Cases Regarding the Border Closure due to BSE Concerns

Several Canadian claimants have submitted notices of arbitration under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules alleging that the United States has violated NAFTA Chapter Eleven by closing the border to the importation of Canadian cattle after the discovery in 2003 of a case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease) in a cow in Alberta, Canada.  Claimants are Canadian citizens and corporations that own and operate cattle feeding, feedlot and transportation businesses in Canada, which they allege were damaged by the border closure. 

Claimants allege that the border closure violates NAFTA Article 1102 (national treatment).  The notices of arbitration seek damages of varying amounts, ranging from CAN$38,000 to CAN$95 million. The total amount of damages sought by claimants is approximately US$235 million.

On January 28, 2008, the tribunal issued its Award on Jurisdiction, dismissing the claims against the United States in their entirety. The tribunal’s award, and other documents in the case, appear below.

01/28/08  Award on Jurisdiction
10/10/07  Transcript of the Hearing on the Preliminary Issue - Day Two
10/09/07  Transcript of the Hearing on the Preliminary Issue - Day One
08/03/07  Procedural Order No. 3
07/05/07  Claimants' Rejoinder on the Preliminary Issue
05/01/07  U.S. Reply on the Preliminary Issue
03/01/07  Article 1128 Submission of Mexico
01/30/07  Claimants' Response on the Preliminary Question
12/01/06  U.S. Memorial on the Preliminary Issue
11/07/06  Procedural Order No. 2
10/20/06  Procedural Order No. 1
06/02/05  Jim McNall Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  Leslie Smith Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  Michael Sears Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  Rex Vandenberg Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  Richard Hiebert Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  Rod Oosterbroek Notice of Arbitration
06/02/05  TER Cattle Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Andrew Oosterbroek Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Brad Hopkins Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Brent Byers Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Brent Fisher Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Byron Sedore Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Chris Irwin Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Cornelius Van Hal Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Darren Johnston Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Dave Knapp Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  David Hewitt Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Donald Procter Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  George Adams Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Glen Thompson Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Graham Alexander Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Helmut Friesen Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  James Wiskerke Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Joseph Daunt Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Keith Kerr Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Ken Andreychuk Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Kevin Freiburger Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Larry Brodersen Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Lee Robson Notice of Arbitraiton
05/20/05  Maria Vanden Elzen Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Murray Johnston Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  NFL Holdings Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Paul Gowing Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Paul MacIntyre Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Peter Schwenk Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Peter Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Robert Emerson Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Robert Laidlaw Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Ron Coulter Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Ross McCall Notice of Arbitration
05/20/05  Ryan Kasko Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Barry Hillman Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Ben Gardiner Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Bernie Loman Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Blair Bieman Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Blake Holtman Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Bruce Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Butch Martin Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Dale Pallister Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Darwin Ullery Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Dave Gardiner Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Dave Johnston Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Dave Matthies, Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  David Millsap Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Doug Briggs Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Doug Nieboer Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Doug Shelswel Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Ed Stronks Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Eric Thacker Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Evert Kraayenbrink Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Firmin Declercq Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Frank Zettler Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  G. Lee Hochstein Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  George Alton Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  George Maxwell Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Glen Armitage Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Grant Nelson Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Harry Duban Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Harry Vandersteen Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Harry Welsch Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Henry Van Hall Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Herb Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Herbert Serfas Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Herman Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Ian MacLean Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Jim Steed Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Joe Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  John Schooten Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  John Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  John Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Julie Coe Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Keith Scott Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Larry Lehrbass Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Leighton Kolk Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Lloyd Sproule Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Louis Ypma Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Marty Wren Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Mary Conlin Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Murray Brodhagen Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Nick Popovic Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Paul Adams Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Renus Van Hal Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Richard Visser Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Rients Wever Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Robert Cooke Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Robert Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Ryan Gibson Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Steve McKague Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Stuart Alton Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Ward Takeda Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Wayne Beattie Notice of Arbitration
05/11/05  Wilfred Haines Notice of Arbitration
03/16/05  Cor Van Raay Notice of Arbitration
03/16/05  Joe Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
03/16/05  John Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
03/16/05  Larry Nolan Notice of Arbitration
03/16/05  Theodorus de Boer Notice of Arbitration