Introduction

This Report on Supplemental Assistance for Haiti is provided in response to Senate Report 113-195 accompanying S. 2499, incorporated by reference into the Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying the U.S. Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2015 (Div. J, P.L. 113-235), and calls for the Secretary of State to continue to submit the report on supplemental assistance for Haiti described in section 1003(b) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (P.L. 111-212) every 180 days until such funds are expended, as recommended in the U.S. Government Accountability Office’s (GAO)’s “Haiti Reconstruction” report (GAO-13-558). This report provides an update to the June 2016 submission of obligations, expenditures, and program outputs and outcomes funded by supplemental appropriations within the Post-Earthquake U.S. Government Haiti Strategy Toward Renewal and Economic Opportunity and includes an update on activity through September 2016.

Tab 1: Supplemental Report

This Report on Supplemental Assistance for Haiti is provided in response to Senate Report 113-195 accompanying S. 2499, incorporated by reference into the Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying the U.S. Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2015 (Div. J, P.L. 113-235), and calls for the Secretary of State to continue to submit the report on supplemental assistance for Haiti described in section 1003(b) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (P.L. 111-212) every 180 days until such funds are expended, as recommended in the U.S. Government Accountability Office’s (GAO)’s “Haiti Reconstruction” report (GAO-13-558). This report provides an update to the June 2016 submission of obligations, expenditures, and program outputs and outcomes funded by supplemental appropriations within the Post-Earthquake U.S. Government Haiti Strategy Toward Renewal and Economic Opportunity and includes an update on activity through September 2016.

Since January 2010, the U.S. government has committed $3.2 billion and disbursed $2.5 billion for reconstruction and development activities in Haiti. This amount includes the $918 million in emergency supplemental funding appropriated by Congress after the January 2010 earthquake.

Haiti (Fiscal Year 2010 Supplemental) Data as of September 30, 2016
$ in thousands for all items (except total) TOTAL Actual TOTAL Obligations Total Disbursements TOTAL % of Disbursements from Actual
Economic Support Fund (ESF) 763.0 756.4 652.8 86%
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) 144.6 144.6 123.0 85%
Admin & Evaluation 9.9 9.9 9.5 96%
Total 918 Million 911 Million 785 Million 85%

Terms
Obligations: For the purposes of the USAID spending reflected in this chart, obligations consist of legally-binding agreements that place funds into grants and contracts with implementing partners. Transfers of USAID funds to other entities such as the Multi-Donor Trust Fund are considered fully obligated and disbursed.
Obligations: For the purposes of INL spending reflected in this chart, obligations consist of legally-binding agreements. Transfers of INL funds to other entities are considered fully obligated, expended, and disbursed.
Disbursements: Payments that liquidate obligations; i.e., usually payments made to USG implementing partners as work is done.


Infrastructure and Energy: The U.S. government provided housing solutions for more than 328,000 individuals and supported efforts with other donors that resulted in nearly 94 percent of people in displaced persons camps finding alternative housing arrangements. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) shifted away from building new settlements, with 906 homes constructed at two locations and 426 homes constructed in partnership with other donors at two other locations (the number of sites was reduced with the termination of USAID’s work at one location due to technical and operational issues). In support of the Government of Haiti’s revised housing strategy, USAID assistance continues to focus on improving existing communities and leveraging the ability of low-income Haitian households to build and improve their homes by accessing domestic credit markets. USAID continues to work in both formal and informal neighborhoods by supporting the capacity development of the Government of Haiti to manage these neighborhoods and conduct training to promote practices for better quality housing construction. USAID’s innovative housing finance program has engaged a number of private sector actors including financing institutions and property developers. Loans have been issued for improvements, expansion, and new housing work.

By request of the Haitian government, port assistance was redirected from constructing a new port at Fort Liberte to rehabilitating the port at Cap-Haitien to meet the near- to medium-term demand for port services in the northern part of Haiti. The U.S. government in collaboration with the Government of Haiti developed the procurement documents for a USAID-funded design/build port contract and a Government of Haiti public-private partnership transaction contract for operation and maintenance of the improved port. The USAID procurement process is in the pre-qualification stage. A contract award is planned for August 2017 with an anticipated 30 month design/build period. The Government of Haiti has completed the competitive pre-qualification process and the three pre-qualified entities are preparing their bids. The Government of Haiti projects it will award a contract for port operation and maintenance in May 2017. USAID awarded contracts for customs and regulatory reforms and implementation is proceeding. For the utility in the north, reliable electricity continues to be provided to the tenants of the Caracol Industrial Park and five surrounding communities in which electricity bill collection rates exceed 95 percent.

Food and Economic Security: The Feed the Future/North (FtF/N) project is being implemented and successfully increasing the incomes of thousands of Haitian farmers. Two droughts, a major flood, and management problems, however, have hindered the implementation of this project. In addition to FtF/N, four new agricultural projects – including two small activities with local

partners – in the west and Saint Marc corridors have started as follow-ons to the previous FtF/West program, which officially ended in February 2015. Through U.S government agricultural programs, the combined effect of increased yields, better resource management, and the strengthening of markets has had a significant positive impact on food security by doubling farmers’ incomes and improving their livelihoods. The FtF projects have introduced improved seeds, fertilizer, and innovative technologies to more than 100,000 farmers. These activities have increased yields in four focus crops – rice, corn, beans, and plantains – and have increased exports for mango and cacao. The introduction of new technology coupled with appropriate inputs and the rehabilitation of irrigation canals allow farmers to double or triple yields of the focus crops. USAID has planted more than five million fruit and forest tree seedlings, built close to 400 greenhouses, and constructed gabions to increase water infiltration. Greenhouses were introduced to allow farmers to generate income and keep from destroying the environment by alleviating the need to cut down trees for farming.

The U.S. government strategy is helping achieve the Haitian government’s goal of creating jobs and increasing household income levels, savings, and other assets, resulting in increased economic security. The matching grant program for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is doing very well. A total of 48 grants were awarded through September 2016, leveraging more than $10 million in private sector investment for $6.2 million of USAID funds. To date, this grant program has created more than 12,000 new jobs. Through the local enterprise and value chain enhancement program, the U.S. government is also providing technical assistance and business development services to help SMEs become more competitive and better able to manage their assets. This includes technical assistance in both product quality and management. This program is actively working with 599 SMEs and has created more than 2,689 jobs. As previously mentioned, the utility in the north supported by the U.S. government in partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank and the Haitian government, continues to supply reliable power to the tenants of the Caracol Industrial Park and five surrounding communities; so far, the park has created 10,000 jobs. Commercial banks have increased their lending to SMEs, using USAID’s Development Credit Authority guarantee program. These programs are working to help Haiti’s private sector; an essential contributor to the country’s long-term economic development and vitality.

Health and Other Basic Services: Progress continues toward rebuilding Haiti’s health infrastructure. The Government of Haiti awarded a design-build contract for the Haiti State University Hospital, funded through a $15 million contribution from each donor: the U.S. government, Agence Francaise de Development, and the Government of Haiti. USAID funded $20 million for the construction of the National Campus of Health Sciences. Work on this facility is substantially complete. Construction began on the remainder of the health infrastructure portfolio with a number of the smaller clinic upgrades already completed. Sustainability of major capital investments continues to be a focus of discussions with the Ministry of Health. The disabled population continues to be a major focus of the U.S. government strategy.

Governance and Rule of Law: Haiti’s largest-ever class of 1,475 police cadets graduated from basic training in May 2016. The Haitian National Police (HNP) determined the police school facilities were inadequate to support classes of this size consistently. The current class was reduced, and approximately 965 cadets are expected to graduate in March 2017. Upon graduation, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) will have supported more than 5,665 new HNP officers since the earthquake, and the HNP will reach its five year target of 15,000 officers. The police are matching force growth with strong leadership. The interim government appointed Haiti’s only graduate of the FBI academy as HNP Director General in April, and he was confirmed by parliament for a three-year term in August. As the first career officer to rise to this rank from entry level, he appointed several U.S. trained officers to leadership positions. Six of the 13 senior officers INL supported since 2010 in the executive-level Inter-American Defense College training program now head key police units, including regional departments, corrections, the presidential guard, and strategic planning. The HNP lacks administrative and operational capacities and resources to become self-sustaining. Haiti must address rule of law challenges in its corrections and justice sectors. The Haitian government will need to build upon policing successes and focus on improving prison conditions and adopting systemic legal reforms to address pre trial detention.

The Haitian-led community police “youth explorer” outreach program, mentored by INL-funded rotations of New York City Police officers, produced in its first year several candidates who competed to become police cadets in 2015 2016. INL prioritizes gender equality in all of its programs.

The HNP promotes women to higher positions and seeks placements for women in elite units. INL completed two prisons in 2016, a 250-bed women’s prison in Cabaret in January, and a 300-bed prison in Fort Liberte in August. INL will complete construction of one additional prison in 2017 and is helping the UN complete a fourth. The HNP trained and assigned 183 members of the most recent graduating cadet class to bolster the understaffed corrections department to help it open and operate new facilities. In December 2015, Haiti achieved its first prosecution of a government official under its 2014 anti-corruption law, resulting in a conviction, prison sentence, and fines. Two cases that began in March 2016 concluded in April and May with Haiti’s first convictions under the 2014 anti trafficking-in-persons law. Judges in all three cases credited U.S. (INL- and USAID-provided) mentoring with assisting the successful adjudications.

One of the core principles of the U.S. government’s Haiti strategy is that assistance will be Haitian-led to build the country’s capacity. The U.S. government has involved Haitian civil society organizations in identifying priorities and in conceptualizing, designing, and implementing its programs, while keeping communities apprised of progress and changes in activity timelines. Such engagement is critical to ensuring local ownership, sustainability of activities, and transparent distribution of resources. USAID began the consultative process for developing a Country Development Cooperation Strategy for 2018-2023. USAID Haiti held individual strategic consultations with 15 Haitian government ministries and six donor agencies; two consultative strategic fora with an estimated 230 civil society leaders and/or implementing partners; and a diaspora roundtable with an estimated 30 representatives from key diaspora organizations. These consultations are in addition to the civil society and Haitian representatives consulted for the Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance Assessment; the Gender Assessment; the Youth Assessment; the Biodiversity and Tropical Forestry Assessment; the Political Economy Analysis; the Public Financial Management Capacity Assessment; and the Private Sector Landscape Analysis (forthcoming).

Tab 2: Public Outreach and Consultations with Civil Society Organizations

The U.S. government strategy for outreach to the Haitian public and civil society aims to highlight progress throughout the life of its programs in Haiti. USAID also actively promotes the ability of civil society organizations (CSOs) and grassroots organizations to engage with Haitian government officials at both the national and local levels. This strategy includes events that promote awareness of program startup, midterm achievements, and successful completion, as well as other public events – all of which are well covered by local media.

The USAID Mission designed a multi-media strategy to communicate USAID’s programmatic efforts that address the Haitian people’s priorities and demonstrate the U. S. government’s long-term commitment to supporting the Government of Haiti in its effort to create sustainable development. The multi media strategy is comprised of diverse outreach mechanisms that focus on the successful collection and dissemination of information that tracks USAID progress in Haiti; outreach to local media; and direct communication with local implementing partners, civil society, and the Haitian public.

USAID hosts frequent public events conducted in French and Creole that receive ample coverage in the local media. Public outreach events include officials from the Government of Haiti, local implementing partners, and civil society. The Mission also speaks directly to the Haitian public through participation in radio talk show programs, which are the primary news source for nearly 90 percent of Haitians. For example, in 2016 the Mission’s flagship Feed the Future program sponsored a series of radio broadcasts on a number of agricultural topics that also served to showcase U.S. support to food production and agricultural sector growth. To further these efforts, USAID contracted with a public relations firm to boost efforts to communicate with local audiences through video productions in Creole, which will be broadcast on local television and posted on the internet. USAID social media outreach in English, French, and Creole is closely coordinated with the embassy’s public diplomacy social media outreach on Twitter and Facebook. This social media outreach also reaches the Haitian diaspora, which actively influence and play an important role in supporting the country’s development efforts. On average, USAID Haiti does four public outreach and media events a month across all USAID sectors of programming and regularly featuring the Mission Director or the United States ambassador and Haitian government ministers and officials.

Finally, to increase support to local Haitian organizations, USAID supports a Local Solutions program that provides business planning, fundraising, management, and technology support to CSOs and Haitian grantees to strengthen their operations.

The U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) works actively with the embassy’s Public Affairs Section to communicate its contributions to the development of the Haitian National Police (HNP). Creole-speaking staff members have been interviewed on local radio stations about U.S. government police and prison programs. An INL supported subject matter expert embedded within HNP Women’s Affairs supported, alongside the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti, the production of a “Proud to be a Police Woman” recruitment video and a video featuring women officers in the HNP that aired nationally in 2016.

INL also supports the HNP Inspector General’s Office (IG) with an embedded expert. That office reported a 12 percent increase in calls in the second year of an anonymous hotline established in 2014, which the IG attributed to improved public confidence in the HNP to address issues. The IG continues to hold monthly press conferences and regular meetings with regional and religious authorities to update the public on police internal affairs and remind citizens how to submit complaints. As a result of collaboration with civil society groups on the vetting of incoming police cadets, the HNP investigated 56 cadets and dismissed six trainees in 2016 prior to graduation based on derogatory information uncovered by Haiti’s most prominent human rights organization. Taking police conduct seriously; the HNP implemented a probationary period for first-year officers starting with the May 2016 graduating class.

Tab 3: Supplemental Financial Report as of September 2016

Supplemental Financial Report as of September 2016 [PDF]

Tab 4: Haiti Strategy

Haiti Strategy [PDF]

Tab 5: Additional Quantitative and Qualitative Indicators for Earthquake Response

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) /Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) provided the following, as this program was completed as of September 2014:

  • USAID/OTI used a variety of quantitative and qualitative indicators to evaluate progress across more than 900 distinct activities at the activity, program objective, and strategic levels for its programs in Haiti from January 2010 through September 2013. Illustrative quantitative indicators with final outputs include:
    • Number of people employed: Employed more than 45,000 community members, including women and youth, through temporary cash-for-work projects.
    • Number in metric tons of rubble removed: Removed approximately 750,000 metric tons of earthquake rubble – half of the total rubble removed after the earthquake in 2010.
    • Number of government entities supported: Rehabilitated infrastructure, installed temporary office facilities, procured equipment, and/or provided technical assistance to 13 Government of Haiti entities including: Offices of the President and Prime Minister; Parliament; the Ministries of Agriculture, Planning, Justice, Communications, and Culture; and the Courts.
    • Number of displaced families relocated: Relocated more than 1,300 earthquake-affected families from camps in Place Boyer and Place St. Pierre in Petionville. The Martelly administration adopted this successful model for their “16/6” community stabilization initiative to resettle internally displaced persons residing in six camps and improve living conditions in 16 areas throughout Port-au-Prince.

USAID/OTI conducted case studies of its infrastructure, industrial sewing training, and public safety activities to help evaluate the combined impact of activity clusters and to document lessons learned. An external final evaluation team found the program was successful at adapting to the changing context, community needs, and U.S. government policy priorities, while seizing key windows of opportunity to achieve the program goal of post-earthquake recovery and stabilization as well as the program objectives of community stabilization, enabling the Government of Haiti to function, and increasing citizen engagement.

International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

As referenced in the report, INL measures the progress of its programs through performance indicators, including these illustrative examples:

  • Number of new Haitian National Police (HNP) cadets that graduate from the Academy/year: The 22nd promotion in 2011 totaled 877 cadets, the 23rd promotion in 2012 totaled 240 cadets, the 24th promotion in 2013 totaled 1,058 cadets, and the 25th promotion graduated 1,118 new cadets (including 112 women) in January 2015. The 26th promotion of 1,475 new cadets (180 women) graduated in May 2016, bringing the total number of cadets supported in basic training since the earthquake to more than 4,700.
  • Structures constructed: As of September 2016, HNP commissariats in Grand Ravine, Caracol, La Pointe, Martissant, Vivy-Michel, and St. Marc; a barracks for the Presidential Security Unit detail in Port-au-Prince; office space for the HNP’s Strategic Planning Unit; a wall for the Magistrates’ School; a prison in Ft. Liberte; and a women’s prison in Cabaret are complete. A new prison in Petit Goave is under construction, and INL is assisting the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) complete another prison in Hinche. INL is also assisting UNOPS to refurbish three commissariats in Hinche, Tabarre, and Killick. Modular office space and kennel installations to house the HNP Counternarcotics Unit’s K-9 unit are complete at Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haitien airports. The installation of additional counternarcotics police office space around the country and the building of an additional police commissariat at Terrier Rouge are underway.
  • Number of canines provided for the HNP Counternarcotics Unit: To date, INL has purchased 19 dogs and paid for training for the dogs and their handlers.
  • Number of justice sector actors trained: INL has supported the training of approximately 3,300 police, prosecutors, and judges since 2011 on basic and specialized skills, including investigation techniques, pre-trial preparations and defending/prosecuting a suspect during trial, as well as specialized trainings on issues such as investigating and prosecuting perpetrators of transnational crimes, including drug trafficking, trafficking-in-persons, anti-corruption and money laundering, kidnapping, sexual- and gender-based violence, criminal code reform, ethics, and human rights.

Tab 6: Health and Disabilities Program Update through September 2016

A central tenet of the U.S. government health strategy in Haiti is to address the needs of the disabled population. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is supporting the Government of Haiti and Haitian civil society capacity to provide care and rehabilitation services for people with disabilities through the establishment of service centers to provide surgical interventions, mobility aids, physical rehabilitation, psychosocial and social service support, and vocational programs for persons with disabilities.

Through the spinal cord injury program implemented by St. Boniface Hospital in Fonds des Blancs, 149 patients benefited from clinical and rehabilitation care, of which 114 remain active in the program. Handicap International has reached 204 children with disabilities through awareness sessions, including on prevention of HIV, violence, and abuse. Fifty-one teachers, supervisors, and medical and educational staff, including Institut du Bien être Social et de la Recherche (IBESR) staff were sensitized through training modules on non-discrimination, protection, detection, and care for orphans and vulnerable children including disabled children in the context of HIV. Local partner Service Chretien trained 246 people (religious leaders, local authorities, members of civil society) on reintegration of people with disabilities.

U.S. government support has also strengthened the qualified workforce to serve disabled populations. The USAID disabilities program established and developed the first standardized Rehabilitation Technician Training Program in Haiti. U.S. government-supported projects graduated 50 rehabilitation technicians trained in the hospital and community approaches and 22 orthotics and prosthetics technicians, the first cohort of technicians to be fully trained in Haiti. Four hundred and sixty service providers benefitted from seminars on mobility, rehabilitation, and physical therapy. U.S. government funding also supported the development and submission of a national rehabilitation training curriculum to the Ministry of Health.

USAID has worked to build capacity of disabled people organizations (DPOs) to provide essential services to people with disabilities. One hundred and twenty-four service providers were trained in key management areas such as leadership, gender, financial management, monitoring and evaluation, and project design, and 10 DPOs were trained in accessibility standards and universal design. Twelve DPOs were trained to ensure people with disabilities know their rights as detailed in Haitian laws, the Haitian Constitution, and the UN Convention. In addition, USAID provided small grants of $50,000 to five disabled people organizations to implement projects related to income generation for the disabled community and sensitization on social inclusion through radio, billboards, and leaflets.

USAID is also improving access for students with disabilities in the education sector. USAID retrofitted 19 primary schools, adding access ramps and railings and where possible widening the doorway openings to accommodate students with physical disabilities; and provided disability awareness training to more than 660 teachers and school principals, 800 school staff, 400 parents, and more than 62,000 community members.

USAID is promoting inclusive education for students with visual impairments. Collaborating with a local NGO, USAID is increasing access to quality education for children who are blind and visually impaired in

Port-au-Prince and Cap Haitien. This project will integrate 250 students with visual impairments into mainstream classrooms; provide needed resources, such as computer rooms with equipment for the visually impaired; and print 150 books in braille and audio.

U.S. Department of State

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