Report to Congress per P.L. 110-286 on Military and Intelligence Aid to Burma for 2009
Released March 9, 2012
Under Section 10 of Public Law 110-286, the Secretary of State is required to submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate "a report containing a list of countries, companies, and other entities that provide military or intelligence aid to the SPDC and describing such military or intelligence aid provided by each country, company or other entity."
In 2009, Burma's primary foreign suppliers of weapons and military-related technology continued to be state-controlled arms companies from China, North Korea, Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, and Serbia, as well as other companies based in Singapore and Taiwan. The U.S. continues to urge countries to end military cooperation with the Burma.
Assistance by Country
China and Chinese companies provided both finished equipment and assistance in establishing military production plants to Burma in 2009.
North Korea also provided assistance in establishing military-related production facilities. North Korea's apparent attempt to deliver likely military equipment on the Kang Nam 1 in July 2009 was frustrated when, under intense publicity, Burma announced that the ship would not be allowed to dock. Burma and North Korea reportedly agreed to cooperate in the construction of underground facilities for military aircraft.
Ukraine's state arms trading firm Ukrspetsexport delivered and maintained weapons systems and pursued further opportunities for bilateral cooperation.
Russian companies or brokers continued to sell weapons to Burma, including MiG-29 aircraft in late 2009 for future delivery. Russia also continued to provide training to Burmese students in Russia.
Belarus agreed to provide spare parts for Burma's aging Mi-2 helicopters.
Firms based in Singapore and Taiwan have reportedly assisted Burma's defense industry in acquiring production technology.