Timor-Leste is a multiparty, parliamentary republic. After parliamentary elections in May, which were free, fair, and peaceful, Taur Matan Ruak became prime minister, leading a three-party coalition government. The 2017 March presidential and July parliamentary elections were also free and fair. When the minority government failed to pass a state budget, President Francisco Guterres Lu Olo dissolved parliament and called early elections, which took place in May. In contrast with previous years, these elections were conducted without extensive assistance from the international community.
Civilian authorities maintained effective control over the security forces.
Human rights issues included corruption and violence against women.
The government took some steps to prosecute members and officials of the security services who used excessive force, but public perceptions of impunity persisted.