The Netherlands consistently ranks among the world’s most competitive industrialized economies. It offers an attractive business and investment climate and remains a welcoming location for business investment from the United States and elsewhere.
Distinguishing strengths of the Dutch economy include the Netherlands’ stable political and macroeconomic climate, a highly-developed financial sector, strategic location, well-educated and productive labor force, and high-quality physical and communications infrastructures. Investors in the Netherlands take advantage of its highly competitive logistics industry, anchored by the largest seaport and fourth-largest airport in Europe. In telecommunications, the Netherlands has among the highest internet coverage (96%) in the European Union (EU) and hosts the largest data transport hub in the world.
The Netherlands is among the largest recipients and sources of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world and the largest historical recipient of FDI from the United States. This reflects the Netherlands’ competitive economy, tax climate, and a hub of investment treaties containing strong investor protections that many corporations looking to invest in third countries find favorable. The Dutch economy is characterized by a high degree of foreign investment, in a wide range of sectors including logistics, information technology, and manufacturing.
In the wake of the financial crisis, the Dutch government implemented significant reforms in key policy areas, including the labor market, the housing sector, the energy market, the pension system, and health care. Dutch reform policies were crafted following close consultations with key stakeholders, including business associations, labor unions, and civil society groups.
Following a protracted recession that ended in late 2013, following three years of uneven recovery, the macroeconomic outlook in the Netherlands is much improved. The Dutch economy is currently considered to be experiencing stable growth with government-projected economic growth of 2.1 percent of GDP in 2017 and 1.8 percent in 2018. Projected drivers of growth include increased exports and business investments, as well as invigorated domestic consumption.
The Netherlands is the top destination of U.S. foreign direct investment (FDI) abroad, just over $858 billion out of a total of $5 trillion U.S. FDI worldwide. This amounts to over 17% of U.S. FDI.
Dutch investors contribute $283 billion FDI to the United States. Nine percent of the $3.1 trillion of inward FDI to the United States originates from the Netherlands.
|TI Corruption Perceptions index||2016||8 of 176||http://www.transparency.org/news/feature/
|World Bank’s Doing Business Report “Ease of Doing Business”||2017||28 of 190||doingbusiness.org/rankings|
|Global Innovation Index||2016||9 of 128||https://www.globalinnovationindex.org/
|U.S. FDI in Partner Country ($M USD, Stock Positions)||2015||$858 billion||https://bea.gov/scb/pdf/2016/07%20July/
|World Bank GNI Per Capita||2015||$49,410||http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/