THE FAROE ISLANDS
The Faroe Islands have an open economy and multiple trade agreements with other countries. The Government of the Faroe Islands retains control over most internal affairs, including the conservation and management of living marine resources within the 200 nautical mile fisheries zone, natural resources, financial regulation and supervision, and transport. Denmark continues to exercise control over foreign affairs, security, and defense, in consultation with the Faroese government.
For more than two centuries, the Faroese economy has relied on fisheries and related industries. Fisheries (including agriculture, hunting, and forestry) account for 22 percent of the Faroe Islands’ domestic factor income. About 92 percent of goods exports are fish products. Salmon alone accounts for 44.5 percent of goods exports. As a non-EU member, the Faroe Islands had open access to the Russian market post-2014, despite Russia’s retaliatory trade embargo on certain food imports from the EU. This allowed the Faroese to sell increased quantities of salmon to the Russian market at a premium even while prices dropped significantly in the European market. The Faroese government announced in February 2022 that it supports Western sanctions against Russia in the wake of its invasion of Ukraine and the major Faroese fishing companies voluntarily withdrew from exporting to the Russian market. In May 2022, the Faroese parliament passed legislation to enable it to implement sanctions against Russia and Belarus. In November 2022, the Faroe Islands renewed its bilateral fisheries agreement with Russia for 2023.
The Faroe Islands exported $1.79 billion (DKK 12.7 billion) worth of goods in 2022, 92 percent of which were fish products, with the remainder being unspecified goods, marine vessels, and aircraft resales. In recent years, construction, transportation, banking, and other financial services sectors have grown. In 2022, the top destination for goods exports was the United Kingdom (14.3 percent), followed by Denmark (13.3 percent), the United States (13.0 percent), and Russia (8.0 percent). Goods imports totaled $1.71 billion (DKK 12.1 billion) in 2022, with the vast majority from Europe. Of total Faroes’ goods imports, 22.9 percent came from Denmark, followed by the Netherlands (13.5 percent), Norway (12.4 percent), Germany (8.6 percent), and China (6.1 percent). Direct imports from the United States were 1.0 percent of total imports. Major import categories were inputs to industry (2.4 percent), fuels (18.7 percent), household consumption (16.4 percent), and vessels and aircraft (10.0 percent).
Official statistics list 2021 as the most recent year available for GDP figures, at $3.24 billion (DKK 22.9 billion). According to Statistics Faroe Islands, real GDP rose 5.6 percent in 2021, contracted by –2.6 percent in 2020, mainly due to COVID-19 and related price effects on fish prices, and grew by 5.0 percent in 2019. The average real growth rate from 2012 to 2021 was 3.5 percent. According to the Danish Central Bank, the strongest underlying drivers for recent years’ growth are substantial price increases for farmed salmon and larger catches of mackerel and herring in particular, combined with considerable productivity gains. Activity has been concentrated in fewer farms and shipping companies, both in aquaculture and in the pelagic fisheries, making these industries more profitable. These factors have boosted incomes and led to higher private and public sector demand. Like the rest of the world, consumer prices have risen sharply in the Faroe Islands. Since spring of 2021, the development in the consumer price index has accelerated and was 10.1 percent higher in November 2022 compared to November 2021. The average annual inflation for 2022 was 7.7 percent. The Faroe Islands’ small, open, but non-diversified economy makes it vulnerable to changes in international markets. The Faroe Islands have full autonomy to set tax rates and fees, and to set levels of spending on the services they provide. Denmark provides an annual block grant indexed to Danish inflation. In 2022 the block grant was $90.6 million (DKK 641.8 million).
In the longer term, the aging Faroese population will weaken the sustainability of public finances, according to a 2015 report from the Economic Council for the Faroe Islands. The Council suggests that in order to maintain the high level of service to citizens established over many years, the Faroese government must prioritize this issue in due course. Currently, according to the Danish Central Bank, the ratio of working people to children and seniors is 60 percent, i.e. there are ten people of working age (16 to 66), to six persons aged below 15 or 67 and older. By 2030, the Central Bank estimates this will increase to 70 percent and by 2050 to 90 percent. The Council estimated that a permanent fiscal improvement of 5 percent of GDP is required to stabilize government debt, which is currently at a low level. In October 2022, credit agency Moody’s maintained its Aa2 long-term issuer rating of the Government of the Faroe Islands which it has held since 2019. The Aa2 rating is the third-highest rating on Moody’s 21-tier scale. The outlook remains stable and Moody’s concludes that the Faroe Islands has a healthy degree of financial independence and a low level of refinancing risk. Moody’s assesses the stable and historical relationship with Denmark as an additional strength, but indicated a higher rating would require the Faroe Islands to diversify its economy to be less reliant on the fisheries sector.
The Faroe Islands opened its own securities exchange in 2000; active trading of shares followed in 2005. The exchange is a collaboration with the VMF Icelandic exchange on the Nasdaq OMX Nordic Exchange Iceland.
There was no new foreign direct investment (FDI) into the Faroe Islands in 2021. Outward FDI was $4.3 million (DKK 30.6 million). The Faroese government has indicated an interest in attracting further foreign investment. “Invest in the Faroes” is the Faroese government unit promoting Faroese trade. The website is http://www.government.fo .
The Faroe Islands have over the years engaged in several disputes with the EU over fishing quotas, so far culminating with the EU adopting measures that allowed it to impose sanctions on the Faroe Islands in 2012. In March 2013, the Faroe Islands unilaterally increased its quota for herring and mackerel. EU member states responded by voting in favor of imposing sanctions, which went into force in August 2013. The EU lifted sanctions in 2014 after reaching a political understanding with the Faroe Islands on herring catches. Subsequently, the Faroe Islands and the other coastal states in the North Atlantic signed a five-year agreement on mackerel quotas, reducing uncertainty for fisheries and improving profitability since the agreement allows for more sustainable harvesting. The Faroe Islands negotiates reciprocal exchanges of fishing opportunities with the EU, Norway, Russia and the United Kingdom annually.
Employment has risen notably, and the labor market participation rate is high at 84 percent, which has pushed down unemployment from 7 percent in 2011 to record lows. The unemployment rate was down to 233 full-time unemployed persons, equal to 0.8 percent of the labor force, in March 2023. The labor force comprised 32,855 people in 2022. The need for labor has increasingly been met via high net immigration, which has prolonged the economic upswing. According to the Danish Central Bank, all industries are experiencing labor shortages. The many new inhabitants along with rising disposable income, however, have put the housing market under pressure, especially in and around the capital Tórshavn. In many areas, the Faroese labor market model resembles other Nordic countries, with high standards of living, well-established welfare schemes, and independent labor unions. Most people in the Faroe Islands are bilingual or multilingual, with Danish and English being the most widely spoken languages after Faroese. The Faroe Islands boast well-developed physical and telecommunications infrastructure and have well-established political, legal, and social structures. The standard of living for the population of 54,303 (which exceeded 50,000 for the first time in May 2017) is high by world standards, with GDP per capita in 2021 of $68,500 (DKK 431,000) just above that of Denmark’s $67,550 (DKK 425,000).
Contact for more information on the Faroe Islands:
Economic OfficerU.S. Embassy DenmarkDag Hammarskjölds Alle, 242100 Copenhagen, DenmarkEmail: CopenhagenICS@state.gov
The Greenlandic government is exploring ways to increase trade and diversify its international relationships for sustainable economic growth with a notable interest in climate-forward, green solutions.
Greenland is a self-governing area within the Kingdom of Denmark, yet it is not an EU member. Greenland originally joined the EU with Denmark in 1973 but left in 1985 and is today one of the EU’s Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs). Greenland’s status within the Kingdom of Denmark is outlined in the Self Rule Act (SRA) of 2009, which details the Greenlandic government’s right to assume in the future a number of additional responsibilities from the Danish government, including the administration of justice, labor, aviation, immigration and border control, and financial regulation and supervision. Before 2009, Greenland had already acquired control over taxation, fisheries, internal labor negotiations, natural resources, and oversight of offshore labor, environment, and safety regulations. Denmark continues to have control over foreign affairs, security, and defense policy, in consultation with Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Denmark also retains authority over border control issues, including immigration into Greenland.
Two-thirds of Greenland lies above the Arctic Circle, and its northern tip is less than 500 miles from the North Pole. Greenland can be reached by air or freighter from Denmark or Iceland, and with approximately 60 kilometers of road, connections between towns are also via air and sea. There are currently no direct commercial flights with the United States, but construction is underway to open two new international airports in prime locations on the west coast of Greenland in 2024.
Greenland’s GDP was estimated at $3.12 billion (DKK 20.37 billion) in 2021. The annual block grant Denmark provides to Greenland is indexed to inflation and accounts for about half of the Greenlandic government’s revenue. In 2022, this grant was $565 million (DKK 4.0 billion), approximately 20 percent of GDP.
The public sector accounts for 60 percent of jobs, including national and local governments, social service providers like schools and hospitals, and state-owned enterprises that comprise the telecommunication, power, and transportation sectors.
Fishing is Greenland’s single most important commercial industry, accounting for 98 percent of exports in 2022. The sector is dominated by two companies, the Government of Greenland-owned Royal Greenland and the privately-owned Polar Seafood. The vast majority of Greenlandic exports and imports pass through Denmark to and from the rest of the world but are reported as trade between the two. Greenland imports goods from all over the world, primarily through Denmark, and to a lesser extent, via Iceland. Royal Greenland’s largest country market is China, and one-third of its revenues are generated in Asia, half in Europe, and 10 percent in North America, which the company views as a growth market. Polar Seafood has its main markets in Scandinavia, China, and Japan. The government is promoting the development of tourism and the extractive minerals sector, as well as hydropower projects. The government anticipates launching tenders for two large hydropower and associated off-take projects later in 2023. Greenland has large deposits of critical minerals and rare earth elements. Greenland owns and has disposal rights over all mineral resources, including oil and gas resources. The Greenlandic government announced in July 2021 its decision to cease issuing licenses for hydrocarbon exploration.
The Greenlandic government seeks to increase economic growth and government revenues by promoting the further development of fisheries, extractive resources, renewable energy production, and tourism while periodically trimming the public sector through privatization of enterprises currently owned by the government. Key initiatives include improving access to and localizing financing for new businesses and enhancing Greenland’s corporate tax competitiveness. Over the past decade, rising prices for fish and shellfish, the predominant Greenlandic exports, have generated solid earnings for large parts of the fisheries sector, though they were negatively impacted by COVID-19 border closures in China. The Greenlandic government directed state-owned enterprises to stop trading with Russia in February 2022 and announced its intent to join EU sanctions against Russia. The Greenlandic parliament adopted legislation in May 2022 providing the framework for the government to impose sanctions against Russia.
To meet anticipated demand, the Government of Greenland has extensive plans to improve infrastructure. The capital Nuuk (population 19,700) is growing in large part through economic migration from within the country. The government is expanding the airport to accommodate direct international flights, has a multilingual workforce, an active shipping and cruise port, and additional planned investments in roads, housing, and port expansion. The government is improving access to Greenland’s primary tourist destination Ilulissat (population 4,850) through an airport expansion. Additionally, the Government of Greenland is planning a new airport in Qaqortoq, the municipal seat of South Greenland, with plans for additional infrastructure improvements as well. Lastly Sisimiut, the second-largest town (population 5,440) in Greenland, is home to Greenland’s northernmost port that remains ice free year-round. Private partnerships are underway to expand adventure tourism from the shoreline to the polar ice cap and to increase access to the area’s UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other efforts to develop tourism include increases in hotel capacity and a focus on promoting foreign language education to create a more multilingual workforce. The government is calling for stricter safety requirements for navigation in Greenlandic waters.
Greenland offers world-class deposits of rare earths and critical minerals. In the mineral extractives sector, one anorthosite mine is in production. The government granted a company an exploitation license to restart a gold mine in southern Greenland. The Dundas ilmenite project is actively being developed, while an Australia-based company is working to develop one of the world’s largest zinc deposits located in northeast Greenland. Two small Australia-based companies are seeking to extract rare earth elements in South Greenland. The resources in both of these projects are globally significant; each would rank in the top five worldwide if they were developed. One of the projects, Kringlerne, received an exploitation license in late 2020. In the other, the developer of the Kvanefjeld project has requested arbitration proceedings in its dispute with the Government of Greenland and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark following Greenland’s passage of a law in November 2021 banning mining of minerals containing more than 100 parts per million (ppm) of uranium, a limit which exploitation of the rare earth elements in Kvanefjeld would exceed. Additional exploration efforts are underway for minerals such as graphite.
Greenlandic Economic Outlook
Greenland is experiencing an economic boom with an increased demand for foreign labor and resources. The infrastructure investments in airports and harbors are creating increased activity, and the tourism sector is experiencing a strong comeback since COVID-19 lockdowns in 2020 and 2021. The Greenlandic Economic Council (GEC) – an independent advisory council – expects the economic prosperity driven by a lucrative market for the fisheries industry to continue in the coming years. A strong economy in recent years has led to labor shortages, both geographically and by sector, especially in connection with large construction projects. Unemployment has declined from about 10 percent in 2014 to 3.7 percent in 2021. Currently, 70 percent of all available jobs are in the capital Nuuk, and 90 percent of all available jobs are in just three locations: Nuuk (in which a third of the population resides), Sisimiut, and Pituffik Space Base (re-named from Thule Air Force Base in April 2023). The GEC estimated that real GDP grew on average by 0.92 percent annually from 2017 to 2021. The GEC forecast real growth to reach 1.8 percent for 2022 and 0.8 percent for 2023. Unlike the rest of the world, inflation did not increase dramatically in Greenland in 2022. This is due to long-term contracts for oil, which is the predominant source of energy after hydropower. The GEC estimated that inflation will increase from 2.2 percent in 2022 to 5 percent in 2023.
The Greenlandic parliament (“Inatsisartut”) and the Government of Greenland (“Naalakkersuisut”) adopted a Budget Act in 2016, which mandates that the budget cannot be in deficit on average over four contiguous years. The public budget ran surpluses from 2015 to 2019, but the COVID pandemic resulted in a deficit in 2020 and 2021. The budget also exhibited a deficit in 2022 and the government’s 2023 budget act estimates deficits in 2023 and 2024 to be followed by surpluses in 2025 and 2026. The deficits are partially due to large public expenditures in connection with construction activities such as the airports. Public consumption in Greenland was 44.7 percent of GDP in 2020, compared to 24.7 percent in Denmark.
The government, municipalities, and government-owned enterprises had a gross debt of approximately 27 percent of GDP in 2021 of $890 million (DKK 5.6 billion). The debt is projected to increase by an additional $425 million (DKK 3 billion) by 2024 due to large public construction projects. The GEC reported initially in 2017 that “projections for the public finances show a major sustainability problem.” The GEC has reaffirmed that finding in subsequent reports. The GEC has warned about the effects of increasing public expenditures as larger portions of the population age into retirement, resulting in fewer wage earners in the labor market. The GEC has also noted that a realistic plan to close the gap between expected expenditures and revenues could require the Greenlandic government to cut social spending, raise the retirement age, and increase vocational education and training. For Greenland to become a more self-sufficient economy, the GEC asserted that the extractive and tourism sectors would need further development. The GEC noted that Greenland has not sufficiently addressed its sustainability challenges and estimated that the public budget would need to be reinforced by $159 million (DKK 1 billion) annually by 2040 to accommodate the aging population.
The tourism and travel industries bore the brunt of the negative impacts of the COVID pandemic, as lockdowns in Greenland and travel restrictions in other countries effectively wiped out the 2020 and 2021 tourism seasons in Greenland. Cruise ship reservations for 2023 however, are the highest numbers Greenland has ever seen, with 711 calls to Greenland’s ports expected for the summer season. The cruise industry is not reported to yield a significant economic benefit for local businesses, so Greenland is focusing efforts on more eco-adventure travel and related investments to increase tourism revenues.
Greenland’s vast geographic expanse and Arctic climate prevent interconnected physical and telecommunications infrastructure. Greenland has adapted by developing localized and sometimes regional solutions for water, power, and telecommunications, which has opened the door for a variety of micro, small-, and large-scale solutions, and a combination of low- and hi-tech solutions. Greenland’s government-owned telecommunications company predominantly uses Ericsson equipment and announced that it would continue to do so for future upgrades, including 5G. Major ports are multi-purpose, nearing capacity in some cases in order to accommodate freight, industry, local fishermen, and cruise lines.
Establishing a Company in Greenland
Information on establishing a business in Greenland can be found on tradeinvest.gl.
Danish business (CVR) registration through indberet.virk.dk is required to conduct business in Greenland. Furthermore, companies planning to have employees must register as an employer with the employer register Sulinal: https://sulinal.nanoq.gl . Foreign companies may start their businesses in Greenland either through a subsidiary (both ApS and A/S type companies) or via a registered branch office.
ApS and A/S
An ApS (private limited company) or A/S (public limited company) is a separate legal entity with limited liability for its shareholders. The main difference between a private (ApS) and a public (A/S) limited company is that the shares of a private limited company cannot be issued publicly. Therefore, an ApS cannot be subject to listing or otherwise issue shares to the public to secure more capital. In addition, there are a few differences concerning capital and management requirements. Under the Companies Act, the minimum share capital requirement for an ApS is $5,650 (DKK 40,000). The minimum share capital requirement for an A/S is $56,500 (DKK 400,000). However, under the Danish Companies Act, it is possible to incorporate an A/S and only pay 25 percent of this amount (i.e., $14,125 (DKK 100,000)), leaving the company with a receivable on the shareholders for the outstanding amount (i.e., $42,375 (DKK 300,000)). A founder of a company may be foreign or Greenlandic individuals or corporate entities. Both ApS and A/S companies can be registered via the Danish Business Authority’s (DBA) online system. No registration fees are required.
Registered Branch Office
A foreign company may typically establish a registered branch office in Greenland instead of establishing a Greenlandic company. A branch of a foreign company may be created through an application with the DBA. Companies within the EU and European Economic Area (EEA) may set up a branch in Greenland and Denmark without further approval from the DBA. However, companies outside of the EU/EEA must obtain approval before registering.
A foreign company can do business in Greenland in a consecutive or non-consecutive 90-day period over 12 months without being required to register as a business.
The Greenlandic tax system is based on flat-rate taxation of business profits for both resident and non-resident corporations. Greenland operates with a net income principle, where the taxable income is calculated as a total net amount after deductions. The net income principle means that all income is treated equally, regardless of whether the income comes from employment, self-employment, investment income, or pensions, etc. As the rules of taxation for businesses can be complicated, potential investors may seek to retain guidance from the Greenlandic Tax Agency ( www.aka.gl ) or professional consultants.
Greenland has double taxation agreements with Denmark, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, Canada, the United States, Cayman Islands, Isle of Man, Bermuda, Jersey, and Guernsey. Greenland signed a Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) agreement with the United States.
The corporate income tax rate is 25 percent; an additional surcharge of 6 percent of the tax payable brings the total corporate tax rate to 26.5 percent.
The taxation of royalty payments is 30 percent. Greenland has no value-added tax (VAT) system, property tax, sales tax, or similar taxes. There are, however, some payable duties, such as taxes for cruise liners, ports duties, etc. There are four types of depreciation in the Greenlandic tax law. Buildings can be depreciated 5 percent annually. Ships, planes, and hydrocarbon prospecting can be depreciated 10 percent annually. Mineral licenses can be depreciated 25 percent each year for four years, and operating equipment can be depreciated at a rate of 30 percent annually. Assets with a cost of less than $14,125 (DKK 100,000) may be depreciated in the year of acquisition.
Greenlandic permanent establishments of foreign companies are taxed under the same rules and rates as Greenlandic resident companies. There is no branch profits remittance tax or other similar tax on branch profits. If a foreign company has more than one location or permanent establishment in Greenland, these are treated as separate taxable entities with no possibility of consolidation.
The Greenlandic labor force was 28,933 persons in 2021. Average unemployment for 2021 was 3.7 percent according to Statistics Greenland. Unemployment has decreased significantly, especially in Nuuk. According to Statistics Greenland, 57.3 percent of the Greenlandic population age 16 and above had an education beyond primary school in 2021. Of these, 20.3 percent had vocational education, while 13.6 percent had some form of tertiary education. The official language of Greenland is Greenlandic. Residents of Greenland may speak Greenlandic, Danish, or both. English is not widely spoken in Greenland, although its usage is growing among professionals working in international contexts and as English is now part of compulsory education.
In December 2012, Greenland passed legislation known as the “Large Scale Act,” which allows companies to use foreign labor during the construction phase of development when project costs exceed $706 million (DKK 5 billion) and workforce requirements exceed the local labor supply. The Act is intended for potential mining or infrastructure projects in Greenland. The Act lays out the framework for politically negotiated Impact Benefit Agreements (IBA) for the Government of Greenland and the employer to agree on the exact conditions of employment for foreign labor. The scale of Greenlandic labor utilized will be negotiated for each project and will vary depending on local capacity and the negotiated agreement for each project.
Foreign workers enjoy the same legal protections as Greenlandic workers, including the same $14.7 (DKK 103.83) per hour minimum wage and retention of the right to strike.
In 2021, Greenland implemented the Fast Track Scheme. This arrangement allows businesses in industries facing labor shortages to hire foreign workers who can begin working before they are approved for a work permit.
Investment in Natural Resources
Greenland possesses sizable discovered and undiscovered mineral resource potential. Some deposits are among the largest in the world. The country’s resources include iron and ferroalloys (iron, nickel, molybdenum, tungsten, and others), base metals (copper, zinc, and lead), specialty metals (rare earth elements, uranium, niobium, tantalum, and others), precious metals (platinum, gold, and others), and gemstones (diamonds, rubies, and sapphires). Mining industry experts anticipate that Greenland’s retreating ice will make the island’s rich stores of raw materials more easily accessible. However, exploration and exploitation projects will still face higher costs because of remote locations, lack of infrastructure, harsh climate, and distance to world markets. In 2021 the government implemented a limit of 100 ppm for uranium collocated with these deposits and granted the government authority to ban or limit mineral resource extraction for other types of radioactive elements.
With the 2009 SRA, Greenland gained rights to its mineral and hydrocarbon resources, and it acquired the regulatory authority over these on January 1, 2010. The SRA also created a revenue mechanism: if Greenland’s natural resources’ exploitation becomes commercially viable, Greenland will keep the first $10.6 million (DKK 75 million) in annual revenues derived from these resources. Additional revenues will be split equally between the Danish and Greenlandic governments. Denmark’s share will be transferred by deducting the equivalent amount from the annual block grant to Greenland of $565 million (DKK 4.0 billion). Once the block grant’s total value is reached, any additional revenue will be subject to negotiations between the Danish and Greenlandic governments.
Most of Greenland’s identified rare earth deposits are licensed by the Mineral License and Safety Authority, and some have reached advanced stages of exploration. In 2021, Greenland dropped significantly in the Canadian Fraser Institute’s Investment Attractiveness Index from 41st out of 77 jurisdictions to 61st of 84 jurisdictions. The survey highlighted the ban on exploration and production of uranium, political instability, and the lack of qualified officials as creating uncertainty for investors. In 2022, Greenland was dropped from the index.
Greenland General Business Information
The Department of Foreign Affairs, Business and Trade’s website – http://tradeinvest.gl/ – helps foreign companies search for information about trade with and investment in Greenland. The website contains relevant information for companies, such as requirements and regulations for import and export between Greenland and the United States. There are descriptions of the various sectors in Greenland such as fishing, raw materials and mining, tourism, ice and water, and research. Information from the Greenlandic government on natural resource exploration and extraction can be found at http://www.govmin.gl . Information about doing business in Greenland can be found at https://www.businessingreenland.com/ . Statistics on Greenland can be found at http://www.stat.gl/default.asp?lang=en .
In Greenland it is not possible to acquire private ownership of land, but a right of use may be sold for an area, i.e. if you buy property, you own the building, not the land on which it sits.
By law, private property can only be expropriated for public purposes in areas where the Greenlandic government has the competencies, in a non-discriminatory manner, and with reasonable compensation. There have been no recent expropriations of significance in Greenland.
There have been no significant disputes over foreign investment in Greenland in recent years, however, in March 2022, Australia-based Greenland Minerals requested arbitration in its dispute with the Governments of Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark over the future of its Kvanefjeld rare earths project. While it is common that disputes are settled in Greenlandic courts, the Danish Supreme Court remains the highest appeals court for disputes in Greenland. If a dispute is very specialized and within the purview of the Danish Administration of Justice Act, the parties involved can choose the Danish Maritime and Commercial Court as a court of first instance.
While Greenland’s democratic institutions and legal framework in general are strong, there have been some concerns about legislation being passed by parliament without significant hearing processes and public input.
Contact for more information on Greenland:
U.S. Consulate Nuuk, Greenland