MOZAMBIQUE: Tier 2
The Government of Mozambique does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore Mozambique was upgraded to Tier 2. The government prosecuted six defendants and convicted six labor traffickers under the 2008 anti-trafficking law, all of whom received prison terms. The government demonstrated increased efforts by identifying and referring to care significantly more trafficking victims and increasing training for front-line officials, including law enforcement and immigration officials, and trained labor inspectors for the first time. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking by convening the National Reference Group (NRG) to coordinate anti-trafficking efforts, funding awareness campaigns to educate the public in urban and rural areas, and training front-line responders on victim-centered approaches. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not finalize its draft national action plan or draft implementing regulations on the 2008 anti-trafficking law’s victim protection provisions. Some front-line responders conflated smuggling with trafficking. Mozambican officials remained without effective policies or laws regulating foreign recruiters and holding them civilly and criminally liable for fraudulent recruiting.