Rape and Domestic Violence: Rape, including spousal rape, is a criminal offense with penalties of five, 10, and up to 20 years in prison, depending on the type of offense. One case of rape involving a Monegasque citizen was filed during the year but was transferred to French courts since the crime occurred on French territory. The law prohibits spousal abuse, and victims may bring criminal charges against abusive spouses. Reports of violence against women were rare.
Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment is a criminal offense with penalties of three months to three years in prison, depending on the type of offense. There were no reports of sexual harassment during the year.
Reproductive Rights: Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; manage their reproductive health; and have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, and violence.
Discrimination: The law provides for the equality of men and women. Women were well represented in the professions but less well in business and finance.
Birth Registration: Citizenship may be transmitted by a citizen parent. The government registered births immediately.
Early and Forced Marriage: The legal minimum age of marriage in the country is 18 for women and men. Women and men under the age of 18 need parental authorization to marry. There were no data available on the number of underage marriages.
Sexual Exploitation of Children: Child prostitution and child pornography are illegal, and authorities enforced the law. The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 15.
International Child Abductions: The country is a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. See the Department of State’s Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction at travel.state.gov/content/childabduction/en/legal/compliance.html.
The Jewish community numbered approximately 1,000 persons. There were no reports of anti-Semitic acts.
Trafficking in Persons
There were no confirmed reports that Monaco was a source, destination, or transit country for victims of human trafficking.
Persons with Disabilities
The constitution and the law prohibit discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental disabilities in employment, education, air travel and other transportation, access to health care, the judicial system, and the provision of other government services. The government effectively enforced these provisions. The government enacted and effectively implemented laws ensuring access to public buildings for persons with disabilities, and the country had a beach that was accessible to persons with disabilities.
In a report published on March 1, the European Commission on Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) noted that the country’s law does not clearly define and does not expressly prohibit direct and indirect discrimination based on national, racial, or ethnic identity. It also lacks certain key components of effective legislation against discrimination, such as the sharing of the burden of proof.
Police and judicial statistics on hate crimes and hate speech were not published. ECRI observed reluctance on the part of victims to file complaints.
Acts of Violence, Discrimination, and Other Abuses Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
The law prohibits discrimination including in employment based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The law provides for punishment of up to five years in prison and/or a fine for persons who provoke hatred or violence against a person or group due to their sexual orientation, real or supposed.
According to ECRI, between 2010 and 2014 there were seven homophobic incidents in the country.