Interview With John Dickerson of CBS's Face the Nation
Secretary of State
QUESTION: Good morning and welcome to Face the Nation. I’m John Dickerson. We’ll get to the story that dominated news coverage most of last week, that of the aftermath of Hurricane Irma, but there’s a lot of other news coming up this morning and so we’re going to begin by talking to Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.
Mr. Secretary, welcome. Let me start with the Paris climate accord. The Wall Street Journal reported that the administration was looking for a way to stay in it, but in June President Trump said it was time to exit. So what is the administration position?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, the position is being led and developed by Gary Cohn over at the National Economic Council. And I think if you recall, the President also said, look, we are willing to work with partners in the Paris climate accord if we can construct a set of terms that we believe is fair and balanced for the American people and recognizes our economy, our economic interest relative to others – in particular, the second-largest economy in the world, China. If you look at those targets in terms of the Paris climate accord, they were just really out of balance for the two largest economies. So I think the plan is for Director Cohn to consider other ways in which we can work with partners in the Paris climate accord. We want to be productive, we want to be helpful. The U.S. actually has a tremendous track record on reducing our own greenhouse gas emissions.
QUESTION: So there’s a chance that if things get worked out both on the voluntary side from the U.S., the voluntary restrictions for the U.S., that it could change, but then also with China, there’s a chance the U.S. could stay in the accord; is that right?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: I think under the right conditions. The President has said he’s open to finding those conditions where we can remain engaged with others on what we all agree is still a challenging issue.
QUESTION: All right, let’s move on to North Korea. This week the UN increased sanctions against North Korea, but then North Korea fired another missile. So what’s next?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, first, I think it’s important to understand the policy of the United States, John, towards North Korea is to deny North Korea possession of a nuclear weapon and the ability to deliver that weapon. Our strategy has been to undertake this peaceful pressure campaign, we call it, enabled by the four nos, the four nos being that we do not seek regime change, we do not seek a regime collapse, we do not seek an accelerated reunification of the peninsula, and we do not seek a reason to send our forces north of the Demilitarized Zone.
So the peaceful pressure campaign is built around and putting together the largest and strongest international coalition we can to send the same message to North Korea and to North Korea’s neighbors, China and Russia, that this is the policy of the rest of the world. And you’ve seen that expressed now in two unanimous Security Council resolutions to impose the strictest sanctions ever.
All of that designed to bring North Korea to the table for constructive, productive dialogue. If our diplomatic efforts fail, though, our military option will be the only one left. And so all of this is backed up by a very strong and resolute military option, but be clear: we seek a peaceful solution to this.
QUESTION: So going back to those four nos, those are a message to North Korea that despite the fact North Korea says that the U.S. has aggressive aims, the United States doesn’t have aggressive aims. You’ve been clear about that. You’ve been clear again this morning. They’re not getting the message, are they?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: No, it’s also a message to assure China that that is also the U.S. policy as well, because as you well know, China has concerns about a regime collapse in particular and the impact it might have along their border. So this is also to assure the government of China that that is not our agenda either, and an effort to bring them as part of our effort, and they have joined us in these most recent sanctions votes at the UN. We believe China and Russia as well can bring a lot of pressure to bear on North Korea.
QUESTION: You’ve said that China and Russia need to take direct action. What direct action does China need to take?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, there are two particular economic revenue streams to the North Koreans that are quite important to their ability to fund their weapons programs and to maintain their economic activity just within their own country. One, of course, is energy. No economy can function if it does not have access to energy. China is the principal supplier of oil to North Korea. They have cut off oil supplies in the past when things got bad. We’re asking China to use that leverage they have with North Korea to influence them. And in the case of Russia, it’s foreign laborers. Russia has over 30,000 foreign laborers from North Korea. Those wages all go back to the regime in North Korea.
QUESTION: China says if they cut off the oil it will lead to that collapse that they worry about. Is there anything the U.S. can do to allay their fears?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, we’re – what we’ve said to them is, look, you have the best information. You have your hand on the valve. You set the valve where you think it’s going to create the message that you want to send to this regime that they must change the path they’re on. So we’re leaving it in China’s hands at this point.
QUESTION: And why not just start talks now? China, Russia, France have all said the U.S. should solve this with talks at the diplomatic table.
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, I’m waiting for the regime in North Korea to give us some indication that they’re prepared to have constructive, productive talks. We have tried a couple of times to signal to them that we’re ready when they’re ready, and they have responded with more missile launches and a nuclear test. All they need to do to let us know they’re ready to talk is to just stop these tests, stop these provocative actions, and let’s lower the threat level and the rhetoric.
QUESTION: Do they need to stop them – give them two weeks or something, or do they need to say, “We are going to stop”? Does it have to be a verbal promise?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, I’ve said in the past, John, that we’ll know it when we see it in terms of their seriousness.
QUESTION: If China doesn’t – in terms of seriousness, if China doesn’t do what you think is necessary either on this oil question or anything else, are trade measures in order to punish China, to put pressure on China?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, the President has been very clear that he views this threat of North Korea as ever-growing, and as we’ve watched each missile test and each nuclear test, their program is advancing. It’s advancing technologically and it’s advancing in its capabilities. We’ve said from the beginning we don’t have a lot of time left. We don’t have a runway left to land this plane on. So we need China’s assistance to bring them to the table.
QUESTION: Let me – this week the President is going up to the United Nations. He’s going to speak. He has talked about an “America first” policy. That’s what he’s talked about in office. The United Nations is a collective action group. How does “America first” fit into a group that – an organization that exists through collective action?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, I think it’s a very important week for the President up at the UN General Assembly. There’s two aspects of his participation up there. One is his major speech that he will give to the General Assembly. The world will be listening. The American people will be listening. And the message he’s going to deliver in that speech is, first, he’s going to promote and advocate for the strength of democratic values and he’s going to reinforce that it is those shared values that bind our alliances together and that have kept the world a stable place. So he is going to be advocating for those values and the protection of those values.
And then he’s going to be making the case that those values are under attack; they’re under attack from threats that we just spoke about in North Korea; they’re under attack from threats of Iran destabilizing efforts; they’re under attack by others who would undermine our democratic values. So he is going to be very clear in terms of his view that that is what brings us together. That’s what binds these nations together and makes us the most power and also creates a stable world.
And then he’s going to address these specific threats of North Korea, Iran, terrorism – global terrorism, and why it is important that all of us come together and confront these as a unified body. I think he does believe the United Nation can be a very important instrument of addressing these threats to the world, but I think he also takes the view that the United Nations has fallen short, and he wants to motivate them in that regard.
QUESTION: Let me ask you about Iran. The President has till the 15th of October to notify Congress whether Iran is in compliance with the nuclear deal arranged by the previous administration. You say they are not in compliance. The British foreign minister says they are. Are there any other people who are a part of that deal who believe that Iran is not in compliance with the nuclear deal?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, my view on the nuclear deal is they are in technical compliance of the nuclear arrangement. But if you go back and read the preamble to the JCPOA, the nuclear agreement, there clearly was an expectation between the parties, the negotiators from the Western parties as well as Iran, that by dealing with this nuclear threat we would lower the tension between Iran and the rest of the world and we would create conditions for Iran to rejoin the community of nations as a productive country that wants stability and wants peace and wants prosperity in the region. That’s why all these sanctions were lifted.
But since the nuclear deal has been concluded, what we have witnessed is Iran has stepped up its destabilizing activities in Yemen, it’s stepped up its destabilizing activities in Syria, it exports arms to Hizballah and other terrorist groups, and it continues to conduct a very active ballistic missile program. None of that, I believe, is consistent with that preamble commitment that was made by everyone.
QUESTION: Very quickly, though, they’re not a nuclear power. You’re dealing with North Korea. Why not do one thing at a time? Why take on – potentially take on Iran on that question? Why not leave that for another day? You’ve got a pretty serious thing with North Korea right in front of you.
SECRETARY TILLERSON: Well, I think it’s important when you consider the Iranian relationship and how we view it, as I said – have said to others in Europe, consider our full breadth of our relationship. And this is what the President has said as well. Look, we have a lot of issues with Iran. They’re a yard, a yard long. The nuclear issue is only one foot of that yard. We have two feet of other issues that we must deal with, and it has to do with Iran’s destabilizing activities.
QUESTION: Very quickly on Cuba. Some senators have suggested closing down the embassy there. Should that happen?
SECRETARY TILLERSON: We have it under evaluation. It’s a very serious issue with respect to the harm that certain individuals have suffered. We’ve brought some of those people home. It’s under review.
QUESTION: All right, Mr. Secretary. Thank you so much for your time.
SECRETARY TILLERSON: My pleasure.