Italy

13. Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment Statistics

Table 2: Key Macroeconomic Data, U.S. FDI in Host Country/Economy
Host Country Statistical source* USG or international statistical source USG or International
Source of Data:  BEA; IMF;
Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
Economic Data Year Amount Year Amount
Host Country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ($M USD) 2019 $2,041,512 (€1,787,664)** 2019 $2,003,576 www.worldbank.org/en/country
Foreign Direct Investment Host Country Statistical source* USG or international statistical source USG or international
Source of data:  BEA; IMF;
Eurostat; UNCTAD, Other
U.S. FDI in partner country ($M USD, stock positions) 2019 $11,450

(€9,613)

2019 $34,900 BEA data available at
https://apps.bea.gov/
international/factsheet/
Host country’s FDI in the United States ($M USD, stock positions) 2019 $46,617(€39,137) 2019 $43,660 BEA data available at
https://www.bea.gov/
international/direct-investment-
and-multinational-enterprises-
comprehensive-data
Total inbound stock of FDI as % host GDP 2019 22.2% 2019 22.3% UNCTAD data available at
https://unctad.org/topic/
investment/world-investment-
report

* Italian GDP data are taken from ISTAT, the official statistics agency.  ISTAT publishes preliminary year end GDP data in early February and issues revised data in early March.  Italian FDI data are from the Bank of Italy and are the latest available; new data are released in May.

**2020 GDP is $1,967,248 (€1,651,595).

Table 3: Sources and Destination of FDI
Direct Investment from/in Counterpart Economy Data
From Top Five Sources/To Top Five Destinations (US Dollars, Millions)
Inward Direct Investment Outward Direct Investment
Total Inward $445,197 100% Total Outward $554,969 100%
Luxembourg $88,154 20% The Netherlands $50,086 9%
France $79,536 18% Spain $45,643 8%
The Netherlands $76,012 17% United States $43,824 8%
United Kingdom $61,596 14% Germany $41,705 8%
Germany $40,770 9% Luxembourg $35,879 7%
“0” reflects amounts rounded to +/- USD 500,000.
Table 4: Sources of Portfolio Investment
Portfolio Investment Assets
Top Five Partners (Millions, current US Dollars)
Total Equity Securities Total Debt Securities
All Countries $1,697,139 100% All Countries $1,011,578 100% All Countries $685,561 100%
Luxembourg $696,507 41% Luxembourg $670,079 66% Spain $118,488 17%
Ireland $172,884 10% Ireland $150,724 15% France $107,823 16%
France $168,602 10% France $60,779 6% United States $97,797 14%
United States $145,829 9% United States $48,032 5% Germany $54,604 8%
Spain $122,122 7% Germany $20,484 2% Nether-lands $52,943 8%

The statistics above show Italy’s largest investment partners to be within the European Union and the United States.  This is consistent with Italy being fully integrated with its EU partners and the United States.

Investment Climate Statements
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