Kingdom $27,710 9%
Japan $33,282 5% Japan $27,190 5% Germany $24,514 8%
Cayman Islands $36,282 4% Switzerland $11,080 2% Japan $17,092 6%
Canada $27,724 3% Netherlands $10,778 2% Canada $14,269 5%

Austria

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

Host Country Statistical Source* USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; World Bank; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Austria Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD) 2018 $455,586 2017 $416,596 https://data.worldbank.org/country/austria?view=chart  
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical Source* USG or International Statistical Source USG or international Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in Austria ($M USD, stock positions) 2018 $16,493 2017 $7,819 BEA data available at https://www.bea.gov/international/direct-investment-and-multinational-enterprises-comprehensive-data  
Host country’s FDI in the United States ($M USD, stock positions) 2018 $12,646 2017 $12,303 BEA data available at https://www.bea.gov/international/direct-investment-and-multinational-enterprises-comprehensive-data  
Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP 2018 51.5% 2017 48.5% UNCTAD data available at

https://unctad.org/en/Pages/DIAE/World%20Investment%20Report/Country-Fact-Sheets.aspx  

*Statistics Austria (GDP):
http://www.statistik.at/web_de/statistiken/wirtschaft/volkswirtschaftliche_
gesamtrechnungen/bruttoinlandsprodukt_und_hauptaggregate/jahresdaten/019505.html
 

Austrian National Bank (Investments)

https://www.oenb.at/isaweb/report.do?lang=EN&report=9.3.31 

Differences between Austrian and U.S. statistics can arise from different allocations of investments to countries (headquarters versus subsidiaries) and different survey methods


Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)
Inward Direct Investment Outward Direct Investment
Total Inward $246,359 100% Total Outward $291,090 100%
Germany $55,214 22% Netherlands $35,917 12%
Russia $30.333 12% Germany $31,453 11%
Netherlands $27.933 11% Luxembourg $15,302 5%
Luxembourg $22.006 9% Czech Republic $14,881 5%
Switzerland $11.805 5% United States $11,178 4%
“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.

Austria’s domestic investment figures show significant lower numbers for the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) may be used to avoid corporate taxes.

Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets
Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)
Total Equity and Investment Fund Shares Total Debt Securities
All Countries $348,992 100% All Countries $138,369 100% All Countries $210,623 100%
Germany $54,228 15% Luxembourg $46,238 33% Germany $26,126 12%
Luxembourg $53,862 15% Germany $28,103 20% France $23,711 11%
United States $33,122 9% United States $14,434 10% United States $18,689 9%
France $31.227 9% Ireland $13,864 10% Spain $15,180 7%
Ireland $19,476 6% France $7,516 5% Netherlands $15,119 7%
Investment Climate Statements
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