Additional Details on FY 2003 Performance Results - Strategic Goal 9: Social and Environmental Issues

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003
Report

Performance Goal 1: Global Health

Initiative/Program #1: Global Health

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #1: STATUS OF THE GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY ACTION GROUP (GHSAG)
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
The GHSAG clarifies its mission and membership considerations. The GHSAG forms technical working groups on key issues such as risk management, containment/ isolation, pandemic influenza and support for a WHO smallpox vaccine reserve. GHSAG develops a formalized network of laboratories to enhance cooperation and collaboration. N/A GHSAG has formed technical working groups. In December 2002, GHSAG formed a new technical working group (TWG) on Pandemic Influenza. During the GHSAG working meeting in September 2003 in Ottawa, GHSAG members decided to add SARS to the topic of the Influenza TWG. GHSAG has tested Incident Scale. GHSAG members are prepared to submit Terms of Reference for GHSAG Ministerial Meeting in November 2003. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: The U.S. is an active member of GHSAG, with representation and/or leadership in all its Technical Working Groups. Because of the active role the U.S. plays, we have great confidence in the GHSAG-generated and reported data. The date comes from GHSAG activities and member states (the U.S. is one of eight). It is maintained and tracked by the GHSAG Secretariat housed at Canada's Ministry of Health. The Department trusts the GHSAG data, and uses it in decision-making.
  • Data Validation: Goal are about GHSAG's ability to be operational - and data indicates that the organization continues to grow and develop innovative activities.
  • Partners: HHS is U.S. lead on GHSAG involvement. Close collaboration with Ministries of Health in other seven GHSAG nations.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #2: COUNTRIES OR REGIONS WITH STABILIZED OR REDUCED
RATES OF NEW HIV INFECTIONS
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
A total six countries stabilize or reduce rates of new HIV infections. N/A Tanzania added as sixth country to have stabilized or reduced rates of new HIV infections. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is preliminary and derives from the UN Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
  • Data Validation: The U.S. is devoting considerable resources, both financial and human, to the fight against AIDS. The purpose is to reduce illness and death; infection and prevalence rates are the demonstration of whether or not results are being achieved.
  • Partners: Within the U.S. Government: USAID, HHS, Labor, Department of Defense.
  • Other: UNAIDS, other bilateral donors, Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, World Health Organization.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #3: STATUS OF INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION, AND PARTNERSHIPS TO
SUPPORT HEALTH, INCLUDING THE GLOBAL FUND TO FIGHT AIDS, TUBERCULOSIS, AND MALARIA
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1. Sign the first grant agreements for the Global Fund, which indicate agreement on the monitoring and evaluation framework. 1. N/A 1. All but one of the first round of grant agreements has been signed. On Target
2. The Global Fund database to track country-level partnerships is in place, to ensure that country-level mechanisms are true public-private partnerships. 2. N/A 2. Database has not been established but a survey is evaluating country level mechanisms. On Target
3. Funding increases, including funds from one additional foundation, one commercial enterprise. 3. N/A 3. Pledges have increased, with more-in-kind donations from both foundations and commercial enterprises. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: The Global Fund web site is highly accurate on their spending and on grants agreements. The entire U.S. government uses their web site. There are no other databases.
  • Data Availability: The Fund maintains an extensive web site and maintains a policy of transparency. However, information on country-level mechanisms is not as detailed as hoped.
  • Data Validation: If the three major killers of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria are to be dealt with, increasing funding will be required for prevention, treatment and care programs. We now have successful models to use; the Global Fund represents one mechanism for scaling-up successful programs so they reach more people.
  • Partners: HHS, USAID.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #4: NUMBER OF BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL MEETINGS IN WHICH
THE U.S. PLAYS A LEADERSHIP ROLE IN DEALING WITH HEALTH ISSUES
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
The United States participates in UN meetings dealing with health issues, and in two bilateral meetings. N/A The United States participated in at least nine health-related multilateral meetings in FY 2003, e.g., World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization, UNAIDS, International Agency for Research on Cancer, and two meetings to negotiate the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Bilateral meetings on health held with India, Singapore, and Vietnam.
On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is reliable. Department keeps track of all international meetings for which it accredits delegations.
  • Data Validation: Records regarding accreditation of U.S. delegations to these types of meetings are maintained in the Department's Bureau of International Organization Affairs.
  • Partners: HHS and USAID.
  • Other Issues: Beginning in FY 2004, the Department will no longer report on this indicator because its validity as a measure of the Department's efforts and performance in the area of global health is limited.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #5: DEPARTMENT-WIDE AWARENESS OF GLOBAL HEALTH ISSUES AND USG POLICY
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Briefings for ambassadors and other USG personnel on health issues and USG policy. N/A Four regional U.S. chiefs of mission conferences on HIV/AIDS held in 2003 in Bangkok, Kiev, Moscow, and Port-of-Spain. Meetings included USG personnel from all relevant agencies, both from Washington and field offices. Briefings on health issues at meetings of regional Environment, Science, Technology and Health officers in Europe, Latin America, and Asia. Above Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Internally generated; conferences supported by OES/IHA.
  • Data Validation: AIDS programs depend on strong political leadership. U.S. diplomatic efforts are crucial to mobilizing and supporting such leadership.
  • Partners: ONAP, HHS, DoD, USAID.
  • Other Issues: Beginning in FY 2004, the Department will no longer report on this indicator because its validity as a measure of the Department's efforts and performance in the area of global health is limited.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #6: STATUS OF MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Five countries decrease maternal mortality rate by at least two percent. N/A N/A: No result to report, as the Department did no work in relation to this target in FY 2003. N/A
Details of 2003 Results
  • Partners: USAID, HHS, UNFPA.
  • Other Issues: This indicator is not an appropriate measure of the Department's international population activities. The Department does not fund programs directly affecting maternal mortality. USAID does support programs directly affecting maternal mortality, and tracks related indicators. Performance planning and reporting on U.S. international population policy will be further coordinated through the joint State-USAID Strategic Planning Framework for FY 2004-2009.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #7: NUMBER OF UN POPULATION FUND (UNFPA)
FIELD MONITORING TRIPS CONDUCTED
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Make three monitoring trips to UNFPA program countries. N/A Department special teams conducted two monitoring trips to China, a UNFPA program country, in FY 2003. Slightly Below Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason For Performance Shortfall: Ability to conduct monitoring trips was limited by staffing shortfalls. Monitoring trips were time-intensive, with each lasting roughly 2 weeks, so that the number of trips was less significant.
  • Steps Being Taken To Improve Performance: This indicator will be discontinued for FY 2005. However, the Department plans to increase human resources dedicated to population policy, which should improve monitoring of UNFPA program countries.
  • Data Reliability: Results are based on reports/testimony by Department special teams that conducted field monitoring trips.
  • Data Validation: Trip reports/testimony provide evidence of the number of trips conducted, as well as their impact.
  • Partners: N/A
  • Other Issues: Beginning in FY 2004, the Department will no longer report on this indicator because it does not effectivelys measure the Department's efforts and performance in the area of global health.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #8: STATUS OF WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS (IHR)
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Work continues to ensure surveillance and reporting on man-made as well as natural disease outbreaks. N/A WHO strengthened its activities related to global and national-level disease surveillance and undertook major efforts with governments in limiting and controlling SARS. Work also continued on revising the WHO International Health Regulations with the target for adoption in 2005 of revised regulations. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is reliable. Material on these issues is maintained by HHS (lead USG agency) and the Department of State. Also, information on the status of IHR revision and WHO's disease surveillance (e.g., on SARS) is available through WHO.
  • Partners: HHS is the lead USG agency on infectious disease control and on the process of revising the International Health Regulations.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #9: COUNTRIES WITH SMALLPOX VACCINE AND DRUG STOCKPILES
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Two countries agree to establish stockpiles. N/A Baseline: Several countries now reporting development or expansion of national smallpox vaccine stockpiles. In March 2003, Germany reported a build-up of their smallpox vaccine stockpile. As of March 2003, Germany had amassed 64 million doses, with a target of an eventual 100 million doses. This stockpile will also include Vaccinia Immune Globulin (VIG) and antiviral medications. Italy also reported plans to increase their national stockpile of smallpox vaccine. Japan has 2.5 million doses stockpiled of an attenuated vaccine (LC16M8), with plans for further procurement. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: The U.S. is an active member of GHSAG, with representation and/or leadership in all its Technical Working Groups. All GHSAG members have reported regularly on their smallpox preparedness plans, with updates on vaccine stockpiles and vaccination strategies. The data comes from direct reports from other GHSAG member states. The Department trusts the data reported within GHSAG, and uses it in decision-making.
  • Data Validation: From country reports at GHSAG meeting in March, 2003.
  • Partners: HHS

Performance Goal 2: Environmental Protection

Initiative/Program #2: Sustainable Development

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #1: PARTNERSHIPS TO BUILD CAPACITY AND SECTORAL POLICIES, AND
PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, PROTECT MARINE RESOURCES AND TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1. Increase contributions to the World Bank Fund for Sustainable Fisheries by $2 million. Increase contributions to FAO Fish CODE. GEF institutes environmental performance measures and establishes an independent monitoring unit. Approximately
$600 million is available for project funding through GEF.
1. Increase contributions to the World Bank Fund for Sustainable Fisheries by $2 million. Increase contributions to FAO Fish CODE.

Results Set #1

  • The UN Fish Stocks Agreement has 36 parties.
  • Japan rejoins negotiations on highly migratory fish stocks in the central and western Pacific.
  • The Polar Bear Treaty and amendments to the U.S.-Canada Albacore Treaty and the eastern Pacific tuna convention are submitted to Congress for advice and consent to ratification. Senate consents to ratify amended South Pacific Tuna Access Treaty. Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife in the Wider Caribbean Marine Environment (SPAW Protocol) is ratified.
  • Three new States become Party to the Inter-American Sea Turtle Convention. U.S. tightens domestic fisheries rules relating to sea turtles; pushes for comparable changes by foreign governments.
  • Three new marine species are listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES). CITES rejected proposals to relax restrictions on whale and other marine species. International Whaling Commission (IWC) renewed bowhead whale quota.
  • FAO adopts strategy for improving data collection and reporting in fisheries, and work plan on eco-labeling and other non-tariff trade measures. World Bank initiates projects with targeted sustainable fisheries components in developing countries.
1. On Target
2. N/A 2. GEF institutes environmental performance measures and established an independent monitoring unit. Approximately $600 million is available for project funding through GEF. 2. GEF adopted strong environmental performance measures and established an independent monitoring unit. Over $600 million was made available for project funding in FY 2003. 2. Above Target
3. N/A 3. Launch partnerships, agreements, and implementation efforts to protect forests, migratory birds, coral reefs and other ecosystems.

Result Set #3

  • Department launches the President's Initiative Against Illegal Logging (PIAIL); and signs Tropical Forest Conservation agreement (TFCA) with Panama. Eleven major landscapes designated for protection pursuant to the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (BFP). The 12-country Montreal Process report on the State of Forests is released.
  • The Western Hemisphere Migratory Bird Conference generated support to develop a hemispheric strategy for conservation of migratory species.
  • Senior Officials of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) agree to support workshop on invasive species—to be hosted by China in 2004.
  • International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) workshop supported development of a best practices guide to coral reef assessment and management.
3. On Target
4. N/A 4. Key institutions and processes highlight energy, water, and domestic good governance issues and adopt approaches that support the implementation of sustainable development projects.

Results Set #4

  • UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) adopts reforms to focus on implementation in priority sectors, specifically water, sanitation, and human settlements in 2004-2005 and energy-related issues in 2005-2006.
  • The Water for the Poor Initiative, launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), improved water and/or sanitation services for more than 16 million people, The Global Village Energy Partnership to improve access to energy in developing countries grew from 70 to 246 government, civil society and international organization partners.
  • Shenyang, China legislature considers landmark legislation on environmental public participation and information, access, and Thailand launches wildlife enforcement initiative, recovering more than 33,000 animals, after Department-sponsored capacity-building efforts.
  • White Water to Blue Water Initiative (anounced at the World Summit on Sustainable Development) includes a focus on domestic good governance practices for integrated management of fresh water and marine resources in the wider Caribbean region.
4. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason for Target #1 Revision: U.S. programs are succeeding in modest ways to improve fisheries law enforcement, marine science, and management capabilities of developing countries. However, sufficient resources to engender needed long-term changes to fisheries management in most developing countries have yet to be available to be applied to this sector. The level of funding required to substantially improve capacity of many developing countries to conserve and manage their fish stocks is beyond the abilities of bilateral assistance; it requires engagement from IFIs. However, the resources to make contributions to the institutions and programs specifically identified in the Target have not become available. With respect to making contributions to the institutions and program specifically identified in the Performance Target, the U.S. will continue to explore options and opportunities for accomplishing this goal, taking other performance targets and priorities into account.
  • Reason for Target #3 Revision: First element of performance target #3 was added to reflect two achievements during FY 2003 that contribute substantially to the indicator. Third element revised due to opportunity to use OESI funding for a hemispheric conference. Fifth element of target #3 accounts for the use of a new tactic in generating interest in regional action plans for invasive species.
  • Data Reliability: Target #1: Reliable quantitative data is available on the number of States that have signed or deposited instruments of ratification for multilateral agreements and data on the quantity and kind of development assistance provided by international financial and multilateral institutions and donor countries is generally reliable and available. Target #2: collected by the World Bank, UN Environment Program, and UN Development Program. Target #3: N/A. Target #4: Data is based on direct experience or observation of State Department staff.
  • Data Validation: Target #1: The data is useful/appropriate to demonstrate or measure progress towards achievement of the targets because becoming party to global treaties and initiatives is an indicator of States' commitment to addressing marine conservation issues at the global and national levels. Target #2: Past experience with the World Bank and UN agencies gives strong confidence in validity of the data. Target #3: N/A. Target #4: Data demonstrates increased multilateral and bilateral focus on implementation of sustainable development at the national and subnational level, and growing recognition of the importance of good domestic governance for environmental protection as a key prerequisite to sustainable development.
  • Partners: Target #1: OMC coordinates and cooperates with a variety of other Federal agencies, state and tribal governments, non-governmental organizations and inter-governmental organizations in our work. Although DOS typically leads in negotiating new agreements, DOS and the Dept. of Commerce (NMGS) share the lead in working within existing regimes, particularly with respect to fisheries science. In addition, DOI (USFWS) has the lead on CITES issues, the U.S. Coast Guard works closely with us on enforcement issues, and USTR has the lead on some trade issues. Target #2: Treasury, EPA. Target #3: CBFP, USAID, National Park Service, USDA, Forest Service. Target #4: Department coordinates closely with DOJ, EPA, DOI, USFWS, NOAA, USDA, USAID and other government agencies, and is working to develop partnerships with a wide range of U.S. and international NGO's and private sector organizations to promote a focus on implementation of sustainable development through partnerships and through domestic good governance.
  • Other Issues: Beginning in FY 2004, the Department will no longer report on Target Set #1 because its validity as an accurate measure of Department efforts and performance in the area of oceans and fisheries is limited. The information contained in this years' report includes information relevant to the Department's efforts and performance in the area of oceans and fisheries which goes beyond the results specific to this Target Set. Likewise, Targets 3 and 4 are added to more fully capture the Department's performance on ecosystem protection and sustainable development.

 

Initiative/Program #3: Trade and Environment

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #2: STATUS OF TRADE AGREEMENTS OR GUIDELINES THAT MINIMIZE ENVIRONMENTAL HARM
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1. FTAs with Singapore and Chile are completed that have satisfactory environmental provisions. 1. N/A 1. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with Singapore and Chile are completed that have satisfactory environmental provisions. 1. On Target
2. OECD members agree to undertake formal discussions of environmental standards. 2. N/A 2. OECD members agree to undertake formal discussions of environmental standards. 2. On Target
3. U.S.-Jordan Environmental Forum agrees on workplan for environmental cooperation. 3. N/A 3. Discussions with Jordan expected early in new fiscal year. Substantial progress made on US-Morocco workplan for environmental cooperation. 3. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is highly reliable, based on direct experience and observation of State Department officials.
  • Data Validation: Singaport, Chile and Jordan Free Trade Agreements provide useful model for pursuing environmental provisions in, and environmental cooperation to complement, future trade agreements. OECD discussions of environmental standards reflect growing practice of environmental impact evaluation and mitigation in the context of international financing.
  • Partners: Department coordinates closely with USTR, EPA, DOI, DOJ, NOAA.

 

Initiative/Program #4: Global Climate Change and Clean Energy

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #3: STATUS OF BILATERAL, REGIONAL, AND GLOBAL
CLIMATE CHANGE PARTNERSHIPS AND INITIATIVES[1]
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Establish and begin implementing new partnerships with additional countries including Russia, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Brazil, Mexico, and the United Kingdom. Identify key outcomes and deliverables, with associated timelines. Begin detailed implementation of partnerships with Australia, Canada, the EU, India, and China. For existing partnerships, the Department will meet timelines for deliverables established in 2002. Complete reviews of existing partnerships will take place. N/A Initiated partnerships with New Zealand, Russia, Mexico, and South Africa, and continued exploratory discussions with Kazakhstan and Brazil. Advanced a range of cooperative activities with Australia, Canada, Central American countries, China, the EU, India, Italy and Japan. Results were consistent with 2002 timelines, and existing partnerships were reviewed. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is primarily qualitative assessments of interaction with partner countries.
  • Partners: Because climate change is an issue of such broad importance and complexity, OES works with a range of interagency partners including DOE, EPA, CEQ, CEA, NOAA, NASA, USAID, Treasury, USDA, NSF, DOC, DOI, DOT, and DOD.

Note 1: Climate change partnerships defined as officially established bilateral relationships on climate change.

 

Initiative/Program #5: Science and Technology Cooperation

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #4: STATUS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGREEMENTS
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Touching on the full spectrum of OES issues (science-based decision-making; environmental and biodiversity protection; marine sciences; energy; climate; HIV/AIDS and other health issues, and science, technology and engineering for sustainable development), establish, renegotiate, as necessary, and implement S&T agreements that forge partnerships between USG agencies, foreign counterparts, public and private research institutions, and industry. Establish, renegotiate, as necessary, and implement S&T agreements that forge partnerships between USG agencies, foreign counterparts, public and private research institutions, and industry.
  • Established new S&T agreements in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and the Philippines.
  • Renewed Ukraine S&T Agreement for 1 year to allow time to negotiate a new 5-year agreement.
  • Conducted S&T assessments of Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia).
  • Initiated S&T dialogue with Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), Kazakhstan, Norway, and Switzerland.
  • Expanded S&T relationships under existing agreements with Italy, Japan, South Korea, and Vietnam by adding new topics and partnerships.
  • Achieved record levels for Embassy Science Fellows Program.
  • Agreements with several additional states stalled due to lengthy negotiation over IPR negotiations, liability, and taxation issues.
Above Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason for Target Revision: To make more concise.
  • Data Reliability: Lack of database prevents accurate monitoring of C-175 processing time.