COMOROS (Tier 2)
The Government of Comoros does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared with the previous reporting period, considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, if any, on its anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Comoros was upgraded to Tier 2. These efforts included identifying more trafficking victims and referring all victims to services; investigating more trafficking crimes, including a fraudulent recruiter; and establishing specialized anti-trafficking investigation units on Grande Comore and Anjouan. The government finalized a national referral mechanism (NRM) to refer victims to services. The government continued to disseminate and train officials on victim identification procedures and increased training for law enforcement on victim-centered, trauma-informed investigation techniques. The government established and dedicated personnel to the National Committee on the Prevention of Illegal Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons (NCTIP) to enhance inter-ministerial coordination on anti-trafficking efforts. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. The government did not initiate any new trafficking prosecutions and has never convicted a trafficker. The lack of short-term shelter and long-term housing for victims continued to adversely affect the government’s ability to adequately protect trafficking victims. The government did not have a national action plan (NAP), and anti-trafficking efforts on Anjouan and Mohéli remained minimal.