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Executive Summary

In December 2018, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) completed the third review of Cameroon’s 2017 Extended Credit Facility (ECF), concluding that program performance had improved, though structural reforms remain delayed.  From June 2018, the ECF prescribed a package of reforms aimed at restoring external and fiscal sustainability and sustaining growth in Cameroon and Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC).  The IMF also commented that risks from heightened global uncertainty, insufficient adjustment at the regional level, and continued insecurity in the Anglophone regions are increasing.  Cameroon had hoped hosting the 2019 African Cup of Nations (CAN) soccer tournament would boost consumer spending, but lost the event in November 2018 due to serious delays in promised infrastructure improvements.  Delays are likely to increase the cost of the construction of the infrastructure earmarked for the tournament, now scheduled for 2021, and increase pressure on public finance and public debt.  Firms have claimed CEMAC is attempting to hoard foreign exchange as reserve buffers have failed to grow as expected.

Infrastructure, energy, and extractives remain priority areas for Cameroon.  The government offers incentives for investment in agriculture, technology, and manufacturing, especially when investments lead to the transformation of local commodities in Cameroon.  The government, under the auspices of the ECF, has ramped up tax collection on the relatively small number of companies that actually pay taxes, including foreign firms.  FDI inflows were lower than expected over the last year and the loss of CAN will lead to even lower foreign exchange inflows in 2019.

Cameroon’s ranking in the World Bank’s 2019 Doing Business Report – 166th out of 190 countries – and Transparency International’s 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index – 152nd out of 175 countries – accurately reflect a business climate growing more difficult.  The most important factors that affect the business climate are dysfunctions within public administration, corruption, and poor infrastructure.  These challenges contrast with the country’s huge potential in terms of untapped natural resources and its strategic position as the gateway to landlocked neighbors.

Key Sectors

% of GDP





Services and consumer retail






Public Administration






Banking and Finance



Real Estate and Infrastructure Construction



Extractive industry (Oil, Gas, Mining)



Information & Communication Technology



Utilities (Electricity, Water)



Tourism, Media and Leisure





Source: Cameroon Ministry of Finance, IMF, World Bank

Sectors that have historically attracted significant investment are:


Agriculture has attracted significant investment over the past decade, mostly from the Cameroonian government.  Cameroon is often described as the breadbasket of Central Africa because it supplies foodstuffs to Nigeria (180 million people) and to the countries of CEMAC (50 million people).  Market opportunities exist in the transformation of raw crops into finished or semi-finished products.  Access to credit, poor infrastructure, securing land rights, and ongoing fighting between separatists and government security forces in the cocoa and coffee-growing regions are significant obstacles.


The economy of Cameroon and those of neighboring countries suffer from Cameroon’s poor roads, limited capacity of the aging rails, and the unreliability of the national airline.  The government has engaged in an ambitious program to upgrade and build new transport infrastructure, but Chinese companies dominate the sector.  Incentives to invest exist, though administrative procedures cause long delays.

Information & Communication Technology

Information and communication technology is the fastest growing economic sector in Cameroon, though internet penetration is still one of the lowest in Sub-Saharan Africa.  The mobile sector is still concentrated in the hands of four companies, including the state-owned Cameroon Telecommunication (CAMTEL), which also functions as the market regulator.  Despite CAMTEL’s monopoly on the communication backbone, such as sub-marine fiber optic cables, faster internet broadband and 3G-4G offer lucrative investment opportunities.

Extractive industry (Oil, Gas, Mining)

Cameroon has been an oil exporter since 1977.  Oil production has stagnated as prices fluctuated, but the country can count on untapped gas reserves estimated at 3.5 billion cubic meters.  The government dominates the sector and generally operates a revenue-sharing business model with foreign investors.

Banking and Finance

The financial sector of Cameroon has 15 banks, 26 insurance companies, one state pension fund, and one state-owned mortgage bank.  In addition, the country has over 400 microfinance institutions, a state-owned postal bank, and a nascent stock market based in Douala.  According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the total financial assets represent 40 percent of the national GDP, two-thirds of which is held by banks.  Less than 15 percent of Cameroonians have access to financial services.  There are investment opportunities in subsectors of the financial industry, particularly in conventional banking, risk protection, or in the increasingly popular mobile money business.

Table 1: Key Metrics and Rankings




Website Address

TI Corruption Perceptions Index


152 of 175

World Bank’s Doing Business Report


166 of 190

Global Innovation Index


111 of 126

U.S. FDI in partner country ($M USD, stock positions)


$9.0 m (2017)

World Bank GNI per capita



1. Openness To, and Restrictions Upon, Foreign Investment

Policies Towards Foreign Direct Investment

The Government of Cameroon considers attracting FDI an important pillar of its development strategy. Many Cameroonian institutions have bodies that work to attract FDI, with mixed results. At the same time, Parliament, the Executive Branch, and donors continue to work to improve framework laws and regulations in order to provide incentives to investors.

By law, the government does not prohibit or limit foreign investors, whether in their ability to establish an investment (market access) or to operate in the market. Investors interested in Cameroon can target any sector of the economy provided they comply with extant regulations. Though not official policy, foreign companies often face increased scrutiny.

In collaboration with public and private institutions, the Cameroon Investment Promotion Agency (CIPA) implements government policies to promote and facilitate all forms of direct investment in Cameroon. To achieve this end, CIPA receives and studies investment proposals, assists with visa applications for foreign investors, and helps in the accreditation of companies. CIPA can enable access to related public facilities, simple administrative procedures, and guide investors through the legal compliance processes. CIPA also offers incentives and can reward investors with additional support if they maintain certain employment and export requirements.

CIPA Process Flow Chart

IPA (Investment Promotion Agency) MINFI (Ministry of Finance)
The government of Cameroon has stated that attracting and retaining investors is important. General laws and specific sector investment codes offer incentives for the retention of investors. Incentives scale up from the establishment phase to companies carrying out new investments. Business lobby groups, such as the Groupement Inter-Patronal du Cameroun and Enterprise Cameroon, maintain a dialogue through the Cameroon Business Forum, a platform supported by the government and donors to foster discussions on improving the business climate in Cameroon.

Limits on Foreign Control and Right to Private Ownership and Establishment

Despite an active government presence in most sectors of the economy, private entities – both domestic and foreign – can create and own businesses that engage in all forms of legal remunerative activities. They can also enter into joint ventures and public-private partnerships with the government.

There are no general economy-wide statutory limits on foreign ownership or control. Foreign companies have complained that, without a well-connected local partner, business can be challenging.

Cameroon has no laws or regulations that prescribe outright prohibition on investment, equity caps, mandatory domestic joint venture partners, licensing restrictions, or mandatory Intellectual Property (IP)/technology transfer requirements.
Cameroon has a screening process, which is applicable to all domestic and foreign investments. This screening process ensures that investors meet the criteria, such as employment and export quantities, to qualify for private investment incentives.

Other Investment Policy Reviews

In June 2017, Cameroon signed a three-year Extended Credit Facility (ECF) agreement the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The program included structural reforms to accelerate and consolidate growth and control spending. Under the terms of the agreement, the IMF has conducted three policy reviews.

The IMF expressed satisfaction on the progress of the implementation of reforms while urging the country to implement stronger measures on budget transparency and the improvement of the business climate. In the area of public expenditure, the World Bank published a review in late 2018. The review examines public expenditure data over a period of 10 years with the objective of assisting Cameroon in the restoration of fiscal stability. 

Business Facilitation

According to the World Bank’s Investing Across Borders (IAB) Report, it takes 14 procedures and 82 days to establish a foreign-owned limited liability company (LLC) in Douala, Cameroon. This process is lengthier and more complex than the IAB regional and global averages. While only two additional steps are required of foreign companies compared to domestic ones, these steps add an additional 48 days to the overall establishment process. A declaration of foreign investment to the Ministry of Finance is mandatory 30 days prior to the beginning of the establishment process. In addition, if the company wants to engage in international trade, registration in the importers’ file is required to obtain a “sydonia” number (a custom computer identification). This number facilitates the entry and exit of goods produced by the company. The authentication of the parent company’s documentation abroad is required only to establish a subsidiary. Foreign-owned resident companies that wish to maintain foreign currency bank accounts in Douala must obtain prior approval. The Minister of Finance issues such authorization, which is subject to approval from the Bank of Central African States as per Section 24 of the exchange control regulations. This approval takes on average 38 days to obtain. There is a minimum paid-in capital requirement of CFA 1,000,000 (~USD 2,060) for setting up foreign as well as local LLCs.

In April 2016 with the support of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the European Union, Cameroon launched an online business registration website called The government hopes that this platform will simplify the business creation process and amplify entrepreneurship promotion policies. The site should present real time data on business creation, which the Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises and the National Agency for Small and Medium Enterprises can use to improve interactions between different market actors. The government indicates that after a year, the website collected market data on 11,000 registered enterprises.

Outward Investment

Although its policies overwhelmingly target inward investment, the Cameroonian government promotes external partnerships and joint ventures as well.
The government does not restrict domestic investors from investing abroad, though recent restrictions on moving foreign exchange outside of CEMAC function as a de facto limit on Cameroonians investing abroad.

3. Legal Regime

Transparency of the Regulatory System

In general, Cameroon has adequate laws, most of which are consistent with international business and legal norms.  Weak investigating capacity, a lack of understanding of international business practices, and corruption in the judiciary adversely affect the implementation of the laws.  In many circumstances, judicial loopholes lead to arbitrary interpretations of the texts.

Some ministries, though not all, consult with the general public and private sector organizations through targeted outreach to stakeholders, such as business associations or other groups.  There is no formal process for such consultations.  Ministries do not report the results of consultations.  Such processes are not believed to disadvantage U.S. or other foreign investors.

Legal procedures of Cameroon are based on national, regional, and supra-national laws and treaties.  Parliament is the nominal source of all regulatory power, though the Parliament is subsidiary to the President, and the Executive Branch originates 98 percent of all laws passed.  Public involvement is limited and oversight or enforcement mechanisms are weak and do not ensure that governments follow administrative processes.  National regulations, controlled by ministries, control most economic activity and are the most relevant for foreign businesses.

Cameroon does not meet the minimum standards of fiscal transparency.  Many of the state-owned enterprises do not have public accounts.  There are only three publicly listed companies on the Douala Stock Exchange.  All three use the OHADA (Organization for the Harmonization of Corporate Law in Africa) accounting system, which does not conform to IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) or GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) standards.

Draft bills and regulations are not made available for public comment.

The government is currently working on an online and digitalized database for all legal texts.  Until that project is completed, the Official Journal or “Journal Officiel” (in French), is the main repository for all legal texts.  Currently, the website for the Office of the Prime Minister (   ) contains PDF versions of all new regulatory actions published in the Cameroon Tribune, the country’s newspaper of record.

Cameroon has administrative courts that specialize in the application and enforcement of public laws.  From a strictly legal perspective, the Supreme Court has oversight on enforcement mechanisms, but a lack of separation of powers prevents the judiciary from carrying out its responsibilities.

Cameroon has made tangible progress in the area of fiscal modernization largely with the support of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and initiatives such as the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative.  Cameroon’s budget was widely and easily accessible to the general public, including online on various government websites.  The government published its fiscal year 2019 executive budget proposal in June 2018 and enacted the budget in December 2018.  The end-of-year report for the previous year was published in October 2018.

It is too early to tell the impacts of the reforms.  The IMF continues to stress that the government must strengthen fiscal governance, improve its fiscal consolidation, implement debt sustainability, enhance private sector-led growth, and expand financial access.  Full implementation of these recommendations would have a tremendous impact on the country and economy.

Ministries and regulatory agencies do not develop forward regulatory plans – i.e., a public list of anticipated regulatory changes or proposals intended to be adopted/implemented within a specified period.  Ministries do not have a legal obligation to publish the text of proposed regulations before their enactment.  There is no period of time set by law for the text of proposed regulations to be made publicly available.

There is no specialized government body tasked with reviewing and monitoring regulatory impact assessments conducted by other individual agencies or government bodies.

There are no scientific or data-driven assessments of new regulation.  There are no publicly available scientific studies or quantitative analyses conducted on the impact of regulations.  Affected parties do not have the right to request reconsideration or appeal adopted regulations to the relevant administrative agency.  There is no existing requirement that regulations be periodically reviewed to see whether they are still needed or should be revised.

Information on debt obligations was publicly available and updated quarterly in the form of brochures, and increasingly via the website of the Cameroon Debt Management Office  .  For example, the electronic version of the debt data covering the second and third quarters of 2018 was released and can be obtained upon request, although it was not posted on the website as in previous years.  However, allocations to and earnings from state-owned enterprises were not identified in budget documents and few state-owned enterprises produced financial statements.

The government maintained items in the budget that may qualify as off-budget accounts and contingent liabilities in debt covenants that are not subject to adequate audit or oversight.  There are similar concerns regarding the budget for security operations and what qualifies as “sovereign expenses.”  Moreover, the information in the budget is generally reliable, though the execution of the investment budget deviated often significantly from projections because of the low execution rate.

International Regulatory Considerations

Cameroon is a founding member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC).  CEMAC treaties supersede national laws.  The economic union has one central bank, one banking ombudsman, and a single regional tariff.

Cameroon is signatory to the OECD’s Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (the MLI).  In 2009, the EU and Cameroon signed an interim Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA).  They are working to bring several Cameroonian products up to EU standards.  Cameroon references many international conventions and multilateral treaties such as the UN treaties in its domestic laws.

Cameroon joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 13, 1995 and was previously a member of the General Agreement on Taxes and Tariffs.  On March 11, 2019, Cameroon was suspended from the WTO for failure to meet its designated contribution to the organization.  The government of Cameroon is expected to notify all draft technical regulations to the WTO Committee on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT).

Legal System and Judicial Independence

The Cameroonian legal system is a legacy of French, German (Codified Laws), and English (Common law) colonization.  There is also a patchwork of traditional ethnological legal systems, which varies for each ethnic group.  The government wants to harmonize these different legal traditions to equip Cameroon with laws that are applicable across the country and reduce the need to navigate different legal systems.  This project, however, is meeting with stiff resistance from English-speaking lawyers concentrated in the Northwest and Southwest Regions, who claim that the initiative will dilute their heritage.

In terms of standards, Cameroon’s commercial legal system follows the OHADA rules, which are supposed to be aligned with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).  Enforcement is weak partly because of lack of capacity.  Cameroon does not train enough specialized judges in the commercial and economic fields.  Consequently, poor enforcement of laws and accounting standards tends to create confusion for foreign investors.  Despite efforts to align OHADA standards to international norms, government accounting regulations remain obsolete in the context of rapid developments in international finance and capital markets.

To circumvent the problem, U.S. enterprises and investors often maintain two sets of accounting records, one in accordance with U.S. GAAP or suitable international standards, and another to comply with OHADA standards and government reporting requirements.

The judicial system is subsidiary to the executive branch.  The executive regularly interferes in judiciary matters.  The current judicial process is not procedurally competent, fair, or reliable.  Endemic corruption, lack of funding, and political considerations make the courts unable to function as independent arbiters of disputes.

Arbitration is becoming the solution of choice to solve business disputes in Cameroon.  Arbitration exists in OHADA corporate law.  Since OHADA is supra-national, Cameroon is bound by its decisions which follow international norms.

Regulations and enforcement actions are appealable and they are adjudicated in the national court system.  Due to the court system’s revealed lack of objectivity, few businesses attempt to appeal against unfavorable rulings.

Laws and Regulations on Foreign Direct Investment

The Law No. 2013/004 of April 18, 2013 defines incentives for private investment in

Cameroon and proposes generic and special incentives while affirming the government’s responsibilities to private investors.  The law remains valid for domestic and foreign investors.  Additional laws and regulations are available on the website of the Ministry of Finance  .

The Cameroon Investment Promotion Agency is the primary or “one-stop-shop” website for investment that provides relevant laws, rules, procedures, and reporting requirements for investors (  ).

Competition and Anti-Trust Laws

The National Competition Commission handles anti-competition and anti-trust disputes.  In some cases, the regulator of a specific economic sector can play the anti-trust role.  For example, in July 2018, the courts accused a multinational mobile operator of anti-competitive practices against a domestic money transfer provider when the multinational unilaterally suspended the domestic company’s Unstructured Supplementary Service Data code.  The local company complained to the Telecom Regulatory Agency and to the National Competition Commission, which ordered the mobile operator to reinstate the code.  The mobile operator ignored the initial injunction, forcing the Cameroonian company to take legal action.  The courts ruled against the multinational.

Expropriation and Compensation

Decree N°.85-9 of July 4, 1985 and the subsequent implementation of Decree N°.87-1872 of December 16, 1987 lay down the procedure governing expropriation for public purposes and conditions for compensation.  Some of the provisions of these legal texts were repealed by Instruction n°005/I/Y.25/MINDAF/D220 of December 29, 2005.  Essentially, for the general public’s interest, the State may expropriate privately-owned land.  The laws also lay down the formalities to be observed within the context of the procedure, both at the central and local levels.

In recent years, the government has expropriated property in the context of the construction of large infrastructure projects such as roads and hydroelectric dams.  The government has a compensation process in place to try to meet the losses of those adversely affected by such decisions.

Serious allegations of corruption have plagued compensation procedures over the last decade.  These incidents, often carried out by civil servants, have diluted trust in the process.

Dispute Settlement

ICSID Convention and New York Convention

Cameroon ratified the ICSID Convention on January 3, 1967 and the New York Convention on February 19, 1988.

There is no specific domestic legislation providing for enforcement under the 1958 New York Convention and for the enforcement of awards under the ICSID Convention.

Investor-State Dispute Settlement

The OHADA-signatory nations adopted a uniform act on arbitration (the Uniform Act) on March 11, 1999.  The Uniform Act sets out the basic rules applicable to any arbitration, where the seat of arbitration is located in an OHADA member state.  The Uniform Act is based on the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) model law.  It supersedes the national laws on arbitration of the OHADA states.  Cameroon’s arbitration law is contained in its code of civil and commercial procedure in the third volume, Articles 576 to 601.

Cameroon has a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) with the United States.  There have been no claims against the BIT since it came into force in 1989.

There have been cases of disputes between Cameroonian partners and U.S. companies, but they tend to be solved through arbitration.  General misunderstandings between partners about contractual commitments tend to cause conflicts, but such cases have been infrequent over the past 10 years.

Local courts may recognize foreign arbitral awards issued against the government, but they are not well equipped to enforce such decisions.

In general, foreign investors complain more about administrative harassment or bottlenecks, and less about extrajudicial actions.

International Commercial Arbitration and Foreign Courts

Additional alternative dispute resolution may involve mediation and negotiations, also possibly through third-party binding arbitration.  The OHADA system serves both as domestic and primary reference legislation.

The Groupement Interpatronal du Cameroon, the country’s most powerful business lobbying group, has an arbitration center in Douala.  Douala is Cameroon’s largest city and trade hub, and the arbitration center is modern and well equipped.  In principle, local courts have the power to recognize and enforce foreign arbitral awards issued against the government if found at fault.

As a treaty, the OHADA prevails over domestic laws.  An international arbitration award can prevail especially if operating through the OHADA framework.  The Common Court of Justice and Arbitration enforced under OHADA is both an arbitration institution and a judicial court, with a remit covering all the OHADA states.

Judicial processes are bureaucratic, expensive, time-intensive, and lengthy to pursue.  This is true even for domestic and state-owned companies, which like their foreign competitors, also suffer from the weaknesses of the legal system and are not guaranteed any better treatment in case of dispute.

Bankruptcy Regulations

Cameroon has bankruptcy laws, which recognize the right of creditors, the equity of shareholders, and other types of liabilities.  Bankruptcy is not criminalized, if it is not a deliberate collusion to avoid tax or mislead investors.  Globally, Cameroon stands at 127 in the ranking of 190 economies on the ease of resolving insolvency.  According to data collected by Doing Business 2019, resolving insolvency takes 2.8 years on average and costs 33.5 percent of the debtor’s estate, with the most likely outcome being that the company will be sold in a piecemeal sale.  The average recovery rate is 15.8 cents on the dollar.

6. Financial Sector

Capital Markets and Portfolio Investment

The Cameroonian government is open to portfolio investment, though no efforts have been made to increase the capacity of the Douala Stock Exchange to encourage foreign participation.

The Douala Stock Exchange (DSX) is meant to be the stock market for all Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) member states.  It was created in 2001 and currently has only three companies listed and five sovereign bonds.  The regulatory system of the DSX permits portfolio investment, but the market is still in its infancy, suffering from low liquidity and bureaucratic inertia.

Cameroon has a limited capital market.  The Embassy is not aware of any policies that facilitate or restrict the free flow of financial resources to the product and factor markets.

CEMAC’s central bank, known by its French acronym BEAC, respects IMF Article VIII by refraining from restrictions on payments and transfers for current international transactions.  In early 2019, international firms began to complain that receiving permission to draw on their foreign exchange accounts was becoming more difficult.

Foreign investors can get credit on the local market and the private sector has access to a variety of credit instruments.  Cameroon is connected to the international banking payment system.

Money and Banking System

Under ten percent of Cameroonians have access to formal banking services.  The Cameroonian government has often spoken of increasing access, but no coherent policy or action has been taken to alleviate the problem.  Mobile money, introduced by local and international telecom providers, is the closest thing to banking services that most Cameroonians access.

The banking sector is generally healthy, but financial institutions suffer from under-performance on local debt and un-serviced loans from both commercial and individual debtors.

According to the World Bank, non-performing loans were 10.31 percent of total bank loans in 2016.

Cameroon has several international banks operating within the country, including:

  1. Afriland First Bank Group (approximately USD 6 billion in global assets in 2016)
  2. CitiBank (USD 1.917 trillion in global assets in 2018)
  3. Societee Generale (USD 1.47 trillion in global assets in 2018)
  4. Standard Chartered Bank Cameroon (USD 688 billion in global assets in 2018)
  5. Ecobank (USD 23.6 billion in global assets in 2015)

Cameroon is part of the six-member Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), which maintains a central bank, known by its French acronym, BEAC.

Foreign banks are allowed to establish operations in Cameroon.  They are subject to the same regulations as locally developed banks.  The Embassy is unaware of any lost correspondent banking relationships within the past three years.

There are no restrictions on foreigners establishing bank accounts, credit instruments, business financing or other such transactions.  Rules on all forms of mergers and acquisitions, including hostile, are governed by OHADA and are detailed in a lengthy body of commercial, legal, and accounting codes.  The OHADA sections on mergers and acquisitions are the Napoleonic version of our SEC regulations.

Foreign Exchange and Remittances

Foreign Exchange

While there are no legal restrictions, each request for a foreign exchange transaction requires a “dossier” that would include various documents.  The documents required vary based on the type of transaction to demonstrate the legitimacy of the planned purchase in foreign exchange that BEAC would approve.  The not yet formalized list of required documents from BEAC includes a significant number of required supporting documents for various purposes.  The IMF has stated that forex transactions of less than USD one million only require approval by local BEAC representatives in each country and should take place in a matter of days.  Forex transactions exceeding USD one million would require approval from BEAC headquarters in Yaounde and should occur in no more than 48 hours.

The Embassy is unaware of any restrictions on investment type and conversion of funds into world currencies.

The Central African CFA Franc is the currency of six independent states in Central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon.  It is administered by BEAC and is currently pegged at roughly 656 CFA to one Euro.

Remittance Policies

The Embassy is unaware of any recent changes or plans to change investment remittance policies that either tighten or relax access to foreign exchange for investment remittances.

There are no time limitations on transactions beyond the classic banking transactions timeline.  BEAC regulates remittances and banking transactions.  Foreign investors can remit convertible and negotiable instruments through legal channels recognized by BEAC.

Domestically, the remittance market is expanding.  Cameroon currently counts more than six million registered mobile money subscribers.  In addition, 1.5 million people are using four digital solutions currently offered by banks and mobile phone companies, namely ATM, mobile wallet, mobile debit card, and website.  These systems are supporting various forms of remittances and financial services.

Sovereign Wealth Funds

Cameroon does not have a sovereign wealth fund.

10. Political and Security Environment

Cameroon faces several political and security challenges.  An armed separatist uprising is entering its third year in the Anglophone Southwest and Northwest Regions.  Boko Haram attacks continue in the Far North Region.  In the Adamoua and East Regions, a wave of kidnappings and other criminal activity, coupled with an influx of refugees from the Central African Republic, has led to increased instability and a reinforced military presence.  Terrorists and separatists alike have targeted economic assets in order to affect political change.  The country is growing increasingly politicized and insecure.

Investment Climate Statements
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