The constitution prohibits discrimination based on creed and provides for religious freedom, including the right of individuals to change, manifest, and propagate their religious beliefs. The government grants subsidies to six religious groups, including Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Hindus, and Muslims, based on their relative numbers in the population. Other groups must register with the government to obtain tax-exempt status but receive no subsidies. Christians and Muslims stated they were underrepresented in the civil service and government, including at the highest levels. The government limited the number of foreign missionaries allowed to work in the country.
Tensions between Hindus and Muslims continued; however, unlike in previous years, there were no reports of interreligious violence. On November 20, unknown individuals vandalized two mosques and a predominantly Muslim cemetery in the Savanne District. On December 30, unknown individuals vandalized a Tamil temple in Port Louis. There were no developments in the September 2015 case in which two Muslim men vandalized a Hindu temple, which was followed by five Hindu men vandalizing a mosque in the south of the island. The Council of Religions, a local organization composed of representatives from 18 different faiths and denominations, hosted regular religious ceremonies and celebrations to foster mutual understanding and enhance interfaith collaboration among faith communities.
The embassy promoted religious tolerance and understanding through engagement with government officials and with religious leaders. The Charge d’Affaires hosted an iftar with Muslim civil society and religious leaders to highlight religious tolerance and emphasize ways to continue to foster interreligious tolerance. Embassy representatives attended numerous religious holiday ceremonies of different faiths.