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Japan

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy

Host Country Statistical Source* USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (M USD) 2016 USD 4,894,962 2016 USD 4,940,158 World Bank
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical Source** USG or International Statistical Source USG or International Source of Data:
BEA; IMF; Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in partner country (M USD, stock positions) 2016 USD 59,859 2016 USD 114,637 BEA
Host country’s FDI in the United States (M USD, stock positions) 2016 USD 454,139 2016 USD 421,103 BEA
Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP 2016 4.8% 2016 3.9% OECD

*2016 Nominal GDP data from “Annual Report on National Accounts for 2016”, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, Japanese Government. December 8, 2017. (Note: uses exchange rate of 110.0 Yen to 1 U.S. Dollar and Calendar Year Data)

** 2016 FDI data from “Japan’s Total Inward FDI by Country/Region (International Investment position),” Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO).
Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI

The discrepancy between Japan’s accounting of U.S. FDI into Japan and U.S. accounting of that FDI can be attributed to methodological differences, specifically with regard to indirect investors, profits generated from reinvested earnings, and differing standards for which companies must report FDI.

Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data (IMF CDIS, 2016)
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)
Inward Direct Investment Outward Direct Investment
Total Inward 190,544 100% Total Outward 1,315,146 100%
United States 52,215 27.4% United States 447,541 34%
France 27,984 14.7% United Kingdom 114,684 8.7%
Netherlands 22,230 11.6% China 108,277 8.2%
Singapore 16,782 8.8% Netherland 95,642 7.2%
United Kingdom 12,985 6.8% Australia 65,790 5.0%
“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.

Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment

Portfolio Investment Assets (IMF CPIS, June 2017)
Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Countries 4,047,286 100% All Countries 1,526,145 100% All Countries 2,521,141 100%
United States 1,620,968 40.1% Cayman Islands 568,114 37.2% United States 1,142,126 45.3%
Cayman Islands 741,893 18.3% United States 478,842 31.4% France 217,597 8.6%
France 249,207 6.2% Luxembourg 84,779 5.6% Cayman Islands 173,778 6.9%
United Kingdom 171,757 4.2% United Kingdom 42,788 2.8% United Kingdom 128,970 5.1%
Australia 152,887 3.8% Ireland 39,018 2.6% Australia 123,787 4.9%
Portfolio Investment Liabilities (IMF CPIS, June 2017)
Top Five Partners (Millions, US Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Countries 3,018,717 100% All Countries 1,706,170 100% All Countries 1,312,547 100%
United States 1,087,922 36.0% United States 850,882 49.9% United States 237,040 18.1%
United Kingdom 312,395 10.3% United Kingdom 231,363 13.6% Luxembourg 203,825 15.5%
Luxembourg 295,019 9.7% Belgium 91,194 5.3% China P.R. 135,225 10.3%
Belgium 188,267 6.2% Luxembourg 78,088 4.6% Belgium 110,180 8.4 %
China P.R. 157,697 5.2% Canada 58,817 3.4% United Kingdom 81,032 6.2%
Investment Climate Statements
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