Near East Region

Bureau of Resource Management
May 10, 2010

The Near East presents the United States with some of its most pressing security and political issues. The U.S. Government is looking forward to a new horizon of peace and cooperation based on a renewed commitment to the region to increase prosperity, spread freedom, and counter extremist ideology. Peace is the United States’ number-one priority for the Middle East. The United States will continue to help build a sovereign, stable, and self-reliant Iraq; counter the malign influence of Iran and its nuclear ambition; and promote political, social, and economic progress throughout the region.

Arab-Israeli Peace. The United States will advance a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The USG will support a Palestinian Authority Government committed to recognition of Israel, renunciation of violence, compliance with previous agreements (including the Roadmap for Peace), and assurance that the future Palestinian state will be just, viable, and democratic. While the U.S. commitment to Israel’s security is unshakable, the United States endeavors to advance peace on all tracks between Israel and its neighbors.

Principled Engagement with Iran. The United States is prepared for principled, respectful engagement with Iran. A nuclear-armed Iran would threaten its neighbors, derail efforts for comprehensive Middle East Peace, and pose a threat to international security. Working with its partners, the U.S. Government will confront Iran’s illicit behavior — noncompliance with international nuclear obligations, state sponsorship of terrorism, destabilizing activities in the Middle East, and an abysmal human rights record — on various fronts.

An Iraq that is Sovereign, Stable, and Self-Reliant. The Iraqi and American people share a common goal for the future: an Iraq that is sovereign, stable, and self-reliant. The United States supports an Iraqi Government that is just, representative, accountable, and provides neither support nor safe-haven to terrorists. The U.S. Government will continue to help the Iraqi people build a sovereign, stable, and self-reliant country as the U.S. transitions from military to civilian responsibility in Iraq. This effort relates to the Iraq-Transition from Military to Civilian High Priority Performance Goal.

Strengthen the Security of Allies and Combat Extremism while Advancing Moderate Politics and Tolerance throughout the Region. The United States will continue to support military, law enforcement, and regulatory mechanisms to combat terrorism and terrorism finance in partnership with regional governments. Social, economic, and security cooperation are critical to moderate governments’ abilities to combat extremism and terrorism, and to defend against external threats. This effort relates to the Democracy, Good Governance, and Human Rights High Priority Performance Goal.

Compliance with International Agreements and Norms. The United States will work to encourage governments to comply with internationally accepted standards of behavior, including those pertaining to human rights and worker rights. The U.S. Government remains committed to the goal of a Middle East free of weapons of mass destruction and support for universal adherence to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons and other international nonproliferation agreements.