Overview and Acknowledgements
Why and How the Reports are Prepared
The Department of State submits this annual report to the Congress in compliance with section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-292), as amended. This report covers the period between January 1 and December 31, 2022.
U.S. embassies prepare the initial drafts of country chapters based on information from government officials, religious groups, nongovernmental organizations, journalists, human rights monitors, academics, media, and others. The Office of International Religious Freedom, based in Washington, collaborates in collecting and analyzing additional information, drawing on its consultations with foreign government officials, domestic and foreign religious groups, domestic and foreign nongovernmental organizations, multilateral and other international and regional organizations, journalists, academic experts, community leaders, and other relevant U.S. government institutions.
The State Department’s guiding principle is to ensure that all relevant information is presented as objectively, thoroughly, and fairly as possible. Motivations and accuracy of sources vary, however, and the Department of State is not in a position to verify independently all information contained in the reports. To the extent possible, the reports use multiple sources to increase comprehensiveness and reduce potential for bias. The views of any particular source are not necessarily those of the United States government. The report is designed to spotlight examples of government and societal action that typify and illuminate issues reported in each country. Specific inclusions or omissions should not be interpreted as a signal that a particular case is of greater or lesser importance to the U.S. government, or that a case is the only available example. Rather, the goal is to shed light on the nature, scope, and severity of actions impacting religious freedom through illustrative examples.
This report reflects the efforts of hundreds of people in the Department of State and at U.S. missions abroad. We especially thank the dedicated staff at our embassies and consulates for monitoring and promoting religious freedom and for chronicling in detail the status of freedom of religion or belief in all corners of the globe. Many of them went to great lengths under difficult circumstances to acquire the information in this report.
The reports were produced under the direction of Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Rashad Hussain, with guidance from Office of International Religious Freedom Director Daniel L. Nadel and Deputy Directors Mariah Mercer and Carson Relitz Rocker.
The editorial staff of the International Religious Freedom Report consists of:
Reports Coordinator/Editor in Chief: Jonathan Bemis
Editors: Cynthia H. Akuetteh, C. Pat Alsup, Victoria Alvarado, Michael Ardovino, Brian Bachman, Robert W. Boehme, Mark Carlson, Jennifer Dillard, Lisa B. Gregory, David E. Henifin, James A. McVerry, Carol Rodley, Margot Sullivan, Vicente Valle, and David Winn
Office of International Religious Freedom staff: James Alexander, Carter Allen, Rory E. Anderson, Nida Ansari, Ferdaouis Bagga, Dhuha Baig, Aaron Bruce, Katie Burns, Christine Marie Carlson, Atlee Chait, John Craven, Dylan Diggs, Serena Doan, Michael G. Dozler, Luke Falcon-Sapp, Mary Gunderson, Cassandra Harris, Razi Hashmi, Cassie F. Henriquez, Alyx Hoge, Sarah Krech, Yetty Landherr, Emily Libruk, Analisa Lin, Darin Mcanelly, Leslie Moorman, Tina L. Mufford, Joycelyn Narayan, Jeff O’Neal, Douglas Padgett, Kim Roy, Felix Salazar, Jr., Rachel Sauer, Seth Schleicher, Robin Schulman, Sarah Shabbir, Angel Sharma, Nathan Wineinger, Joanna Wulfsberg, and Brooke C. D. Young
Senior Technical Editor: Janine Czarnecki
Technical Coordinator: Geoffrey Palcher
Special thanks to Selene Ko, Wendell Albright, Victor Huser, and Margaret J. Pride for their advice and assistance with the report.