The government maintained weak protection efforts, and for the second consecutive year, authorities did not identify or provide services to any victims. The government has never identified labor trafficking victims in Macau. Authorities had formal victim identification procedures, an operational referral process, and standardized screening questionnaires that could guide law enforcement, immigration, and social services personnel to screen individuals vulnerable to trafficking, including persons in commercial sex and migrant workers. Officials distributed questionnaires to suspected undocumented workers to promote self-identification but did not identify any victims of forced labor through these efforts; it was unclear if these questionnaires were an effective tool for victim identification due to their reliance on victims to self-identify. In previous reporting periods, officials referred child victims to a government-funded NGO that offered shelter, counseling, and economic and medical assistance. In 2020, the government modified its victim referral process to refer child victims to two separate government-funded NGOs, which were designated to assist victims’ depending on their country of origin; however, authorities did not report referring victims to either shelter during the reporting period. The social welfare bureau designated shelters for adult female and male trafficking victims and made medical care, financial assistance, counseling, legal assistance, and other services available for identified victims, but it did not report providing these services to any adult victims during the reporting period. The law permitted victims to seek compensation through civil courts or to obtain restitution in criminal proceedings. The government allocated approximately 1.74 million patacas ($217,770) for victim protection services, compared with 1.72 million patacas ($215,270) allocated in 2019. In addition, the government reserved a budget of 39,600 patacas ($4,960) under an agreement with an international organization for repatriation assistance, but it did not assist any victims through the agreement during the reporting period. The government operated and publicized a trafficking hotline, as well as a hotline for reporting labor exploitation, for the public and potential victims to seek assistance; nonetheless, the government did not report identifying any victims through these hotlines. There were no reports the government penalized victims for crimes their traffickers compelled them to commit; however, due to a lack of sufficient screenings, some potential victims may have remained unidentified within the law enforcement system. The approval of a standard operating procedure for ensuring safe repatriation of mainland Chinese child sex trafficking victims was delayed due to the pandemic. The law permitted migrant victims to remain in Macau temporarily and seek employment while authorities pursued cases against their traffickers. In cases in which a victim faced retribution or hardship in their home country, authorities reported a policy that provided permanent residency on the basis of “well-founded humanitarian reasons,” although no victims benefited from this policy.