The constitution states “a person shall not be hindered in the enjoyment of” freedom of conscience, including of thought and religion, and in the manifestation and propagation of religion or belief through practice, worship, teaching, and observance. It protects individuals’ right to change their religion and prohibits religious instruction without consent in schools, prisons, and military service. An anti-blasphemy law is not enforced.
The government requires religious groups to register with the Ministry of Equity, Social Justice, Empowerment, Youth Development, Sport, Culture and Local Government if their membership exceeds 250 individuals. Groups that register are “incorporated” and eligible to receive associated benefits; groups that do not register are treated as for-profit organizations for taxation purposes. Among the information requested on the registration form is contact information, establishment date and history, declaration of belief, number of members, location of meeting place, and income source.
After the religious group registers with the Ministry, it may apply for concessions, including duty-free import privileges and exemption from some labor requirements. The registration policy defines the process for missionary work and labor permits.
The public school curriculum includes Christian education; students are not required to participate. The constitution grants religious groups the right to establish and maintain schools and provide religious instruction, at their own expense. The Catholic, Seventh-day Adventist, and Anglican Churches all sponsor schools.
The government prohibits the use of marijuana, including for religious purposes.
The government does not recognize marriages conducted under Rastafarian rites. Rastafarians married by Rastafarian rite are unable to obtain a marriage certificate from the Registrar of Civil Status, which affects spouses’ entitlement to inheritance.
The country is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Rastafarians stated the government’s prohibition of marijuana and accompanying fines for use made them reluctant to use marijuana and thus prevented them from carrying out religious practices. Ministry of Education regulations require schoolchildren be vaccinated in order to enter school. Rastafarians do not believe in vaccination; however, some reportedly decided to vaccinate their children to enable them to enter school. Others chose to homeschool.
The government regularly consulted with the Christian Council, which consisted of representatives of the Catholic Church and some Protestant denominations, on issues of pending legislation or policies.