|Initial FY 2003 Target
||FY 2003 Result
||FY 2003 Performance Ratings|
|1. Increase contributions to the World Bank Fund for Sustainable Fisheries by $2 million. Increase contributions to FAO Fish CODE. GEF institutes environmental performance measures and establishes an independent monitoring unit. Approximately
$600 million is available for project funding through GEF.
|1. Increase contributions to the World Bank Fund for Sustainable Fisheries by $2 million. Increase contributions to FAO Fish CODE.
Results Set #1
- The UN Fish Stocks Agreement has 36 parties.
- Japan rejoins negotiations on highly migratory fish stocks in the central and western Pacific.
- The Polar Bear Treaty and amendments to the U.S.-Canada Albacore Treaty and the eastern Pacific tuna convention are submitted to Congress for advice and consent to ratification. Senate consents to ratify amended South Pacific Tuna Access Treaty. Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife in the Wider Caribbean Marine Environment (SPAW Protocol) is ratified.
- Three new States become Party to the Inter-American Sea Turtle Convention. U.S. tightens domestic fisheries rules relating to sea turtles; pushes for comparable changes by foreign governments.
- Three new marine species are listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES). CITES rejected proposals to relax restrictions on whale and other marine species. International Whaling Commission (IWC) renewed bowhead whale quota.
- FAO adopts strategy for improving data collection and reporting in fisheries, and work plan on eco-labeling and other non-tariff trade measures. World Bank initiates projects with targeted sustainable fisheries components in developing countries.
|1. On Target|
||2. GEF institutes environmental performance measures and established an independent monitoring unit. Approximately $600 million is available for project funding through GEF.
||2. GEF adopted strong environmental performance measures and established an independent monitoring unit. Over $600 million was made available for project funding in FY 2003.
||2. Above Target|
||3. Launch partnerships, agreements, and implementation efforts to protect forests, migratory birds, coral reefs and other ecosystems.
Result Set #3
- Department launches the President's Initiative Against Illegal Logging (PIAIL); and signs Tropical Forest Conservation agreement (TFCA) with Panama. Eleven major landscapes designated for protection pursuant to the Congo Basin Forest Partnership (BFP). The 12-country Montreal Process report on the State of Forests is released.
- The Western Hemisphere Migratory Bird Conference generated support to develop a hemispheric strategy for conservation of migratory species.
- Senior Officials of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) agree to support workshop on invasive species—to be hosted by China in 2004.
- International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) workshop supported development of a best practices guide to coral reef assessment and management.
|3. On Target|
||4. Key institutions and processes highlight energy, water, and domestic good governance issues and adopt approaches that support the implementation of sustainable development projects.
Results Set #4
- UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) adopts reforms to focus on implementation in priority sectors, specifically water, sanitation, and human settlements in 2004-2005 and energy-related issues in 2005-2006.
- The Water for the Poor Initiative, launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), improved water and/or sanitation services for more than 16 million people, The Global Village Energy Partnership to improve access to energy in developing countries grew from 70 to 246 government, civil society and international organization partners.
- Shenyang, China legislature considers landmark legislation on environmental public participation and information, access, and Thailand launches wildlife enforcement initiative, recovering more than 33,000 animals, after Department-sponsored capacity-building efforts.
- White Water to Blue Water Initiative (anounced at the World Summit on Sustainable Development) includes a focus on domestic good governance practices for integrated management of fresh water and marine resources in the wider Caribbean region.
|4. On Target|
|Details of 2003 Results
- Reason for Target #1 Revision: U.S. programs are succeeding in modest ways to improve fisheries law enforcement, marine science, and management capabilities of developing countries. However, sufficient resources to engender needed long-term changes to fisheries management in most developing countries have yet to be available to be applied to this sector. The level of funding required to substantially improve capacity of many developing countries to conserve and manage their fish stocks is beyond the abilities of bilateral assistance; it requires engagement from IFIs. However, the resources to make contributions to the institutions and programs specifically identified in the Target have not become available. With respect to making contributions to the institutions and program specifically identified in the Performance Target, the U.S. will continue to explore options and opportunities for accomplishing this goal, taking other performance targets and priorities into account.
- Reason for Target #3 Revision: First element of performance target #3 was added to reflect two achievements during FY 2003 that contribute substantially to the indicator. Third element revised due to opportunity to use OESI funding for a hemispheric conference. Fifth element of target #3 accounts for the use of a new tactic in generating interest in regional action plans for invasive species.
- Data Reliability: Target #1: Reliable quantitative data is available on the number of States that have signed or deposited instruments of ratification for multilateral agreements and data on the quantity and kind of development assistance provided by international financial and multilateral institutions and donor countries is generally reliable and available. Target #2: collected by the World Bank, UN Environment Program, and UN Development Program. Target #3: N/A. Target #4: Data is based on direct experience or observation of State Department staff.
- Data Validation: Target #1: The data is useful/appropriate to demonstrate or measure progress towards achievement of the targets because becoming party to global treaties and initiatives is an indicator of States' commitment to addressing marine conservation issues at the global and national levels. Target #2: Past experience with the World Bank and UN agencies gives strong confidence in validity of the data. Target #3: N/A. Target #4: Data demonstrates increased multilateral and bilateral focus on implementation of sustainable development at the national and subnational level, and growing recognition of the importance of good domestic governance for environmental protection as a key prerequisite to sustainable development.
- Partners: Target #1: OMC coordinates and cooperates with a variety of other Federal agencies, state and tribal governments, non-governmental organizations and inter-governmental organizations in our work. Although DOS typically leads in negotiating new agreements, DOS and the Dept. of Commerce (NMGS) share the lead in working within existing regimes, particularly with respect to fisheries science. In addition, DOI (USFWS) has the lead on CITES issues, the U.S. Coast Guard works closely with us on enforcement issues, and USTR has the lead on some trade issues. Target #2: Treasury, EPA. Target #3: CBFP, USAID, National Park Service, USDA, Forest Service. Target #4: Department coordinates closely with DOJ, EPA, DOI, USFWS, NOAA, USDA, USAID and other government agencies, and is working to develop partnerships with a wide range of U.S. and international NGO's and private sector organizations to promote a focus on implementation of sustainable development through partnerships and through domestic good governance.
- Other Issues: Beginning in FY 2004, the Department will no longer report on Target Set #1 because its validity as an accurate measure of Department efforts and performance in the area of oceans and fisheries is limited. The information contained in this years' report includes information relevant to the Department's efforts and performance in the area of oceans and fisheries which goes beyond the results specific to this Target Set. Likewise, Targets 3 and 4 are added to more fully capture the Department's performance on ecosystem protection and sustainable development.